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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for March 7, 2020

This show includes the following segments: 

  • The New "Cow-Culator" & Estimating Nutrition Needs
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Identifying Spiders
  • Important Deadline Reminder
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Vet Script
  • The Tulsa Port of Catoosa & Oklahoma Export

 

(upbeat country music)

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We join you today from the Arkansas River

at the Tulsa Port of Catoosa

for a rare behind the scenes look

at the business operations here

as well as their tremendous impact

that the port has on agriculture in Oklahoma.

>>> We typically ship about a little over two million tons

of cargo through our port each year.

60% of that is agriculture products.

>>> We'll have more from the Port of Catoosa

a little bit later in the show.

But first, we're learning

how to better mange cattle nutrition

with the updated extension Cowculator.

Here's SUNUP's Kurtis Hair

and our Extension Beef Cattle Specialist Dave Lalman.

 

The New "Cow-Culator" & Estimating Nutrition Needs

>>> When it comes to evaluating nutrition needs in cattle

and factoring in the cost that comes with that

it can be quote a complicated process.

But Dave, OSU extension has some software

that can help producers kind of evaluate that

and, you know, work through that.

>>> We do, so we've recently updated our nutrition software.

Megan Ross, a graduate student,

Dr. Paul Beck and I have been working

on it for nearly a year

and I think we've come up with a really nice tool.

>>> So let's like walk through it.

What kind of tool is it

and what like parts does it have like going with that.

>>> So Cowculator is what we call it,

it's been around for a long time

and it's just an Excel based program

and this version it's got a complete makeover

so it looks way different.

Basically it's just four parts,

four worksheets if you will.

There's a cattle input page

and that's one of the most important

because in previous versions of Cowculator,

basically we had two programs,

a cow program and a growing and finishing cattle program.

In this version we pull them into one

and so you select the class of cattle

that you want to deal with

and then provide other inputs,

the size of the cattle, their stage of production,

how much milk they might give, the breed and so on.

The second part is the feed list

and that is designed to be

completely customizable by the user.

So if they'll put their own values in for their feeds,

over time, if they save the file each time

it becomes their own input.

And if they have their hay tasted

and sent off for analysis,

they get the results back,

they can type those in and save it

and fine tune their program in that way.

The third part where the real work gets done

is the balancer page

and that's where you compare the nutrients

that are available to the animal

based on what you indicate that you're gonna feed the animal

or what they're grazing, plus the supplement,

if you're providing a supplement

and then it compares those nutrients

to the requirements of the particular animal

that you indicated back there in the cattle page.

And then finally,

there's a summary page that just sort of

pulls all that information together

and shows you what the results are

and it's a nice printable sheet that you can share.

>>> Yeah, earlier you mentioned

that this like there had been calculators before

and industry has been using these types of tools

for quite awhile but you're always,

especially in OSU extension are still

fine tuning these things to help producers along.

>>> Exactly and you know out here

at the Range Cow Research Center

we do work to discover new things

and requirements to cattle and so on all the time.

And so one thing we've done with the new version

is incorporated new information that we generated

here at OSU and other universities

so it's the most recent technology if you will

or knowledge relative to beef cattle nutrition.

We've update it with that new information

so it should be the best we have available to offer.

>>> All right, thanks Dave.

Dr. Dave Lalman, extension beef cattle specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

And you'd like a link to the Cowculator,

go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> On a previous Cow-Calf Corner,

we visited with you about the need to understand

the increase in the protein and energy requirements

of these beef cows as they calve,

as they change from being late gestation cows

to being early lactation cows.

And what I'd like to do today

is talk a little bit more about that situation.

Here in the Southwest,

we know that the forage quality

that's out in most of our pastures,

those that have warm season grasses

whether it's native or Bermuda grass,

those grasses are really at this time of the year

very, very low quality and not providing much

in terms of either protein or energy.

So we need to, I think,

understand that these cows should not lose body condition

between the time that they calve

and to go into the breeding season.

And that's the reason why we need to understand

this increase in the nutrient requirements of these cows.

If we don't then the research tells us

that we can look at a potential loss

in terms of pregnancy rates in those cows

for the next breeding season.

Research done here at Oklahoma State University

a number of years ago looked at what happened

when we had a set of cows

that were in a body condition score of about a mid .5.

That's on our one through nine scale

like this cow that you see on the screen.

And if we held that cow's body condition

into and through the breeding season,

we had a very successful breeding season

and they rebranded at about a 94% rate.

If that cow lost one full body condition

and dropped down to a mid .4,

here's an example of a cow in that kind of body condition

and she's lost one full score

between the time that she calved

and went into the breeding season,

say around the first of May,

then those cows only re-bred at about a 73% rate.

That's a difference of 21% in terms of pregnancy rates

just due to what changes took place in these cows

after calving and going into the breeding season.

We also want to remember that this is the time of the year

when out in our pastures we may find a little bit

of the winter annuals beginning to show up.

This is the first green grass

these cows have had a chance to eat for several months.

They find it very tasty,

they'll tend to chase it

but it's extremely high in moisture,

very low in energy density,

and will not provide the energy that these cows need

in order to maintain body condition.

That's why I think it's important

that we continue feeding our energy cubes

or make sure that they have adequate quality,

high quality grass hay that's available to them

basically 24/7 in order to maintain that body condition.

I think it's so important.

I understand that this extra feed

has some value and cost us some money

but it will not look as expensive to you

as if you compare a 21% calf loss

in terms of pregnancy rates

in this upcoming breeding season.

So let's keep that in mind

as we go through this part to March and April

and towards the upcoming breeding season.

If we can hold the body condition on these cows until then,

we'll have a lot more successful breeding season

and a better calf crop next year.

We look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

Identifying Spiders

>>> Talking spiders now.

Most people know to steer clear of a black widow

or a brown recluse,

but there are many spiders out there

that actually pose no harm to people.

OSU Structural Entomologist Brad Kard teaches

us the difference.

>>> The black widow spider really likes to be

in enclosed areas and boxes, spaces between firewood piles,

anywhere it can kinda hide and build a small web.

Oklahoma, there's large populations of brown recluse

throughout the entire state.

Can build up in large numbers,

into the hundreds or thousands,

especially in abandoned houses,

or say a house that's been for sale for several months,

and no one's been living in it.

They can build up in extremely large numbers.

You won't really see that happen with black widows,

which are more solidary, and you may just find a few.

Egg cases are circular, spherical egg cases,

where as the brown, the brown recluse spider,

its egg cases are pasted on the side a board or a wall,

or in a hidden area,

and they look like little Hershey's Kisses,

except they're white.

They're not globular.

And so the brown recluse spider,

because it's called a recluse, it's reclusive.

It's also called the corner spider.

It hides out in corners, any area it can hide,

like under a dresser, under a bed.

It is not aggressive, but it is a rapid mover.

If you catch it out on a wall

and you try and capture it, it can move very rapidly,

whereas you won't find black widows

off their webs very often.

And there's also wolf spiders that get in the house.

There's cellar spiders that get in the house.

All these other spiders, venom is not something

that the human has to worry about

because they don't really bite humans.

So they look similar, and they are brown,

but they're not venomous.

But they do not have the fiddle-back on its thorax,

and they do not have three pairs of eyes

on the front of its cephalothorax.

There is a common spider, a brown house spider,

looks similar to a black widow spider.

It's in the same shape, but it's more aggressive.

It attacks larger animals, like even lizards,

and it's not very venomous

as far as humans goes, whereas, of course,

the black widow spider is completely black

with the red hour glass on its ventral side

of its abdomen.

The black widow spider venom is a neurotoxin.

It attacks the nerves, it's paralytic.

If you get bit by a black widow spider,

within five or 10 minutes you'll have severe pain,

almost a severe burning sensation,

but you don't get the dead issue

like you do with a brown recluse spider.

So you have a neurotoxic in the black widow spider,

but you have a cytolytic toxin,

which kills cells and tissues.

You can get open sores and infections,

where as you normally won't see

that with a black widow spider.

Yeah, if you get any kind of spider infestation,

it's always good to call a pest management professional.

For more information about spiders in general,

go to the SUNUP, and they'll also have references

to different spiders in Oklahoma.

(upbeat music)

 

Important Deadline

>>> We're joined now by Amy Hagerman,

our ag-policy specialist.

Amy, if March could be summed up in one word,

in your world, it would be deadlines.

>>> Absolutely, yes, there are a lot of deadlines

that happen in March for a lot of different things

for our producers.

Some of them they're used to dealing with every year,

like their crop insurance, spring planting deadlines,

that they'll have this month.

But others are pretty unique to this month,

and this year specifically,

the big one being those ARC and PLC deadlines

that we've talked about before.

That's March 15th.

Producers need to be sure

they have their appointments scheduled

with their local FSA office

by March 15th to get in there and enroll for ARC and PLC.

Another thing to think about is the PLC yield update.

This has a different deadline

than the ARC and PLC enrollment and election at March 15th.

Producers have until September 30th

to make the decision whether or not to update

their PLC yield for the 2020 crop year.

It doesn't apply to the 2019 crop year,

which is why we get this extended deadline.

>>> What other programs are also on the horizon,

right on the heels of that?

>>> Absolutely, conservation programs.

Here in Oklahoma, we're really a leader

in the no-till, and the soil, health, and cover crops areas.

We've taken a lot of advantage

of some of the natural resource conservation programs,

like the EQIP program,

but especially right now we talk

about the Conservation Stewardship Program.

For both continuing contracts,

and for new contracts,

the deadline is at the end of March for the CSP program.

These just help you put some

of those good those good conservation practices in place

on your farm.

A change in this farm bill

is those CSP contracts don't automatically renew,

so you are gonna have to go in and talk to NRCS

if you have an existing CSP contract

that you want to continue on.

>>> A lot of information to sort out, of course,

but there is a handy decision tool available

for folks to use to figure all of that out.

>>> Absolutely, for those producers who are still trying

to figure out the ARC verses PLC decision,

and also the effect of crop insurance in that decision,

our Farm Bill Decision Tool that we built

jointly with Kansas State University

is available online.

All you have to do is fill in the information

on each of the farms that are eligible for ARC and PLC,

your expectation of prices and yields on your farm,

and it will provide you with an estimate

of what the projected payments for 2019 and 2020 could be

for your crops in your county on your farm.

>>> Okay, great reminder.

Please us it, right?

>>> Absolutely.

>>> Okay, thanks a lot Amy.

We will see you again soon.

And for a link to that decision tool

that Amy mentioned, go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi Wes Lee with the Weekly Mesonet Weather Report.

It was a great week of weather for those needing

to dry out a little this week.

The average air temperature finally moved back

above the long term average for the State on February 28th

and is mostly stayed that way since.

You can say the long term average temperature shown here

by the blue field and the daily Statewide average air

temperature with a dark line.

Relative humidity has also been relatively low.

As shown here on this US map from Wednesday afternoon.

Most of Oklahoma was in the 20s and 30s this along

with some bright sunshine and breezy conditions allowed

for this waterlogged souls over much of the state

to start the drying process.

This map shows one day average percent plant available water

at the four inch depth under sod while the Eastern third

of the State is still at or near 100%.

Most of the Western 2/3 shows numbers that are starting

to allow normal farming activities, top dressing weight,

and farm tillage operations are starting to happen

to prepare for the upcoming spring planting season.

Short term forecast indicate we should continue

this drying trend.

While it will be appreciated by most, we need to be hopeful

that rainfall intervals do not get too far stretched out.

Now here's Gary with a look at a warm forecast

for next week.

>>> Thanks Wes, and good morning everyone.

Well, we're now in the climatological spring,

which runs from March through May.

We're out of winter.

It's been a very warm winter, we haven't gotten enough

precipitation across Western Oklahoma.

So we are sort of teetering on the edge of starting

to see that drought expand across parts of the Southwest

as we go up into the Northwest.

Let's take a look at the latest data, see what we have.

We have that area of drought up

in the far Western panhandle.

That's a moderate to severe drought, a little bit

of abnormally dry conditions surrounding it.

And then we have that area Mary persistent area

that's been there since last summer

down in the far Southwest of moderate drought.

And then the abnormally dry conditions,

which actually expanded a little bit to the East this week,

farther integrated counting Comanche County.

Again, those areas we're watching for drought development.

Yeah as we get into Southeastern Oklahoma,

they've had some pretty good rains up in the Northeast.

They can withstand a little bit of dryness.

But as we get into Southwest Oklahoma, we see less

than an inch of rain for the last 30 days.

But that does expand all across Western half of the State.

What's the percent of the rainfall we receive

'cause compared to normal, well we can see right down

there and Comanche and Caddo counties less

than 40% or rainfall as we get close to a medicine park,

then the Mesonet site there,

but all across Western Oklahoma up into the central parts

of the State, that dryness is expanding in those areas.

And it's not just the fact that we have a little bit of rain

here and there, it's, we don't have any significant

on any given day.

So if we look at the consecutive days with less

than a quarter inch of rainfall

this is from the Oklahoma Mesonet as well.

We see we're now up to close to 20 days and don't,

and the far Southwest were or getting up close to 50 days.

So we get a little bit of small rainfalls here and there

that make up those totals, but we don't get any significant

rainfalls that really get to soak in.

And if we look at the outlook for next week,

see greatly increased odds of above normal temperatures.

So that's gonna put pressure on that moisture, any moisture

on the surface or in the top layers, that soil

or we are gonna have a little bit of problem

across Western Oklahoma at least in the near future.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Market Monitor

>>> We're now into March and Kim were only about four months

away from when the combines are gonna be rolling.

What's it gonna take financially for producers

to make it to the finish line?

>>> Well, some producers still have to put down the top dress.

I've visited with them 75 to 80% of that nitrogen is down.

If they've got to put it down, it's gonna cost around 15

to $20 an acre or they need to do scout their fills.

If they need a Fungicide, it's gonna cost 10 to $20

an acre on that harvesting.

Oh, they estimate that around 30 to 35.

So if you take a mid point of all of those, it's about $65

an acre left with the nitrogen.

And if you've got 40 bushels per acre, that's a break even,

or an additional cost of about a $1.63.

Now, some fields may have broadleaf a problems

in there that they have to come and spray.

And if they have to do that a cost somewhere

around $15 an acre.

>>> With all of those numbers and the price of wheat

where it has been, can producers make a profit?

Well, I don’t no if they can afford not to do these procedures

if they need it, they're either wheat producers

or they're not.

And if they produce wheat, they need to produce

a quality product.

And if they do that, they've got to put down the nitrogen

that they got to put down the fungicides

and use the resources.

In other words, are they gonna manage that crop or not?

Now should they, what should they do there?

They've definitely got to scout the fields

that they need to fungicides.

They gotta get it down early.

They can't wait until they see somebody else do.

So it works on need to get on that list

by then it's too late.

So they gotta manage if it's needed, it's not gonna

be profitable if they don't do it.

>>> Now looking into Kim Anderson patented or crystal ball

for wheat prices what do you think the price of wheat

will be say in late June, early July?

>>> Well, the best thing to look at is what you can forward

contractor for right now.

Snyder, Southern Oklahoma, a minus 40 cent basis,

around a $4.20 forward contract right now.

If you look up around Medford, Burlington,

Tacoma, that area about a no minus 22 off that July contract

around $4.40 of course that four forties

right at break even.

I think if they got test weight and protein,

they're probably gonna have a higher price than that.

>>> And going back to the early of the interview,

do you think that there is that management practice

in there where producers can still make a profit

off of that price of Ford contracted wheat?

>>> Well, like the research that Dr. Arnel has done,

on the green strips and on the applying the nitrogen

timely to get that protein.

And if you looked at protein premium

from ordinary we'd round 11 protein to say a 12-4

you got about a 50 cent premium for that protein right now.

So yeah, I think that management can pay off if you do it

right and get the tie at the timing in there.

>>> So you're either a wheat producer or you're not.

>>> That's exactly correct. Dr. Kim Anderson, grain marketing

specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Vet Script

>>> If you've been in the cattle business

for very long,

you've probably had a calf

that we refer to as having weak calf syndrome

or dummy calf.

These calves are reluctant to get up,

stand, nurse, usually are very poor (mumbles)

and most of them won't usually die.

Now, there are many cause of this.

One of the more common cause

is dystocia or calving difficulty.

And what happens during this process is

these calves become hypoxic

and it can actually result in anoxia,

where they have very low oxygen levels.

These low oxygen levels will result

in a low blood pH

and if it takes a considerable amount of time,

you'll actually have this calf break down

its own tissue to supply energy to itself

and then you get an increase in L-lactate,

which results in a metabolic acidosis.

So, acidotic calves we know are more prone to be ill,

they're more prone to die,

and they have problems with colostrum absorption.

So, how do we know a calf is acidotic?

One of the most common cause would be dystocia,

as we've talked about.

If you have a cow that has problems calving,

then that should alert you

that this calf may be acidotic.

So, what do we do with these calves

if we think we've got a calf with acidosis?

If we're having that difficult birth,

the most important thing is we want

to get this calf to breathe.

So once the calf is born,

we want to get that calf set up

on his sternum.

We want to clear that mouth,

clear the nostrils.

We want to get us a piece of grass

or a piece of straw

and really stimulate those nostrils

and we get this calf to cough and sneeze

and get him to breathe.

We want to rub this calf vigorously.

We want to get this calf dry

because one of the problems

with these calves is,

a lot of times they're not willing to shiver.

So, they can get cold pretty quickly.

So, we wanna get them dried off.

We'd like to protect them from the elements

as much as possible.

And probably the most important thing is

we want to get some colostrum in that calf quickly.

If you'd like some more information

about acidosis and calves,

just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

 

The Tulsa Port of Catoosa & Oklahoma Exprot

>>> Finally, today, how the Port of Catoosa

connects Oklahoma agriculture

to the rest of the world.

>>> [Edd] Ask the typical person

about Oklahoma exports

and a massive shipping port

usually doesn't come to mind.

>>> [Sheila] We've got about 2,500 acres here.

70 different businesses located here.

>>> [Edd] But the Tulsa Port of Catoosa

is a busy place.

>>> We typically ship about

little over 2 million tons of cargo

through our port each year.

60% of that is agriculture products.

Could be wheat,

soybean, dry fertilizer, liquid fertilizer.

We have a company that brings in tank barges

full of molasses

that's used for cattle feed.

So, a lot of agriculture connection.

>>> [Edd] In fact,

the Port of Catoosa has been in operation

for almost 50 years.

>>> Our first barge came in January 21, 1971.

It was carrying 650 tons of newsprint.

We don't ship a lot of newsprint today,

but back then it was a very important commodity.

>>> [Edd] While the commodities may have changed,

the Port of Catoosa has become

an essential part of Oklahoma's economy

with a world-wide impact.

>>> Export is a very important part

of Oklahoma's agriculture

and to have a means to be able

to do that efficiently and effectively

that's really important for Oklahoma.

>>> [Edd] With the cost of food production increasing,

the Port of Catoosa provides producers

with a more cost effective option for exports.

>>> [Sheila] It's literally 1/5 the cost

to ship wheat and soybean

to Louisiana by barge versus truck.

So, farmers need that margin

to make that profit.

>>> [Edd] With over 78,000 farms in Oklahoma,

it takes a lot of manpower

to ensure the port functions properly,

which is why students from across the state

have come to learn more about this important asset

and its connection to agriculture.

>>> I honestly didn't even know

this was a place here

that we had in Oklahoma.

I didn't know we had a waterway

that could push barges.

I didn't know how much barges could hold

and how many you could push

by just one tow boat.

>>> [Edd] Rylee Smith,

an FFA member from Oologah,

caught the attention of the port

with her Facebook page, Ag It On,

where she covers agricultural topics

throughout the state.

>>> The Port of Catoosa heard about that

and they wanted someone to do their video

for this career show.

So, they talked to my ag teacher

and Ms. Smith got this thing for me

where I came and videoed for them

and I put this video together

to help show everyone

that came to this,

what this port's about,

some companies that work here

and everything like that.

>>> [Edd] As demand for agricultural products increases,

the port provides insight into career options

for Oklahoma's future workforce.

>>> Them having the opportunity

to learn about the history of the place,

the impact financially

that it makes on the state.

Also, getting to meet with some of the employers

that are right here at the Port of Catoosa.

This could spark their interest

for them follow up and do more research.

Or maybe come and talk

to these companies

once they turn 18 to get a job.

>>> So they're the next generation.

We need them to understand

why it's important

and why they need to protect it

and use it.

>>> [Edd] From Rogers County, I'm Edd Beran.

 

>>> And that'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime

at sunup.okstate.edu.

And also follow us on YouTube

and social media.

From along the Arkansas River

at the Tulsa Port of Catoosa,

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We'll see you next time at Sunup.

(upbeat guitar music)

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