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Oklahoma State University
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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 8, 2019

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

 

  • Wheat in southern Oklahoma
  • Feeding cattle with airboats
  • A word from Extension on flooding
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Managing pounds after flooding
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Naturally Speaking

 

 

(lively music)

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Wheat harvest is underway

in southern Oklahoma, a little bit later than usual.

They have potential this year

for a really great crop, but as we all know,

Mother Nature had other plans.

We get up to speed this week in Cotton County.

 

Wheat in southern Oklahoma

>>> I was once told, in western Oklahoma,

never complain about a rain.

But if I were to complain about a rain,

it would be the last one that we had.

We're taking a lot of wind damage,

some hail damage, and now the big concern is

just having rain coming in almost every 24 hours,

just giving us problems with the ground

and getting stuck, and for the equipment

to hold us up.

Also we're worried about the deterioration

of the crop, the quality of the crop,

and of course, the volume, whether or not

we're gonna be able to get it.

The grasses and the weeds start to come through

and they could also impact our ability

to get the crop out this year.

>>> We just haven't had any really good drying days

because of the frequent rains that we've been receiving

to get any field work done.

We're just kind of at a standstill.

It's more of a hurry-up and then wait.

You know, hopefully, we'll get some good running days,

things will dry out and be able to get this crop in the bin.

>>> So we're gonna harvest

about 2,500 acres of wheat this year to harvest for grain.

And we've got out maybe 250 acres.

And, so we're, like you say, we just really started

and we've got our custom cutters in.

They're all sitting at the shop ready to go and waiting.

It's just frustrating for everyone.

And the fields that we've got

out so far had all been grazed

and so they we're a little firmer than normal

and we to go around some of the mud holes.

But luckily, knock on wood,

we haven't got stuck yet, but we've had

to back out of a few mud holes

and we're gonna leave some ruts this year.

In anticipation to that,

we've actually got our tandem disc ready to go

and we expect that it will be pretty busy the rest

of the summer filling in damaged fields from ruts.

>>> Hogs continue to be a huge concern.

You'll see where they might have pulled the heads off

earlier and just, they start eating those heads.

And so, yeah, it's a concern, not only with wheat,

but with other crops, too.

But hogs are a concern and will continue

until we get 'em under control.

>>> Wheat has got nine lives, and I think

we're on eight right now.

We can only do what we can do.

And you try not to worry about the things

that you can't control and be there

for the things that you can.

And so, we're ready, we're doing our part,

trying to get ready.

It is frustrating, but it's something

that we've all been through if you've farmed very long.

We've all been through droughts and floods

and sometimes all of that in the same year.

And so this is the year to learn how some

of the varieties handle too much water.

We've kind of got a handle

on what handles drought the best.

So I'll really be looking forward

to the OSU variety test this year

as they're being harvested, to see

how the varieties, that some of the old varieties

that did really well during the drought,

how do they do whenever they have too much water.

>>> You just have to kind of take it one day at a time

and kind of evaluate all what you have

and prioritize, you know,

what can you get done with what you've got to work with.

 

Feeding cattle with airboats

>>> The floods have been tough on wheat production

and tough on livestock.

SUNUP's Ed Barrett heads north now

to Kay County to see one families unique way

of feeding their cattle.

(motor revs)

>>> [Ed] It looks like something out of Miami Vice,

but it's right here in Oklahoma.

>>> We got the fan boat about three years ago.

Mostly just for playing on the river and fishing

and it's been a great use here in the last few days.

>>> [Ed] Like many Oklahomans, the Case family has struggled

with the recent rains.

>>> There was parts that was probably close to 10 foot.

>>> [Ed] A pasture once green

with forage has become a chain of islands

along the Arkansas River, dotted with cattle

in desperate need of feed.

>>> Went to work all day

and then came home to flooded waters.

Unloaded boats and went out and fed cows

with cake and hay and we'll bring and put six or eight bags

on a boat for the weight.

Why?

So we don't sink the boats and then

we'll put six or eight bales of hay on another boat

and we'll haul it out to them.

>>> [Announcer] Throughout the hardship the Case family

is well aware this isn't the first time Oklahoma

has seen rains of historic levels.

>>> [Taner] It happened back in '86 and back in '73.

They said this was worse than '86.

>>> [Announcer] But the Case family has never witnessed

anything like this.

>>> [Jamie] Well I woke up to the water being

too high to get the cattle out.

It was just one morning the water was almost

about as high as it is now

and we didn't have an option.

>>> [Announcer] The Case family having lived in Ponca City

for ten years only just dipping there toes in

the ranching business.

>>> [Jamie] This will definitely be one of

our biggest adversities. We we're just

kind of getting started and just have a few head of cows

and so this is definitely the biggest challenge we've had.

>>> [Announcer] But the Case family has one thing that has

helps them manage through the floods.

>>> [Jamie] We've had gracious friends and family

that have opened their homes and their pastures up

that are dry to our horses and our other dogs.

Friends that have opened their homes to us.

Neighbors that have cooked dinner for us.

We've been pretty blessed in that aspect.

>>> [Announcer] And as for the future.

>>> [Taner] Day by day.

Pray for no rain.

>>> [Announcer] In Kay County I'm Ed Baren.

 

A word from Extension on flooding

>>> The impact of flooding and storms touches

every county of Oklahoma.

We're joined by Doctor Damona Doye

the head of OSU Crop Extension.

And Damona it's sure hard to see images like we just saw.

>>> Certainly our hearts go out to the many people

in Oklahoma that have been impacted by the recent storms

so there are I know lots of questions

coming to our local extension offices

we're blessed to have educators in each of the 77 counties

that can respond to those local questions.

In one county it may be how to manage trees, fruit trees,

that have been damaged by winds and another it may be

whether power outages have impacted food safety .

So there are a variety of short range questions.

Our network of local educators

along with area and state specialists are great at

monitoring changing conditions and adapting to that

and providing timely research based information

so they'll be watching for changes in conditions

and responding appropriately.

>>> And as we see with previous disaster that

recovery part of it lasts a while.

Weeks, months, if not years.

>>> Right, and so we expect that we'll be adding new material

to, for instance, our website but we have lots of fact

sheets. We have videos that people can look at

and point to now for answers to questions

that range from managing their septic system

to controlling mold and mildew

and managing a pasture that's been flood damaged.

>>> Lots of content. So the best bet its always

just to check in with the county office near you.

>>> That's right. Our local educators are well informed

and also have access our network of specialists statewide.

>>> Okay thanks a lot Damona.

And for a link to the county office nearest you

as well as a list od disaster resources available

just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(folk music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi I'm Wes Lee and welcome to the Mesonet weather report.

Finally the weather seems to have

calmed down a little this week

and as we move towards the end of spring

and the beginning of summer

rains were more normal for this time of year.

The five day rainfall totals as of June 5th

had no six or seven inch totals like we have seen

in the last few weeks.

The map has only one 4+ location at Lane.

The rest of the state had mostly

less than two inches recorded.

This allowed a few parts of the state to dry out a bit.

The four inch fractional water index,

while still dominated by ones,

is showing a few .7s and .8s

this is the ideal range for most crops

and is dry enough to begin doing field work.

We discussed last week how far behind

the summer planting season is.

Of the crops that were planted on time

many have not thrived due to poor growing conditions.

Grass plants such as this corn plant in central Oklahoma

are very much better than the state's broad leaf crops

such as soybeans, cotton, and peanuts.

We know how wet it's been

but along with rains come cloudy days.

This map of May percent sunshine shows how far

from the long term average we have been.

Almost a fourth of the sunshine was missing

in Woodward and Camargo.

The entire state was cloudier than normal,

except for the lone station at Clayton

that came in as normal.

Rains and clouds usually mean cooler than normal

temperatures, as well.

This map is the departure from normal high temperatures

also for the month of May.

As with sunshine, we see the western half of the state

affected more severely than the east.

Five stations from Erick to Freedom to Goodwell

were all averaging seven degrees below normal during May.

Whether crops were planted on time or yet to make it

in the ground, it looks like it will be a race this year

to reach maturity by harvest time.

The Oklahoma Mesonet has a tool called the degree-day

unit calculator that can help determine if your crop

is on track or behind schedule.

Degree-days are heat calculations used by producers

to predict plant development rates.

The tool is available for most of the major crops

grown in Oklahoma.

You first select your closest Mesonet site,

then the crop you're interested in, and lastly,

the starting date, which is usually the planting date.

Here, I've selected soy beans planted at Breckenridge

the last of May.

Once you hit Get Data, a table is generated showing

the daily degree-day units for soybeans

and the accumulated degree-days since planting.

Reference materials are available for most crops

indicating how many degree days must be accumulated

before a plant reaches certain growth stages

or to reach maturity.

While the rains may have slowed down a little,

the National Weather Service forecast for next week

is calling for temperatures well below normal

for this time of year.

This will continue to put pressure on summer plants

that are trying to play catch up.

Gary is off this week, so that will do it for this edition.

We will see you next week for the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Managing pounds after flooding

>>> Many Oklahomans have been put through the ringer recently

with the high rainfall events that they've had to endure.

This has been a real test for many ponds

of their overflow capacity, and you really find out

what's going on with your pond.

Was it designed the right way?

Was it constructed the right way, and was it maintained

the right way for those spillway structures to do their job?

We never want to see a pond with the water going

over the top of the dam.

You're almost assured of losing the pond when that happens,

so we really depend on those overflows.

Some people have been calling in with problems

with clogged overflows, clogged by floating debris.

It's never safe to try to unclog an overflow

when the water is still flowing.

You need to wait until afterwards, and perhaps talk

to NRCS about design alternatives to perhaps prevent

that from clogging the next time,

but the auxiliary spillways are another important thing

to look at after the flood, those flat channels that are

usually off to the side of the main dam

where the water is flowing overland.

You want to make sure if there has been any erosion

that has gotten started during that overflow event.

If so, do not delay.

Get that filled and revegetated as soon as possible

to make sure that that structure doesn't continue

to erode, and it can erode even more rapidly

during the next overflow event if we leave those areas

bare and unprotected.

Any time a pond overflows, the fish are gone.

If you have a pond that's in a floodplain,

and it floods, and unfortunately, many people do have

that situation, pretty much you need to reassess

what if anything you have left in that pond

by fishing it to try to determine.

You may have lost most of your fish.

You may have gotten some new fish that you may not

like to have in your pond, so do a fishing assessment

of the pond after the flood.

Heavy overland flow can carry fish, allow fish

to make their way across the surface overland

for quite a long distance, and in particular,

I draw your attention to common carp.

They are notorious for swimming, not just downslope

during overland flow events, but they can swim upstream

and across spillways.

They are very good at getting into ponds

from lower elevations, but of course,

we're also concerned about whatever might be

washing in from ponds above you that would be undesirable.

 

Market Monitor

>>> Well, wheat harvest has started, and wheat prices

are on a roller coaster.

There are some odd things happening in the grain markets.

So, Kim, let's break this down.

Let's start with wheat harvest, what's going on?

>>> Well you look at what's going on,

it's just getting started.

It's, some fields are too wet to get into.

Others, you've got the low clouds,

you've got the high humidity

and that wheat's just too wet and won't dry out enough.

Elevators in Southern Oklahoma,

Southwestern Oklahoma,

are getting in a few loads.

The yields have been relatively good.

Really good in some cases.

The test weights been relatively good.

Too early to know about protein

and it's really too early to know about

what this crop's gonna look like.

>>> So why are the wheat prices up...

On this up and down trend?

>>> Well if you look at the rollercoaster rides,

we've got about a .90 cent to a dollar increase in prices.

We knocked 'em off around .40 cents this last week,

maybe a little more than that.

We got the Mexico tariffs.

Mexico's are number one buyer of wheat,

and of course that makes the market nervous.

Plus USDA came out with that Crop Conditions Report.

You look at wheat conditions,

a significantly better condition

than what the market expected.

And you've got the funds

that were record short in the market.

They're out of those shorts,

but they're not going and they're not buying the contracts

so there's nothing to hold that price up.

>>> So moving on to grain markets,

why did Smithfield Foods buy Brazilian corn?

>>> Well you look at what the costs are,

Allendale came out with a report early in the week

that if you were shipping wheat outta...

I mean, corn, out of Ohio into North Carolina,

it's gonna cost you about $6.00 a bushel,

if you could find the transportation to get it there,

with the floods and the waterways and stuff.

But you could bring a cargo load of corn in from Brazil

for about $5.00 a bushel.

So you save a dollar,

plus you've got the transportation to get it there,

that's why they bought that corn.

>>> [Interviewer] So moving to soybeans,

what's going on...

Or what's the latest news with China and the U.S.?

>>> Well you look at...

Before we had this last flareup

in the trade spatter, trade ware,

China came in and they bought

about 260 million bushels of soybeans.

With the floods and the problems

with transportation and shipping,

we're having trouble getting that down to the ports

to load that out on cargo and get it to China.

So China bought soybeans and we're having trouble

delivering it.

>>> [Interviewer] So overall,

what's gonna happen with U.S. grain markets?

>>> (laughs) With all the variability that's going on

with the weather and the wet conditions,

we don't know what our planting acres

are going to be in corn.

We don't know what they're going to be in beans.

We don't know if the rain's gonna continue.

You look at wheat,

is it going to dry out enough to get this harvest in,

or are we gonna have sprout damage?

There's just a lot going on in the market right now.

You got the Mexican situation,

you got the China situation.

That's why we got a rollercoaster market

and I believe it's gonna continue.

>>> All right, thanks, Kim.

Kim Anderson, Grain Marketing Specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(light harmonica music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Unfortunately, many producers across

the southern plains have experienced

those heavy rains, flooding pastures,

and in some cases, flooding getting up into and around

where they might have had some hay stored

during this past spring

and going into the early summer months.

And the questions arise about that hay that got wet.

And we know in many cases that hay will be moldy.

What are the effects of moldy hay,

if we go ahead and try to feed it?

Well there's three things that I think we need to remember

about moldy hay.

Number one is that of the livestock species

that many of us have on our ranches,

horses and cattle.

Horses are the most sensitive to moldy hay

and certainly probably want to avoid feeding

any moldy hay to horses.

As far as cattle are concerned,

the ones that I'm really concerned about are pregnant cows.

We do know that moldy hay

can cause some fungal abortions of pregnant cows,

and so keep that in mind if you have some of that hay around

next fall and winter

and you're putting that out for those pregnant cows

that'll calve the following spring.

That can be a real problem.

Quite frankly, if it's real moldy,

I would avoid feeding it to pregnant cows.

The third thing that I want you to keep in mind

about moldy hay

is that there is a human health factor involved as well.

We do know that humans that are exposed to molds

that come out of feed,

we do know that in some cases,

ranchers, farmers that are around moldy feeds

to a great extent,

may actually end up with a fungal infection in the lungs

and it can be pretty dangerous to 'em.

So we don't want to spend a lot of time ourselves

around that moldy feed.

Quite frankly,

if we've got any alternatives

other than that hay that's been exposed to flooded waters,

and has caused a lot of mold,

I would just assume that we use it for erosion control.

Or dispose of it some other way

rather than feed it to livestock, I think that both you

and the livestock will be safer because of that.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you

again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Seems like there's a lot going on

in the livestock industry right now, and Derrell,

let's start off with the African Swine Fever.

>>> Well, this is a big issue.

It's clear now that it's gonna be a major, global issue.

African swine fever is affecting hogs in various countries

around the world.

The biggest one, of course, is China,

and that's the one all eyes are on right now.

China produces about 50% of the world's pork production,

so significant losses there, and we don't know

what those losses are.

I don't think anybody does at this point,

but they're significant.

And so that's a major issue,

it's a major protein shortage for China.

They're gonna be looking at all kinds of protein markets

to try to fill in that missing pork production

that's happening in China.

>>> Will this help the cattle and beef markets in any way?

>>> Well, I think it's going to be a boost

to all protein markets.

Again, China's gonna be looking to source pork

from other countries including the US,

despite our tariff situation, but perhaps more so

from other countries.

But they're gonna be looking at chicken,

they're gonna be looking at beef as alternative proteins

to make up for the gap.

So the entire protein complex is gonna get a lift.

Cattle and beef will get an indirect part of that.

Now in the US we don't export much beef to China right now,

and we do have this ongoing tariff situation,

so it's gonna be more of an indirect effect for us,

but we will see some impacts from that

in the beef industry as well.

>>> Now, speaking of different markets and potential tariffs,

there was some news that came out earlier

about potential tariffs with Mexico.

A lot of people were thinking cars,

first thing I thought of was cattle and beef.

Let's talk about the relationship the US has

with Mexico in livestock.

>>> Well, again, in all ag markets,

Mexico is a major customer,

specifically with respect to beef.

Mexico is both one of our major export markets

as well as one of our major import markets for beef,

and it's a significant source of live cattle imports

into the US.

So all of those stand to be impacted

if we put tariffs on Mexican beef, Mexican cattle,

that has a series of impacts.

And more than likely, Mexico's not gonna sit still for this,

so they're likely to do something that would impact,

some retaliatory tariffs, or something that would

impact beef exports to Mexico.

Of course, the backdrop here is we're still

working on trying to get USMCA approved.

So the new version of NAFTA is not ratified yet

in any of the three countries.

We just got past the steel and aluminum tariffs,

which were part of the hang up towards moving forward,

now this new round of tariffs very likely will

pose some additional hurdles that would have to be passed

before we would see much progress on that.

>>> So with these potential tariffs,

they're staggered in such a way that 5% in the near future,

10% in the future, and so on, and so on.

What does that mean for the general public

when it comes to beef prices?

>>> Well, at the 5% level, I don't think we would actually

be able to detect much impact at the consumer level.

It will raise prices, for example, on Mexican beef

coming in on the importers initially.

Over time, that will reduce to some extent.

The demand for that beef, which would then probably

prompt some lowering of prices in Mexico

to partially, perhaps, offset the size of the tariff.

And so those things take weeks to months, sometimes,

for all those impacts to work out.

Now if we accelerate up to the 10, 20, 25% level,

then those impacts potentially could become

much more apparent much more quickly

in terms of not only beef, but many Ag and food products

that we import from Mexico.

>>> Okay, well thank you very much, Derrell.

Derrell Peel, livestock marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(optimistic music)

 

Naturally Speaking

>>> In Oklahoma the optimum time to cut native grass

for hay is the first part of July.

Before July 15th.

This will optimize the amount of total forage

with the quality.

If you wait 'til after July 15th,

the quality of the forage starts declining rapidly,

and if you cut the hay in June,

then you're not gonna get a lot of production.

There's just not gonna be a lot of biomass.

You're not gonna have a lot of bales,

although the quality would be very high.

So neither cutting is very good.

The first one is high quality, but low quantity,

the second one is just the opposite.

So to really optimize, we recommend that people cut

the very first part of July.

Research has shown that multiple cuttings

on native grasslands can shift the plant community

to something that's undesirable from a hay standpoint,

also from a wildlife standpoint.

If you're out cutting hay during May or June,

you're gonna cause a lot of wildlife mortality,

and you're not going to optimize the quantity and quality

of the forage that you could be cutting for hay.

So in addition to the wildlife benefits,

there's also a lot of insect benefits.

And people are increasingly concerned about pollinators.

Pollinators, of course, are critically important

for our food supply, so there's just a lot of negatives

that you need to think about when you're mowing

during that peak blooming period of early summer.

(optimistic music)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us any time at sunup.okstate.edu,

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a good week every one,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(gentle string music)

 

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