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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for April 27, 2019

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

Insects & winter crops

Benefits of growing canola

Mesonet Weather

Market Monitor

Wheat rust update

Cow-Calf Corner

Livestock

First responders & livestock

 

Insects & winter crops

(guitar music)

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We begin today talking about insects in winter crops

or the lack thereof as the case may be for now.

Here's SUNUP's Dave Deken

and our extension entomologist, Tom Royer.

>>> Here it is we're wrapping up April

and really this is the first time

we've had you on to talk about insects in winter crops.

Tom, what's going on?

>>> Well, we can talk about the lack of insects

in winter crops right now.

I was at a couple of canola field day meetings yesterday.

That crop looks beautiful.

It's the best I've seen in years

and as I was inspecting it,

it was hard for me to find any insects

of any kind feeding on it.

And the same is true,

we're gonna be starting our wheat tours

in the next few days as well.

Really haven't seen a lot of insect activity there.

I always caution them to continue to inspect the crop,

make sure that they don't get surprised by something

but so far, so good.

What I think has happened is we've just had

beautiful growing conditions,

wet, cool, fall, spring.

And things like diamondback moth

that will get into canola

tend to do a little better when we have a mild winter

and probably kind of a dryer winter.

But at least for right now, things look great.

>>> So with the winter crops looking so well,

should producers start thinking about summer crops?

>>> Absolutely.

In the cases of wheat or canola,

a lot of times they can come in

with a crop afterwards and plant it.

There should be some intentions

on planting sorghum this year.

Obviously there's gonna be a lot of cotton,

but one of the good things

that we've seen about sorghum over the last few years

is that we've got tools in place

to manage sugar cane aphid

so it's not a big deal anymore

like it was back in 2013 to 15.

So we've got tolerant varieties,

we've got some insecticides that can control 'em

when it's needed and farmers are more experienced with it

so they're not afraid of it anymore

like they were for a while

where we could see such disasters.

>>> With the winter crops,

if insects do make their way back in,

when is it too late to spray for those?

>>> Well, with army worm it's not too late

even as the heads are filling.

With things like that.

And with canola the same kind of issues

could happen after the pods are filled out

and the flowering's done, we have seen in the past,

actually kind of a year like this

were variegated cutworm came in

and started feeding on the pods pretty seriously.

These crops aren't out of the woods yet,

but there's definitely potential

and there's definitely a reason for producers

to watch the crop and protect it if they need to.

>>> So what kind of resources are available

for the producers when it comes

to identifying those insects?

>>> Well of course we make recommendations

that we update annually for insecticide products

that are registered, but I've also in the last couple years

developed a fact sheet on caterpillars and canola,

caterpillars and small grains, aphids in canola

and just finishing one up for aphids and small grains

that talks about their biology and everything

but also how to scout for them.

>>> Okay, we'll keep an eye out for that.

And you can go to our website, sunup.okstate.edu,

for more information about those fact sheets.

(upbeat music)

 

Benefits of growing canola

>>> To Grant County now,

where we stopped along with producers

on the canola field tour

to learn more about Oklahoma's most colorful crop.

>>> So this is one of my farms,

we're having a canola field day here.

This is variety trial and experimental trial

for Kansas State breeding program

as well as the Oklahoma State University variety trials.

I've partnered with both organizations for years

to have variety trials out on my land

so that we can test and see

what varieties work in different areas of the state.

>>> We have some excellent variety plots to look at this year

and that goes to say with the canola crop itself

in the southern great plains.

>>> It's been a excellent year, it's been a few years

since we came out of winter with this good of moisture.

That really let that canola crop get off and going.

The biggest downside to canola this year is

that we just didn't have the acres that we intended for

at planning time so with the winter canola filters

it's an excellent venue for canola producers

or producers just thinking about growing canola

they get some hands-on experience with the crop.

If they have questions, we have a lot

of state specialists here.

>>> The other good thing about the field day is

it gets us out of our office and looking at our plots

and we see what's going on in the real world.

And get a lot of questions from farmers where

in a meeting setting they may not want to ask

certain questions in front of other people

but you get them in a small group, in a field setting,

we learn a lot as well as the growers.

>>> So I was one of the first 10 guys

that ever grew in this state.

It's been a great tool for rotating with winter wheat,

help clean up the feral ride, the cheats,

all these brome species of grasses,

increases the quality of our wheat,

increases our yield so we still go back

to what this croppers were brought here for originally.

It was a herbicide, I mean it's a growing herbicide,

because we can come in and use different chemistries

to clean up our wheat.

Oklahoma's wheat acres have dropped from eight million

down to four and a half, five million

I'm not even sure where they're at this year,

but we've seen a dramatic loss of wheat acreage.

I think a lot of the reasoning behind that

is because weed control.

We've got all these grassy weeds that are uncontrollable

and conventional wheat systems

that this crop allows you to clean up.

So one of the big issues that back in '02, '03

when I started nobody knew anything so you know

it was a really steep learning curve.

We tried to talk to people in North Dakota, Minnesota,

where they've been growing the crop for years,

we talked with people from Canada where spring canola's

been growing for 40-50 years now.

There was not a correlation between the spring varieties

and the winter varieties and so I went through a,

like I said, a very steep learning curve.

I always tell people I've messed this crop up

anyway that you can think of but I learned from it

and being able to share that with other producers

around the state has been a great benefit,

help them be more successful and spread the crop

throughout the state, just as I said before,

it is drastically needed in Oklahoma.

(spunky music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Wes Lee with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

We continue to be blessed with rainfall this calendar year.

In fact, if we look at the statewide cumulative rainfall

since the first of the year, shown here by the dark line,

and compare it to the long-term average

represented in the blue fill area

we see the state as a whole continues

its four month run ahead of schedule.

Rain this week dropped measurable amounts statewide

and a whopping 5.8 inches at Hulbert

following closely behind was

Mangum with 4.6 inches of rain.

Turning now to soil moisture, we see this week's rain

made a marketable improvement at a few locations

but is worsening quickly in the Panhandle.

The four inch fractional water index on April the 17th

showed dry soil conditions in Kay and Texas Counties

along with slightly dry conditions near Altus

and in the Northwest.

A week later on April the 24th,

the four inch soil moisture is rating (mumbling) Altus

and most of the Northwest counties.

It is also much improved in the north central region,

however, the Panhandle has lost soil moisture

over the week due to limited rain and high winds.

The National Weather Service forecast

for the first week of May shows the wet streak

is likely to continue with above average chances of rain.

Gary will now tell us more about

longer term rainfall patterns.

>>> Thanks Wes and good morning everyone.

Well I don't have US drought monitor map to show you

because we don't have drought in the state,

we don't even have abnormally dry conditions

but that doesn't mean we're out of the woods just yet.

Let's take a look at the Mesonet rainfall maps

and see where we might be in a little bit of trouble.

Now as Wes showed you, we did get a pretty timely rainfall

up across the north central Oklahoma

that alleviated some concerns for that area

even though if you look at the last 30 days

we do see that area still about 50% below normal

but that rainfall we had this week

did stop our concerns there for at least a week or two.

Now the Panhandle however it's getting pretty dry.

We see in the percent of normal rainfall map

that they are less than 25% normal in some areas.

And less than a third percent of normal in all areas.

And we again, we see those dry areas

as we go over to north central and northeast Oklahoma.

Those are our problem areas

and those are the areas that need rainfall.

Now, the saving grace for the panhandle

is some of the previous moisture they received.

If we go to the growing season to date,

the growing season starts on March first,

we see the panhandle,

at least some of it is above normal,

so they do have some reserves of moisture.

They, of course, they do need more.

But then if you go over to northeast Oklahoma

and north central Oklahoma,

centering around Osage County,

that's an area that continues with those deficits.

Again, the timely moisture this past week

did help in that area,

and we were going to ask for abnormally dry conditions

on the drought monitor map,

but that alleviated those concerns.

At least for this week,

and maybe a couple weeks.

Those areas will need some rainfall

in the next couple weeks

to stop from being labeled on the

drought monitor map

so let's hope we get some moisture in here

in those select areas.

(music)

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the

Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist

joins us now.

Kim, you look just a little bit different

than the last time we saw you.

>>> Yeah, I've really enjoyed this left arm

for most of my life,

and I used it well.

And I guess I used it up!

The good news is, that with today's medical technology,

they fixed it.

You give me another six months,

I'm gonna be back and good as new.

>>> [Reporter] That's great to hear.

We're glad you're on the mend.

Well, let's talk about grain prices.

They continue to decline

and harvest forward contract prices are now

below $4.

Let's talk about what's going on.

>>> Well, I'd say grain prices is kind of like

this shoulder.

They're in the tank right now,

but I think there's some potential ahead.

You go back to February,

you could forward contract wheat in Oklahoma

for harvest delivery for $4.90.

This week, it was below $4 - $3.97,

down in the mid $3.95s there.

You look at Russia,

you go back to February,

you know, we were talking about

they were gonna run out of wheat for exports.

They're still exporting wheat.

We talked about their production

for the 1920 marking year

was probably going to be around 2.5 billion bushels.

Well, they're still shipping wheat.

You look at their production,

it's up to around 2.8,

yeah, 2.85 billion bushels.

I mean, the way the weather's going in the Soviet Union,

the way their crop looks,

we may be,

and I think the market's anticipating

our fear of a 3.1 billion bushel crop.

Another one of those.

You look at the value of the dollar on the market,

back in February, a 94.8.

Now it's 97.8, so that makes our wheat

more expensive.

It's came out this week,

Iraq's production's gonna - it's projected

to be higher.

They'll import less.

I mean, you just go around the world,

and the importers of crops look good.

You know, we've talked about competition

exporting out of Romania,

out of Pakistan and other countries like that.

>>> [Reporter] Well, considering all that's happened

in the last couple of months,

is it all adding up?

Is it logical?

That's a big question.

>>> Yes and no.

The big deal is the market has changed.

We've got the black, the impact of the black,

say of Russia, Ukraine,

the impact of increased production

is what we used to call the Third World,

or your importing countries,

increased production in Pakistan, India,

you know record crop in India.

They'll probably be exporting.

The market is changed.

And so, those numbers do add up.

However, they don't add up a minus a dollar

on our crop.

There - I think there's just more going on.

And a problem what may be going on there

is that we're expecting a big crop,

the producers and the merchandisers tell me

they think test wheat's gonna be good.

I think the market may be concerned

about our protein as we come into harvest.

I think possibly protein may be

another key as we come in,

if we got that 12-5 protein,

I think that price may end up increased,

because we gotta have the 12-5 to export it

next year.

If we don't have protein,

then prices will probably stay where they are.

>>> [Reporter] Okay. Kim, thanks a lot.

We'll see ya next time.

(music)

 

Wheat rust update

>>> Oklahoma's wheat crop is really coming along now.

Joining us to talk a little bit about it

is our extension wheat pathologist,

Bob Hunger.

Bob, you and the team have been

out and about around the state.

What are you seeing and hearing this year,

or maybe, not seeing and hearing.

>>> Yeah, I think the not seeing, not hearing,

is the first part I'd like to talk about,

because by this time last several years,

wheat streak mosaic virus had been a big disease

that had been hitting across the state.

And to date, we've gotten a number of samples

in the lab,

but only one of them has been positive

for wheat streak,

and there's been far, far fewer samples.

Last year, I think it was in the 80s somewhere

that we had the last couple years.

And this year, maybe there's been eight or ten.

Samples and only one positive for wheat streak.

So that virus is much less than typical

for the last couple years, and probably that has

a lot to do with the planting date.

The wheat was planted much later,

so there wasn't much time for the curl mites

to infect the wheat.

Barley yellow dwarf, kind of the same thing.

We are starting to see some spots of barley yellow dwarf

scattered around in fields, and there some reports

of aphids, but that has been less, too,

and that's probably been a spring infestation of aphids.

So not gonna be near as damaging as it could be.

>>> What are we seeing, or, again, not seeing,

in terms of rust this year?

>>> Well, the foliar diseases have been a little bit

of an enigma this year, starting with powdery mildew.

I would have expected there to be a lot of powdery mildew

across the state, and there's been very little of that.

We have found it, it's not totally absent,

but it's not been a factor at all as it sometimes can be.

And we've had the right weather for it,

but it just hasn't been there.

Early in the season, far southern Texas,

there was quite a bit of leaf rust, in particular,

but also some stripe rust.

But after reports coming in March,

and maybe very early April, I have not gotten

any reports from Texas about rust continuing to move north

across Texas, so I'm thinking maybe,

for whatever the reasons, it seems to me

they've had fairly wet weather down there as well,

but the inoculum's maybe just not as at high a level

as it has been in other years.

And then what is a bit more puzzling is that

this last week there was a report from Kansas,

not in that first tier of counties across

the Oklahoma-Kansas border, but in the second tier

of counties, they've found fairly widespread leaf rust

and stripe rust in those counties.

Not extremely heavy, but it has been found there.

>>> Last but not least, you and our extension and research

colleagues are doing a lot of traveling this time of year

with field days, so those are coming up, right?

>>> Yeah, the field days got started this week,

and then next week they take off in a big way

through the month of May, especially early parts,

but really, for the whole month.

>>> And I know we all look forward to those.

Well, Bob, good talking to you,

and we'll see you again soon.

Thanks a lot.

And for a link to all the upcoming field days,

just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(optimistic music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> For those cow-calf producers across Oklahoma

that are going to use, or are already using,

artificial insemination during this upcoming

spring breeding season, I think one of the key items

is the timing of that artificial insemination

as compared to when you first see the cow

in standing estrus, or standing heat.

You see, for years we used to talk about

an a.m./p.m. rule, and that is that

if we saw a cow in standing estrus in the morning,

we would breed her that evening,

or if we saw her that evening,

then breed her the following morning.

Much more recent data,

with large numbers in the dairy cattle business

has indicated that it's not necessary to have

those two different times of artificial insemination,

that we can, if we see the cow first in heat

in the morning, we can breed her the following morning,

or if we see her in the evening,

we can, again, breed her in the following morning,

doing all of our artificial insemination in the morning.

Another key reason why I think that's so important

is here in Oklahoma, as we get into May and June,

and start to get into those warmer summer days,

that being able to do artificial insemination

in the cooler times of the day is important

in terms of increasing the percentage of these cattle

that we actually get pregnant

through artificial insemination.

Data done here at OSU, and published back in 2011,

shows us that during the course of the day,

as the hours go into late afternoon,

and the temperatures rise,

that it's actually two to five hours after

the peak of outside temperature that the body temperature

of these cattle reaches their peak.

So, if we've got a hot afternoon, say at four, five o'clock

in the afternoon, the peak of the body temperature

of the cow may be in the early evening

to around 10 o'clock.

That tells me that we want to avoid those times

to do our artificial insemination

because elevated body temperature

will have an adverse affect on fertility.

So again, I think what we want to do

during this upcoming breeding season,

or any breeding season, is to do AI in the morning hours,

if at all possible.

So if we see her in heat this morning,

let's wait until tomorrow morning

when that cow has a chance to have her body temperature

back down to, you know, more normal range

when we actually do insemination.

I think we'll have a higher breeding percentage

and more success with our AI program.

(light acoustic music) 

Hey, we look forward

to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> The April Cattle on Feed report

came out just a couple days ago

and Derrell, were there any big surprises in the report?

>>> Not too big of surprises, although the placements for March

came in a little bit bigger than expected,

about 4.8% higher than last year.

Marketings for the month of March were down about 3.4%.

However, we have to keep in mind that this March

had one less business day compared to a year ago,

so on a daily average basis,

they were actually slightly higher than last year.

Those two things led to an on-feed total for April 1

that was up 2% from one year ago.

>>> So the larger placements, is that gonna cause a problem

as we move on in through the year?

>>> Well, again, I don't know if the trade

will react a little bit negatively to it.

I wouldn't think too much.

You know, we had bigger placements this month.

We had a little bit bigger placements

year-over-year last month.

But the five months prior to that, they were actually down.

So, if you look at the first three months of this year,

placements are just like a half a percent

bigger than last year.

Most of those placements were in

lighter weight cattle, under 700 pounds.

So they're not gonna hit until mid-year and later

for the most part, and so I think we're probably

spreadin' out these cattle enough

to not really have any major problems from it.

>>> I can't believe that we're already in the second quarter

of 2019. 

(Derrell laughs)

Which means that the Q1 numbers came out in there.

Were there any big surprises in those numbers?

>>> You know the April 1st quarterly numbers

in the Cattle on Feed report gives us a breakdown

of steers and heifers, we watch that.

The steers were down for the second quarter in a row.

Steers were down about 1.1% compared to a year ago.

The heifers are above a year ago

and have been for several quarters now.

They were about 7.7% above a year ago.

As you look at these numbers and you look

at the proportion of heifers to steers

in the total mix of things,

it's pretty clear we're slowing down heifer retention.

Heifers as a percent of steers and heifers on feed,

the total is up to about 37%.

That would suggest that we're, again,

we're not keeping as many heifers for breeding.

It's more confirmation that we're

slowing down this herd expansion.

>>> What are you seeing as far as fed cattle prices

in feeder cattle as we move through April?

>>> You know, on the basis of this

supply situation that we have,

we've had some weather disruptions,

fed cattle prices have actually

kind of done a double top this spring.

We had a peak in March.

I thought there was a chance we might come back

and touch it again, and it appears that we have.

We've still got carcass weights lighter than a year ago.

And so, you know, we're extending

this seasonal spring top a little bit.

Feeder cattle, kinda the same story.

We may have peaked in late March,

but we're extending that support.

We've got lots of green grass coming on.

We've got the best forage conditions

we've had in a lotta years.

We have zero drought in Oklahoma right now,

and really in much of the country.

So, good forage conditions.

We're holding good support for these feeder cattle prices

as we go into green grass season.

>>> Okay, thank you much Derrell Peel,

Livestock Marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

 

First responder & livestock

>>> Finally today, we all know the important role

that first responders play in our communities.

And for some emergencies, they're called upon

to rescue livestock, which takes another level of training,

as we found out in Noble County.

>>> So we started this in 2017, and the idea

kind a centered around law enforcement

and getting people more used to

animals and animal agriculture.

A lot of our law enforcement officials

don't come from an agriculture background

or don't come from an animal background,

yet they are exactly who are going to be called

when somebody sees animals loose on the highway.

If there is a disaster,

our first responders are going to be there.

But we can't just assume that they have the skillset

to handle the animals safely and take, you know,

consideration of their behavior into account.

And again, it's directed towards cattle and equine

because of Oklahoma, we're a big horse and cattle state.

And that's our goal, is really just to help

people that don't have that ag background

but are going to be involved, and even for our volunteers

through Oklahoma Medical Reserve Corps.

The people that care about animals

and wanna help during these situations,

well they need to be properly trained

in how to do things safely and effectively.

>>> I think it's important just for the safety of other people

because if you have a little bit of background knowledge

and you go out and understand all of this,

you may save somebody's life on a highway,

or a turned over cattle truck on the road,

or loose animals in a neighborhood.

You're just more informed and better educated

about what to do with 'em and how to handle 'em.

>>> Most people get excited during these scenarios.

Their adrenaline gets up.

That only adds more stress to the animal

who is already stressed, and everybody

is doing things too quickly and fast.

And we really wanna promote the idea

that if you understand animal behavior,

if you know how to do things calmly,

it's actually easier and faster

to get the animals to safety.

Incidences involving animals are frequent

and can happen in Tulsa, in Oklahoma City,

as well as in Woodward, and so we want our public officials

and our first responders and people that volunteer

to have the skillset to be able to help animal agriculture.

>>> [Steven] I'm used to handling animals.

I grew up around animals.

But I thought this was very informative.

It was a great class, and I would recommend it

for anybody to get ahold of their extension departments

or county extension offices and try

to get ahold of some of this information.

 

>>> And that'll do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us any time

on our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

And also follow us on YouTube and our social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone, and remember,

Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(playful acoustic music) 

 

 

 

 

 

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