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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for April 13, 2019

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Scouting for weeds
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Alternative uses for brewer's spent
  • Market Monitor
  • Woods County 4-H Project - Kayla's Kindness

 

(upbeat music)

Scouting for weeds

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We begin today talking about weeds

and Oklahoma's wheat crop.

We're joined today by Misha Manuchehri,

our Extension Weed Specialist,

and Misha why don't we just kinda start off talking about

what you're seeing and hearing around the state.

>>> For the most part, our wheat crop looks pretty good,

We've had some timely rains.

For our weeds, they also look pretty good,

depending on what kind of weed management plans,

if any, that we've implemented,

but we're starting to get a little late to make

some kind of chemical control application and so,

maybe a good time to assess, if you are going to go out,

whether it's worth the investment or not.

>>> So if you're trying to weigh those options,

what's the criteria?

>>> So our winter annual weeds, those that emerged

in the fall, winter, that producing flowers and seeds now,

most of our herbicides don't move well on plants

that are that far along in their growth stage

so just be thinking about what level of control

you're really gonna get and if it's worth the cost

and application of that herbicide.

We're starting to see our spring/summer

annual weeds come up.

There are some things that we can do,

but we have application restrictions for some products.

Some important timings to think about,

jointing for the most part we're past that stage.

Now we're looking at flag leaf for some products

and then also right before Boot stage.

>>> So if you haven't applied, if you missed the window

and things are not looking so great,

is there some advice that you can give growers

who maybe have that scenario?

>>> Yeah, take note of where your problem fields are.

Some of our winter annual grasses are really hard

to identify at the seedling stage,

so if you have that plant that's headed out,

it has a flower, a seed on it,

now would be a great time to identify it,

it's the easiest time to ID plants, send it us,

send it to an extension educator, let's find out what it is

so next year when it's this small, we know what it is

and we can implement a plan.

>>> So the documentation at this stage.

Well as we sort of turned the corner now

and the wheat really takes off toward harvest,

what kind of guidance do you have?

>>> At this point you probably have most

of your applications out so we're hoping for some weather

that's favorable and getting in the field

and hopefully having a successful harvest and then again

just scouting fields, taking good documentation

and maybe if we weren't as timely

as we wanted to be this year, planning for next year.

>>> And speaking of planning, I know a lot of folks

are kinda laying out the plans for summer crops

and it's time now to get ahead for those summer weeds,

what kind of advice do you have?

>>> Fallow weed management is critical

when we think about moisture for that next crop.

We don't want our weeds taking up those resources

so whether you have a fallow period

or maybe you're going straight to a crop like soybeans

and you're moving in with something quick, starting clean is

really important to give your plant that competitive edge.

>>> Great to think about and of course we'll continue

that conversation in the days and weeks ahead

>>> Sounds good. 

>>> Thanks a lot Misha.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Wes Lee with this week's Mesonet weather report.

This past week we saw a few showers

make their way into the state.

The seven day rainfall map shows a nice one inch plus band

through Central Oklahoma and into the far Southeast.

In the driest part of the state, Hollis, Altus, and Mangum

each received about three quarters of an inch.

Looking at the soil moisture situation,

we see that most of the state is still in great shape.

The two inch fractional water index

for April ninth shows mostly 0.9-1.

An index of one would indicate a near saturated soil

while a zero would be at the plant wilting point.

>>> [Wes] Only two sites are below .5, Hollis and Fittstown.

Deeper in the soil at four inches we see a similar trend,

Fittstown looks better but we add Altus and Blackwell

to the list of stations with .5 or lower indexes.

Our deepest moisture sensors are at 24 inches;

however, they are are not located at every site.

Of the sites reporting, none are close

to the .5 index level. This graph shows soil moisture

at 3 depths in Hollis over the past week. We see the

recent rains impacted the 2 inches sensor indicated by

the red line, but didn't make it down to the 4 inch depth

shown with the yellow line. Hopefully, additional rains

will reach this area soon. Gary is up now with more info

on Oklahoma drought and weather.

>>> [Gary] Thanks Wes and good morning everyone. Well, what

a week it's been for weather in Oklahoma. We had summer

return with some heat, some wind, and some fire. Then,

a quick turn around to winter, and then we had a little

bit of rain, so everything looking just about normal

for Oklahoma, right? Well, as usual, let's get right to

the drought monitor, see where we stand. Now, this is before

any of the rain this week has been figured in, but we still

continue with those abnormally dry conditions down in

far south west Oklahoma, dangerously close to going to a

moderate drought, the lowest route category if we don't

see good moisture down there. We look at the rainfall

for this growing season that's March 1 - April 9,

we see that summary is the state that's doing pretty good.

West Central Oklahoma nearly 175% of normal.

The panhandle doing pretty well,

Texas County and Western Cimarron County, but other parts

of the state, especially across eastern Oklahoma,

they're from 50 to 75% of normal. With those deficits,

a couple of things that have been working in our favor

are the lack of sunshine, so a lack of evaporation,

and also, a lack of those really high temperatures.

If you look at these graphs for percent of sunshine

across the state, and also maximum temperatures, you

can see that for most of the first 3 to 4 months

of the year, you can see we've been cloudier than normal,

and also cooler than normal in the afternoons.

And that's pretty important, because again, that keeps

that evaporation down and lessens the stress on the

soil moisture. So, now, we enter the warm season.

The real warm season as we go from to April into May,

and then into June. And that's when the rainfall is

much more important. And that's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Messonate Weather Report.

(Guitar Strum Transition Music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> [Dave] I think we can all agree that it's been a very

interesting weather in early Spring in Oklahoma.

Darrell, how is that impacting cattle prices in Oklahoma?

>>> [Darrell] Well, you know, the market impacts are

a little harder to measure. Producers have had tremendous

challenges this winter. It's been a wet, sloppy winter.

Now, we're trying to have Spring, but you know, this last

week, we had temperatures almost 90 degrees one day and

2 days later, it was a high of 40s. That's hard on animals.

It's from my health management standpoint. We're still

having to feed these animals. We're not quite to green grass

yet, not consistently. And the other thing that that comes

up this time of the year, of course is that wildfire threats

become bigger. And so, we've got lots of wind right now.

Last year, a year ago in April, we had big wildfires

in Western Oklahoma. Of course, we had sever drought

conditions at that time, and we don't have that this

year. So, probably not as much of an issue, but still,

certainly it could be one of our challenges at

this point in time.

>>> [Dave] Now, it... That's Oklahoma. There's also been

some interesting weather north of us. They've had

rain. They've snow. They've had blizzards up in Nebraska,

on into the Midwest. Is that impacting prices?

>>> [Darrell] Well, there are certainly some more noticeable

market impacts. It's also a little challenging to sort

out what's what, but, you know, in a lot of feed lot

country, we've had the adverse conditions. We see that

in our carcass weights. For example, which are well below

a year ago and that's clearly due to the weather.

It's delayed some marketing of cattle. They don't finish

as fast. Productivity has been impacted. In fact,

Kansas Feed Lot, they that tells us that, you know,

the biggest impact is, is a bid of gains. Cattle don't

gain as well, but the bigger impact is feed efficiency

really goes down in this bad weather. So, again, it's

a big cost for producers of those cattle whether it's

a feed lot or out in the country, but there's also

some overall market impacts. And we'll probably see some

of those market impacts here for several more weeks.

>>> [Dave] A lot of people don't necessarily think of that.

They think of the death loss when it comes to cattle.

Is, is is, the death loss playing into the markets at all?

>>> [Darrell] Well again, we don't really know what

the numbers are. We won't know for a while yet,

but when you add up the weather, the winter weather impacts,

plus the flood direct impacts, you know, there'll be

several thousand head of cattle involved. Those are huge

impacts for the producers involved. Are they going to

impact the markets directly in terms of the loss of cattle?

Probably not. As big as that sounds, and as big as it is,

we probably didn't lose that many cattle certainly to the

floods alone, but... And the winter weather losses may have

actually been bigger than the flood losses, but the

two together are going to be a significant number for

those people involved. And it ranges all over the place.

So, it wouldn't really show up as a supply impact because

we had everything from baby calves to potentially some

feed lot cattle involved. So, that's spread out over many

months of market supply, you know, timing.

>>> As far as all that goes,

I mean, it's been - like I said earlier,

it's been an interesting winter and early spring.

Does that change your outlook for 2019 overall?

>>> Well again,

I don't think it makes major changes in our outlook.

We've pulled back beef production just slightly

again these carcass weights through the first quarter,

or below a year ago and

you know,

we'll see how the rest of the year plays out.

Overall cattle numbers again

probably weren't changed that much.

So it hasn't had major impact.

If anything it's made supplies a little tighter

here in the early part of the year.

And probably on an annual basis,

it's gonna boost these markets just slightly

as a result of that.

But uh, no major changes in what we expected.

This is still a year where

beef production is continuing to grow,

but at a slower pace than in previous years

and now

probably even a little less than we earlier expected.

>>> Steady as we go.

>>> That's right.

>>> Okay.

Thank you very much

Darrell Pill livestock marketing specialist.

Here in Oklahoma State University.

(music plays)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> We've finally reached spring time in Oklahoma

and that means to me that calf working time

will be just around the corner.

It usually takes place in May,

after the calves are, for the most part,

one to two months of age.

At calf working time, I think it's critical

that we remind producers to use good Beef Quality

Assurance guidelines when they're giving the injections

that these calves will receive at calf working time.

The Beef Quality Assurance guidelines

really emphasize the concept of location of the injections,

and particularly, giving them in the neck area.

Some of the injections that you might be giving

whether it's Blackleg,

or for some of the respiratory diseases

such as IVR and BVD,

some of them may suggest

that you can give the injection either subcutaneously,

just under the skin,

or intramuscularly,

IM,

where you actually put the injection clear down

into the muscle.

If it gives you that choice, I would strongly recommend

that you consider subcutaneous because

certainly you'll do less damage to the muscle tissue.

If in fact it does say that you must give the injection

IM, or intramuscularly,

let's make sure that we do it in the neck area,

so that we're not damaging tissue in those higher price cuts

that eventually later on will become stakes and roasts,

that our customers and our consumers will consume.

Another part of the Beef Quality Assurance guideline

at calf working time

is to keep a record of the injections that we're giving

and I think this is critical for several reasons.

One of which is that,

those injections may have a withdraw time.

We need to keep track of what date we gave the injection

and what date it is that the is now eligible for that calf

to be sold and gone into the regular markets.

So, having a good set of records,

I think is really really important as part of

the calf working procedure this spring.

If you'd like to learn a little more

about Beef Quality Assurance guidelines,

and some of these things that are really common sense,

but good ideas for producers to use,

go to the SUNUP website.

That's sunup.okstate.edu

we've got a show link there

it's to the Beef Quality Assurance guidelines.

They're used nationally.

It's bqa.org

and that'll give you a lot more information

about the good management practices to use

on the calves this spring,

perhaps cows that you'll treat this summer,

or any calf working, cow working

that you'll do in the future.

Hey, we'll look forward visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's cow calf corner.

 

Alternative uses for brewer’s spent

>>> From the wheat field, to the brewery,

not for a cold one,

but for SUNUP's Ed Barend to show us the

alternative uses for spent brewer's grain.

>>> We started in 2015 just celebrated our fourth anniversary.

We basically like to take quality ingredients

and produce quality beer that the people enjoy drinking.

We extract sugars from the grain,

we steep it like a tea,

we try to pull as many sugars as we possibly can.

From there we basically sift it through a colander

to separate the liquid, which is then called wart,

and that goes into our boil kettle.

And what's left over is what we call spent grain

which is essentially all those grain particles

that are left over.

>>> It's estimated that about 40 millions tons of this waste

is generated every year.

And we don't really have any

great uses for it at this point.

For many years, it was landfilled.

Now, a lot of it is used as animal feed.

We actually got samples from Iron Monk,

right here in Stillwater, of the spent grain.

So we want to make higher value products

from typical waste streams in the food industry.

And this is a known,

pretty large source of food waste.

It is really under-utilized.

>>> So, we've been making

potential snack products using Brewers' Spent Grain.

So far we've come up with three potential products.

>>> Which we thought was a great idea.

It goes in line with what we do anyway,

so they just contacted us, asked if we'd be willing

to offer them some samples of our spent grain.

We of course said yes, and we try to do as much

with the university as we can.

I'm an OSU grad, we've got a couple other OSU alumni’s

on staff here, so any time we can

help the university, we can.

>>> They taste very grainy, but would go good

with a beer in the form of a cracker,

but really not too bad.

>>> They taste pretty good.

At first without any seasoning on it,

it tastes a little malty,

but after playing with the formulations a bit

we were able to come together

on something that sort of accentuates

the multi kind of bitter, sometimes chocolatey flavor.

>>> We eat spent grain all the time.

Our brewer, Sam, actually likes to eat the dog treats

that we sell. (laughs)

It tastes just like bland oatmeal, kind of.

So yeah, I mean, it's a pretty good product

and we do, we eat it pretty much all the time.

>>> The reason for choosing a cracker type of product

is the brewers spent grain actually has

a fair amount of fiber,

lots of protein and minerals also,

and a cracker can really hide that crunchy texture

that you're gonna find in a high fiber product.

>>> I mean there's still a lot of enzymes

in that grain that are still good and useful.

So with us it's a matter of twofold.

One, just from environmental and just a

conscientious human being standpoint,

we want to be able to do better

and to limit our waste a little bit,

and then from a small business standpoint,

if we can somehow create something

that we can market and sell

or just create an extra revenue stream for us

out of a product that would otherwise go in the garbage,

you know, then just kudos to us.

It's all about just trying to maximize

the dollars that we can get out of

the ingredients that we use,

as well as just limiting our carbon footprint

and making less of a harmful impact on the world.

>>> You get the added nutritional benefits,

but still a product that is very palatable for people.

>>> We value the science and what it brings to the table

aside from just beer, so yeah,

we're always excited and happy to be a part of

anything that brings change.

(upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Once again, there's really not been much movement

in the wheat markets, but Kim, really,

that's not the only market that's been kind of stagnant.

>>> Well if you look at current prices

for the state of Oklahoma on wheat,

you've got that current price, cash price at $4.30.

Forward contract at harvest for $4.27.

Not much difference.

Corn, $3.46 right now, $3.70,

slightly a little higher for harvest.

Sorghum: $3.31 at current, $3.55 at harvest.

Soybeans: $7.87.

$8.40 at harvest,

and cotton: $0.71 versus $0.76 at harvest.

>>> We hear those numbers quite a bit,

but there are some forecasts that have come out looking

at a larger range here.

>>> Yeah, if you look at

the Food and Agriculture Policy Research Institute,

they released their 10-year estimate, or projection,

for crop prices.

You look at wheat, now these are U.S. average prices,

average annual prices, the range for the next 10 years,

they had at $5.08

to $5.31.

Corn at $3.53 to $3.83.

Sorghum: $3.37 to $3.50.

Soybeans: $8.78 to $9.09.

Cotton: $64 to $72 per 100 weight.

>>> So with all those numbers,

they don't sound too promising.

How do Oklahoma producers make a profit off of those?

>>> You gotta take these numbers with a grain of salt.

Now, I do believe that's probably the best estimation.

You look out in the future, you know,

you can go back five or six years ago,

they released one

and our wheat prices are up $7.50.

I said, "The floor of the price is down around $4.30."

We know we got below that.

I kind of wrote those estimates off

and they were pretty doggone accurate.

Farmers are gonna need these numbers

as they're making decisions on policy issues,

but right now, you can look at U.S. prices for wheat,

Oklahoma's average price in February was $4.45.

U.S. average was $5.33.

Corn, our price was $3.86, U.S. at $3.60.

Soybeans, they don't give you a U.S. price,

$8.52 was the average, Oklahoma, ours was below $8.00

Cotton, $0.675 and our cotton was above $0.70,

up around $0.74, $0.75.

You gotta take and adjust those prices back to local.

Plus, we know that prices aren't gonna be in a $0.30

or $0.40 price range.

We're gonna have $2.00, $3.00, $4.00.

Soybeans, you think in the next 10 years

we're gonna see $10.00, $12.00, 13 beans?

Of course we are.

You think we're gonna see $8 wheat again?

Yes, we're gonna see $8 wheat again.

But those high prices, relatively high prices,

are gonna be short lived.

What producers are gonna have to do is one,

keep their costs relatively low

while producing a quality product that the market wants

and have some product to sell

when those prices get relatively high.

>>> Produce good quality product and be ready to sell,

pull the trigger when you need to.

>>> And you've got to manage costs.

You know, right now, you look at those prices,

those projected prices are at probably

the average Oklahoma costs per acre,

so right at break even.

So you've got to manage costs, you've got to have,

really need above average yield

and below average production costs.

(upbeat music) 

>>> Okay.

Thank you much.

Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist here

at Oklahoma State University.

 

Woods County 4-H Project – Kayla’s Kindness

>>> Finally, today, we meet the 4H-er

who is using a simple yet effective value

to improve her community, kindness.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair is in Woods County.

>>> [Kurtis] Spring has finally crept into Woods County.

For fifth graders at Lincoln Elementary in Alva,

the arrival of spring is just a signal

summer's around the corner.

>>> [Teacher] So plus, one plus...

>>> [Student] Three. 

>>> [Teacher] Plus three.

And then what, how many numbers are between four and nine?

>>> [Kurtis] But for 10-year-old Kayla Leeper,

school is awesome.

>>> [Teacher] Okay, Kayla,

can you read that? (Kayla reads)

>>> [Kurtis] And the arrival of spring

means the arrival of new born lambs on her family farm.

And she still has more time to continue something

that's changed her family for the good,

her 4H project.

>>> [Kayla] I just like making them smile.

>>> [Mother Terri] It was about two years ago,

and Kayla came up to me and asked me

or told me that she wanted to do something for others,

and I said well, you know, what are you wanting to do?

And she said well, I want to do something kind,

and I want to help people.

>>> [Kurtis] Kayla's mother Terri says she wasn't surprised

Kayla wanted to do a kind gesture.

But it did catch her off guard

when Kayla turned down her suggestion

with an idea of her own.

>>> [Mother Terri] I said okay, well, you know,

we have the nursing homes around here

if you want to do something like that.

No, she wouldn't, she was more interested in helping people

who were in the hospital.

>>> [Kayla] I kind of wanted to start it,

so I can make people in the world happy

and just make them not feel so sad all the time.

>>> [Kurtis] And how she would accomplish that goal

was through a simple yet beautiful idea.

A care package.

>>> [Kayla] I knew that my age, and my mom's age, and my dad's age,

and my sister's age, just people that are my family's age,

are there, and I knew if I was sick,

I wanted someone to just help me

and give me stuff to make me happy.

>>> [Kurtis] Using her own money

along with some family donations,

Kayla bought all the items for the gift bags.

Kayla and Terri drove the three hours

all the way down to the Stevens Cancer Center

in Oklahoma City to deliver the packages.

150 of them.

>>> [Mother Terri] She said you know, I want to do this again next year.

And I said, okay, we'll do it again next year.

So we had a fundraiser,

so our fundraiser was a spaghetti dinner,

and 4H members helped with that.

And we raised quite a bit of money doing that.

The community was fantastic.

>>> Kayla's in her second year delivering packages.

And since she recently joined 4H,

she decided to turn her hospital visits

into a volunteer program for the club,

Kayla's Kindness Project.

>>> We're so proud to have Kayla in the Alva 4H club.

She's a relatively new member

and has hit the ground running and does a great job

and obviously has an outstanding community service project.

>>> And right now, I'm doing kids,

so kids get more toys than adults,

because kids get, I think kids get more bored than adults.

I usually put a squishy or something in there,

a stress ball.

>>> I think my sister's project is awesome.

I'm really proud of her.

There's kids out there that are her age

that have to go through that,

and if our parents went through that,

we'd want somebody to do that.

>>> [Kurtis] It's not hard for the Leeper family to imagine.

And their significance to why Kayla started

with the Stevens Cancer Center.

It's where someone extremely close

to her went for treatment.

Her grandfather Johnny.

>>> Whenever my grandpa went to do treatment,

I came with him a couple of times

and just seeing people that are struggling just,

I didn't really like that.

Some people are just having a bad day,

so I just wanted to brighten up their spirit.

>>> It really makes me proud for both of the girls

to show the compassion and love

that they have for other people.

It makes me just super proud to know

that they are out helping others

or being kind to others, it's authentic.

>>> [Kurtis] So far, Kayla's Kindness Project has added

two more hospitals,

and she's delivered 200 packages this year.

She recently received the Darling Light Volunteer 4H Award,

and even her classmates have jumped on board.

(teacher lectures)

Kayla says she wants to start more kindness projects.

And when she gets older, she wants to be,

not surprisingly, a nurse.

But for now, she'll focus on her packages,

finding the right items for each of them,

and capping each one off with a handwritten note

of encouragement, proving once again

that a little act of kindness goes a long way.

In Woods County, I'm Kurtis Hair.

 

>>> That will do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us anytime

at sunup.okstate.edu (upbeat music)

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat guitar music)

 

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