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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for March 2, 2019

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Farm Bill Update
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Finding the right saddle pad for your horse
  • Market Monitor
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Types of phosphorus fertilizer

 

(upbeat music)

Farm Bill Update

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP, I'm Lyndall Stout.

There were a few steps forward this week

on Farm Bill Programs.

OSU Ag Policy specialist Amy Hagerman gets us up to speed.

>>> Yeah USDA really opened up for the first time

about what the implementationis that they have done so far

and what their plans are going forward.

Now it was a listening session so not a lot of details

but we did get few hints

about where they're at in this process.

For example, the risk management agency spoke

and they talked about changes in crop insurance.

They're already implementing

the multi-county enterprise units

and they're considering how they're going to implement

the programs where you can have a policy for both grazing

and for grain which will be great

for our winter stocker producers this next year.

>>> So a little bit of insight

into what the path forward might be.

You're also kind of having your own listening sessions

and programs starting in Oklahoma,

what are you hearing specifically from Oklahoma producers

and what are they interested in learning more about?

>>> Yeah, I think that these changes

in crop insurance are certainly things

that our Oklahoma producers are interested in.

Crop insurance is well used here in Oklahoma

and it's a really valuable tool for risk management.

We're also really interested in the changes to ARC and PLC

and when we're going to be able

to re-elect into those programs.

It looks like it's gonna be later in the year

than what we might have initially thought,

and that's just based on the timing

of this listening session

and then also the additional steps that need to happen

before we actually get to a sign up date.

However, it's good that producers

are getting the information early on

about what those changes will be

and they'll be able to make decisions later in the year.

>>> So, patience is key, continued patience.

In the meantime what about

crops that are already in the ground?

What do we do in this kinda interim waiting time?

>>> And that's a great question.

We may well be in a position where we're late enough

in the year at sign-ups that we may already have

wheat harvests done, we just don't know yet.

But, producers can have the confidence

that the farm bill is based on

the 2019 to 2023 crop years.

So, whatever decisions they make this year

will retroactively apply to the 2019 crop year.

And the silver lining of that later sign-up date

in this year if there is one

is that they'll have additional information

on what prices have done and they'll have a better idea

of actually which program might work better for them,

ARC or PLC, at least in the 2019 crop year.

>>> With this kind of waiting time,

will there be any gaps in coverage?

>>> It does not appear there will be

any gaps in coverage at this time.

Simply because the farm bill is really designed

around certain crop years

and we had a continuation from the last farm bill

ending with the 2018 crop year

and the new farm bill starting with the 2019 crop year.

When that farm bill was signed into law

we were guaranteed that those programs that have coverage

in the 2019 crop year would move forward.

>>> Now, anything that producers won't see in 2019

that they can kind of start wrapping their head around?

>>> Yeah, I think that's a really good question

because I have had some questions

on the Market Facilitation Program payments

which we talked about on a previous segment last fall.

That's the program that made a payment to make up

for the losses associated with retaliatory tariffs in 2018.

It doesn't appear that we're going to get

a continuation of that program

into the 2019 crop year at this time

even though we haven't had a resolution

in that trade situation, particularly with China.

>>> Okay, and more on that in the weeks ahead of course.

>>> Absolutely.

>>> Okay, Amy, good to see you, and of course keep us posted.

We'll see you again soon.

Thanks a lot. (soft upbeat music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Well, it's your typical Oklahoma weather,

60 degrees one day and freezing the next.

And Darrell, a lot of the Midwest is like this,

so what kind of impacts

is this having on the cattle markets?

>>> You know, we've have a lot of bad weather,

we've got some very deep snow, blizzard conditions

in a lot of areas farther north of Oklahoma

and it is having an impact on cattle and beef markets.

Boxed beef prices have been strong,

in part because we're in the short term here,

squeezing supplies a little bit.

The cattle that are coming to slaughter

are coming in lighter weight.

Cattle obviously are not as productive

in this kind of weather, and in many cases

we're delaying finishing those cattle,

or in some cases we simply just can't

get those cattle to market.

So it's having a short term squeeze on supplies,

and actually boosting prices a little bit

for the time being.

But we'll see impacts of this

that stretch on for several weeks

as the result of this.

>>> So what's the feed lot situation in this type of weather?

>>> From a management standpoint, feed lots have obviously

lots of challenges right now, in some cases

literally just keeping the cattle from being buried in snow.

So, we will probably be hearing about

some additional death loss, I haven't heard much yet

as a result of this latest set of snows.

It'll be coming, but more importantly,

productivity goes down, feed requirements,

nutritional requirements go up, so there's just

lots of challenges.

And, there's some lost production here

that will never be recouped, it's just gone,

when you have to survive these situations.

>>> In Oklahoma we have these days where it's 60 degrees,

and then it's freezing.

How does that effect the Oklahoma producer?

>>> Well it is a real challenge at the cow calf level

out in the country, or the stocker cattle.

Again, nutritional requirements are higher,

the up and down is a real challenge,

it's hard on cattle health and productivity.

Cattle go off feed when they make a change,

so there's just lots of management challenges.

Some producers, obviously producers are dealing

with a lot of mud in many cases,

that's creating lots of challenges.

As well, just getting around and doing what you need to do,

we have some producers right now that have some

big cattle that need to come out of the country,

but they literally can't get them out right now.

And, in other cases we're worried about

having enough hay and other feed resources

to take care of cattle in this kind of weather.

>>> So moving onto wheat pasture, what's the wheat

pasture situation looking like?

>>> You know, it's late February now,

so it's time to be thinking about moving those cattle off.

We've had some reports from the agronomists',

that some of the wheat in southern Oklahoma

is at first hollow stem stage.

So obviously producers need to be monitoring that wheat,

it'll be moving forward farther north across Oklahoma.

Again, we've got wet, sloppy conditions that are some

real challenges, so producers have to sort of

think about what they're gonna do with these cattle,

and figure out a place to do them

if they intent to pull off in time to harvest that wheat.

>>> Alright, thanks Darrel.

Darrel Peel, livestock marketing specialist here

at Oklahoma State University.

(country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> A number of years ago, an experienced rancher

from here in Oklahoma called to tell me of something

that he had discovered as a way to rewarm

severely cold stressed baby calves.

We'd gone through one of those winters with a lot of,

sub-freezing night time temperatures, and a lot of moisture.

And, a number of his calves had been born

in the situation to where when he

found them the next morning,

they where really quite cold.

What he discovered was that the best way that he found to

re-warm that baby calf, was to bring it in,

put it into a wash tub, with about 100

degree water in that wash tub.

And, let that calves' body warm up

over a short period of time in that manner.

Well, nothing for me to do but to look into the

scientific literature to see if there's any real evidence

that this might be a real method that we should consider.

Actually, published back in 1988, some Canadian scientists

did an experiment looking at different ways

of re-warming cold stressed, or hypothermic

baby calves up in Canada.

And, they used that warm water bath as one of the ways

that they rewarmed those calves.

The other method that they used was to wrap the calf

in a thermal blanket, and put it under a heat lamp.

They kept track of the time that it took that

baby calf that had been previously cold stressed,

in fact it's body temperature was clear down to 86 degrees.

They kept track of the amount of time that it took

for that calf to re-warm up to normal,

which in a baby calf is about 103.

For those calves' that they put in that warm water bath,

again I'm talking about a bath

that's about 100 degrees temperature water,

it took those calves right at an hour

to return to normal body temperature.

Those that they put under a thermal blanket

with a heat lamp close by, it took those calves

an hour and a half.

Thirty minutes longer, now the time frame is important

as we know and we've talked about before,

we want to get those calves going vigorous ,

and get some colostrum in them as soon as possible...

But also, these scientists noted

that the amount of energy that was expended

by those calves to get their body temperature back to normal

was quite different between the two groups.

In other words, those calves that were rewarmed

in that water bath, they actually were more vigorous

and more willing to get up and be ready to nurse

the mother than were the calves that had been warmed up

under the heat lamp over a longer period of time.

If you happen to go out and observe and find a baby calf

in a morning time after a really cold night

and that calf is very, very sluggish

and you think that body temperature may be

way below normal, then that warm water bath is an item

that you might wanna consider in order to get that calf

back to being vigorous as soon as possible.

Remember of course, you gotta keep the head above water.

Don't wanna drown the calf that you're trying to save.

And remember, saving that one calf

might be worth another $750 by the time

that he's weaned the following fall.

We look forward to visiting with you again next week

on Sunup's Cow Calf Corner.

 

Finding the right saddle pad for your horse

>>> Talking horses now and the conversation with

two OSU equine experts about saddle pads

and other tack, and ways to ensure a great fit.

>>> So, this is coach Larry Sanchez,

and he is the coach of the women's equestrian team.

So Larry, we wanna talk a little bit.

You have a lot of horses that you have to fit

for the equestrian team.

How do you do that with so many

different types of horses that you have here on campus?

>>> Well, the nature of our program

is that the girls will ride different horses

every day when they come out.

And then we have an inventory of saddles

that have to be pretty universal

for the different sizes and the different fits

that we need to try and manage.

And so, as I buy a saddle, I try to find one

that has enough room through the bars

so that it doesn't pinch the horse's shoulders.

If you have a little bit of room,

you can make some adjustments with the saddle pads

to have a more appropriate fit.

But that leads me to the saddle pad.

One thing that I've found over the years

is that the saddle pads are probably

even more important than the saddle.

Now first, you have to get the saddle

that has the wide enough bars,

but then it's a good quality saddle pad

that I've found keeps away from giving any saddle sores

or creating any hot spots from pressure points

that the saddle could give.

Now, Hogan here has a very prominent wither,

you know, and he's not slender through his shoulders,

but he's a little more slender than,

you know, some of our reining horses,

tend to be a little bit more broad across the shoulder.

And so, when I get a saddle pad, again,

I buy off the shelf, I don't custom order

any saddle pads, I try not to get any that have

padding right here where it would meet their shoulders,

as I would rather them have a little more room

than extra pressure points in those parts.

So, I make sure that the saddle pads are

made of good, sturdy quality material,

and that, when I go to put the pad on,

what I wanna always do is put it on a little bit

in front of where it's going to rest,

and then I like to run it back to where,

pushing it backwards, because that's

the direction of the hair growth.

If you put the saddle pad on the back,

and then you try to slide it forward,

what I've found happens is it folds that hair forward.

Then when you put the saddle on and tighten the girth,

that hair is folded forward, and again,

that is not the natural direction

that that hair wants to grow in, so you can

tend to have some problems with that.

So I'll always stick the saddle pad on a little forward.

It doesn't have to be midway up his neck,

but a little bit in front of the wither,

and then I slide it back to the proper position

where it needs to be.

>>> So, I know a lot of people look for saddle pads

that maybe have that extra padding.

The way I always heard about it,

well, if your shoes are too tight

and you were extra thick socks to make it better,

that's not making it better.

>>> Right.

>>> So, really looking for a saddle

that fits correctly first, and then just a good pad,

good all-around pad, is probably more important.

>>> And we've had a lot of success.

We have many different sizes of horses,

and like Hogan is one of our taller horsemanship horses,

and he has a very prominent wither, like I said earlier,

and I haven't had any issues.

As you can see, there's no white spots

where there's been, you know, hot points

or pressure points over the years.

And I'd like the think that's because of

the saddles that we purchased that are

wide enough across the bars here,

but also, good saddle pads.

So, one of the things that I do is

I tell my team that what they're looking for

is when they adjust the girth,

before they even start to wrap the latigo,

is to make sure that when they pull it across,

that these two D-rings in the center of the girth

are just off center of that off side.

And the reason why I went it just off center

is when you tighten that girth,

it'll move that center of the girth

to the center, right between the front legs.

And as close to the center as you can get it, the better.

And so, you have to go to the off side

and make adjustments sometimes.

If it's too far on one direction or the other,

you either have to take it up or let it down

so that the D-rings end up, when you tighten that girth,

as close to center between those front legs as you can.

So what I'll do is, I pull the cinch strap down here'

I'm gonna go ahead and reach underneath,

and what I'm looking for is, like I said,

that D ring to be just that side of center when it's loose

before I start to tighten that girth or put it on.

This cinch is nice enough to,

where it has a roller right here,

to where it makes it a little easier to pull,

'cause sometimes if the leather's not conditioned

it might be hard for some people to pull.

What I do, is I go ahead and run it through,

and before I draw it tight on the horse,

I go ahead and make a wrap here.

Now I learned that a long time ago

from starting two year olds that have never

been saddled before.

I've seen people, before they wrap it all the way around,

put it down through and then they tug on it,

and it's not really built to where

you can't tighten it if the horse jumps away from

you as a two year old.

So it's just habit for me to get that latigo

all the way through and that way if the horse does jump

or whatever, I can pull and draw that girth tight

and that way if he's jumping around the saddle doesn't

run the risk of sliding over.

>>> Perfect, well thanks Larry for sharing some tips

for how to fit a wide variety of horses.

>>> You're welcome.

(upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson our crop marketing specialist joins us now.

Kim, I understand wheat prices have fallen 70 cents.

The big question, why didn't you see this coming?

>>> Well, I'm dead serious about this.

Anybody that says they can predict prices is lying

through their teeth.

Now one reason I think the market didn't see this coming

is because of lack of information.

The government shut down, we didn't have the commitment

of traders, we didn't have key export information and

we're just now catching up on that information and

as it comes in it was mostly negative and I think

that's why prices fall.

Now good example of that is say in the corn market.

The traders liquidated or sold 124,000 contracts

and nobody knew it.

Or you can look at what's going on in the export markets.

But the key is, is that for Oklahoma wheat producers

it really doesn't matter because 90% of our wheat's

already been sold.

>>> What is the market blaming the price decline on then?

>>> Well one it's that lack of information but two I think

the crop conditions report came out, the seven state,

Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma,

South Dakota and Texas, if you look at the wheat conditions

in those sates, a good excellent 19 versus 18, 45% of

this year's crop is in good excellent.

Last year's 22%.

If you look at poor to very poor, 7% this year is

poor to very poor.

Last year it was 31%, so we got a lot better conditions

for the crop.

Other is a long range 90 day weather forecast.

If you look at that they're predicting average temperature,

slightly above average moisture.

We got good crop conditions plus moisture and temperature,

that means our yields will probably be significantly higher.

Then you can look at the export demand.

Now export demand if you look at it, it's running about

15% behind last year.

USDA is predicting about a 14% decline

so that's right in line.

But I think the markets afraid that with India with

the record crop coming on, and they just increased that

by 2% by the way, that there's going to be wheat on

the market between now and harvest and that's going to

take part of our export demand and that's why prices

are going down I believe.

>>> Well should Oklahoma producers be looking at alternatives

for harvesting wheat then?

>>> Oh I think they always got to look at harvesting,

especially if you're looking at a forward contract

price of around $4.43.

What producers can control are their land labor

management and capitol.

That's what they can control.

They can't control prices so I think they always got

to look at production alternatives to see where they can

generate the most profit from those assets they can control.

>>> Well then what bench prices should producers use

in their calculations?

>>> Well one that I think is relatively good use is

what can you forward contract it for at harvest?

If you look at wheat like we said it's a 1,500 basis,

July contracts for $4.43, of course maybe a little higher

in Oklahoma, little lower around the Enid area.

Corn minus 20 cents off at these contracts, $3.73.

Sorghum at minus 35 basis, $3.58.

Soybean's a minus 90, $8.58.

Cotton, the future's contracted at 73 cents so probably

71 or two in Oklahoma.

And canola, $5.89.

>>> OK, great information Kim, we'll see you next week.

Thanks a lot.

(Upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi!

Wes Lee reporting on yet another cold week in Oklahoma.

This week I thought we would take a look

at the soil temperature situation

and see how it compared from year to year.

On Wednesday the four inch soil temperatures, under sod,

ranged from a low of 34 degrees in the pan handle

to a high of 51 across several stations in the south-east.

If we compare this to a same time one year ago,

we see soil temperatures were mainly in the 40's statewide.

Soil temperatures are about five degrees cooler

on average this year as compared to last,

with the exception of the far south-east

where the last few cold fronts have not reached.

Looking at long-term averages,

the Weatherford station shows us four-inch soil temperatures

are about four degrees below normal for this time of year.

And it looks like more cold weather

is in store for the upcoming week.

The national weather service is giving a near

100 percent probability of colder than normal air.

Next up is Gary with a closer look

at our long-term forecast.

>>> Thanks, Wes and good morning everyone.

Well it was a nice, low run we had there.

On the days where I didn't have to report about drought

and the days you folks didn't have to deal with it.

Unfortunately, as I said before, those days are over.

Let's get right to the new drought monitor map.

See what we have.

And it's just a smidgen of drought.

It covers most of Harmon county,

a little bit of Greer, a little bit of Jackson county,

and again it's from a larger area out to the south and west

of far south-west Oklahoma

and the Texas pan handle that's spreading up this way.

And as we can see, the abnormally dry conditions

also extend all the way up to Harper county

and Beaver county and the northern parts of the state.

Those are the areas we're gonna be keeping our eye on

as we go out and into the future.

And we'll look at the three month outlook.

This is for the March, April, May period

from the climate prediction center.

There is some good news in that area

as far as precipitation goes.

They see increased odds above normal precipitation

across the entire state.

So the nasty, wet part of the year

as well as we get from March, April, May,

into the depths of spring.

That would be good news.

On temperatures, they don't really see any type of

indication of above or below normal

for temperatures or even near normal.

So the equal odds for all.

The precipitation outlook, that shows the good news

that we have coming up for spring.

If it indeed comes true.

So with those outlooks,

the increased odds of about normal precipitation

and the fact that the drought's not too bad

across most the state right now,

the seasonal drought outlook does not see

further drought development from

the current period at least through the end of May.

So that would be good news

that maybe curtails some of this bad news

that we're getting recently.

And with the increased precipitation amounts,

maybe knock some of that drought out

and keep us free through much of spring.

And that's one of the keys is,

we're just now leaving the driest part of the year

and we're starting to enter the wettest part of the year.

March is still fairly dry,

but as we get into April, May, and especially June

that's our prime rainy season.

So hopefully we can get some good precipitation,

good moisture, and stop this drought in its tracks.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet weather report.

(upbeat guitar music)

 

Types of phosphorus fertilizer

>>> In terms of fertilizer sales,

phosphorus fertilizers are our second highest

fertilizer nutrient sold next to nitrogen.

Why is that in Oklahoma when many of our soils

have a phosphorus deficiency?

Or have a low PH which producers are combating

with phosphorus fertilizers?

So as we talk about phosphorus fertilizers

we need to go through the sources,

understand why and where we would choose

one source over another.

The first source we're gonna talk about is

a fairly unused source in Oklahoma,

but still very important.

I use triple superphosphate, TSP,

for all my research in Oklahoma

when I'm looking at phosphorus.

TSP only contains phosphorus.

It has zero nitrogen, 46 percent phosphorus,

and zero potash.

So for me, this is a very good phosphorus source

that I'm doing, P, fertility experiments.

It's also a good source for phosphorus

if you're growing legumes.

So a soybean or alfalfa's, specifically alfalfa's,

and needed a lot of phosphorus,

but no need for any nitrogen

that comes with the other forms.

Now why it isn't very popular source in Oklahoma

is because of this source right here, DAP.

18, 46, 0.

Now this stands for diammonium phosphate.

Whenever we're gonna be applying phosphorus

for 90 percent of the production in Oklahoma,

we're gonna be wanting nitrogen two.

Why choose a product such as TSP which has no nitrogen

and you'd have to add nitrogen in the form of urea

or ammonium sulfate when you can buy diammonium phosphate

and in the same amount of pounds

not just get 46 percent phosphorus

but also get 18 percent nitrogen?

On the other hand, MAP is a source so.

MAP is 11, 52, 0, is a source that you'll commonly find

in the high planes, the pan handle,

and down in the south-western cod production.

Why?

One, it has a higher about of phosphorus

and both those areas are cotton and corn production

which have a higher demand for phosphorus.

So we'll common see DEP, and small grains and wheat

and we'll see MAP, monoammonium phosphate

in our row crop production regions

where they may be strip-tilling it in

or broadcasting it on in front of the planter.

Now another very popular source is ammonium polyphosphate.

Ammonium polyphosphate is a liquid product.

We see AP, ammonium polyphosphate,

primarily used in starter fertilizers

as a starter in corn and sorghum production.

Because you can go in for our order of two-by-two

with this liquid product on a planter,

planters can have a tank

and it's easier to transport and fill than the dry products.

If you have any more questions about phosphorus fertilizers

check out the sunup website at www.sunup.okstate.edu.

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime on our website

sunup.okstate.edu and also follow us

on youtube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone,

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at sunup.

(gentle guitar music)

 

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