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Oklahoma State University
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Phone: (405) 744-4065
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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for November 10, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Farm Bill update
  • Livestock Marketing
  • The benefits of OQBN
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Approaches to immobile nutrient management
  • Market Monitor
  • Choosing the right firewood
  • Food Whys

 

Farm Bill update

- Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

With the midterm elections behind us,

we wanna dive right into the latest

on the farm bill today, we're joined by

Amy Hagerman, our Extension Ag Policy Specialist,

and Amy, it's been quite a week!

>>> It has been, the midterm elections were always

a big milestone for us in terms of farm bill discussions.

And so we've been watching these midterms very carefully

to see if we would have a change in control

in the house leadership, and we did in fact

have that move over, so the Democrats will be the majority

in the House of Representatives now.

The Senate is still maintained with the Republicans,

as the majority there, and so this is going to create

a very different dynamic for us in terms of

farm bill discussions.

There hasn't been a democratically

controlled house since 2010, and even in the last

farm bill election, we did have this split,

where we had a different majority in the Senate and house.

So it could be interesting as we go forward

in these discussions.

>>> No doubt that it will be, but what do we need

to think about between now and the end of the year,

or end of early next year?

What kind of things are you hearing, seeing,

and talking with some of your peers and colleagues about?

>>> Yeah, so a lot of the question is would we continue

with the farm bill that is already under discussion

in the Reconciliation Committee, or would some sort

of new farm bill be discussed?

The four primary movers in the Senate and the House Ag

Committees have all continued to state their support

of having a farm bill in 2018, and this is really good news

for our farmers here in the country.

We've also had several farm groups that have come

back in response to this election, and continued

to urge those members to move forward with the farm bill.

So we still have quite a few steps to get to a farm bill,

but historically, once a bill has come out of conference,

it could move pretty fast through those last steps.

>>> So as we wait for all of that, what kind of advice

are you giving to Oklahoma producers in the meantime?

What kind of things do they need to be aware of?

>>> Yeah, and it's really important to recognize

that although we are under a farm bill that has expired now,

the 2014 farm bill, and we're waiting

for the 2018 farm bill, we still have deadlines coming up.

There are still activities happening, so don't lose sight

of those deadlines and miss out on those opportunities.

We have the EQIP program signups that are happening

on November 15th, we also have the signups for

the Livestock Forage Program that happen on November 15th,

and you have to have your pasture acreage reports

in for that, and don't forget Seed Cotton by December 7th.

So as long as people are continuing to keep their eye

on those deadlines, I think that they'll be in good shape,

and then we just have to wait

for the new farm bill to arrive.

>>> Okay, great perspective, and no doubt,

we'll see you again soon.

>>> Absolutely, thank you.

>>> Thanks a lot, Amy.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> We're here at the OKC West Cell Barn in El Reno,

and Derrell, this is one of the busiest times of the year

for cattle auctions, isn't it?

>>> It really is, we normally have a big fall run,

I expect that we'll see our biggest numbers

on a weekly basis in Oklahoma, either this week,

or next week, but it's a big time of the year for us.

>>> Now usually, this time of year is the lowest

you're going to get for cattle prices.

Is it true this year?

>>> Well, it's been a little bit different this year,

the seasonal run usually pushes prices to a seasonal low

in late October, early November.

Because we've got lots of wheat pasture coming on,

there's been lots of demand for stocker cattle,

and we've actually held theses prices pretty close

to sort of level, it's been a little bit volatile,

up and down, but not as much seasonal pressure

as we might see some years.

>>> And around this time of year is when

our OQBN sales are going on, how are those going so far?

>>> You know, we're actually here today

for the second one of those sales, we had the first one

a week or so ago, we've got several more to go,

so it's a good time of the year.

We've had some challenges with weather, and wet, sloppy

conditions, so animal health is at a premium right now,

and these OQBN calves are good calves to look at

to minimize some of those health problems.

>>> You mentioned challenges,

wheat pastures had some challenges.

What's going on in that area?

>>> You know, most years in Oklahoma

this time of the year, we're getting some wheat pasture,

we're not quite sure how much we're gonna have

so we're worried about overstocking it.

This year, we've had so much moisture,

we've got lots of wheat pasture coming.

It's been too wet to turn out on,

so we're waiting for the fields to dry up a little bit.

I suspect in the next week, week to two weeks we'll see

a lot of cattle turned out on wheat.

And so that's why there's still lots of demand

for these stocker cattle this year.

>>> Alrighty, thanks Cyril.

Now here's our extension Ag-economist Kellie Raper

with some more details about the OQBN cattles sales.

 

The benefits of OQBN

>>> So today, this our second OQBN sale of this season.

We're here at OKC West.

But there'll be a good run of calves today.

The numbers have been very good.

We actually saw a drop during the drop period,

as you would expect, but we are back up to peak numbers.

I believe last year...

I believe we're at the highest numbers that we had seen.

So the last two years have been up

around that 10,000 mark in terms of number of calves

coming through the program.

And given the way that prices are holding this season,

I suspect that we will see good premiums

for those calves because of the health management practices

that have been implemented with those calves.

I think buyers are gonna be very interested in them

to kind of get around some of the health issues

that we might have otherwise.

>>> For a lot of years, we just sold our calves

right off the cows at the local sale barns

and a couple years I wasn't really satisfied

with the way that went.

I was looking for a new direction.

And so we started weaning our calves

and giving the health protocol on them

and it's just worked out better for us.

We're a small outfit, but we try to keep our quality up

and anything that we can do to get a premium

for that quality, for the work that we do,

then that's what we...

And this has been a great program for us.

>>> We collect data at the OQBN sales

so we can get a good comparison

of how these calves perform in terms of price

relative to other calves that have not had

those preconditioning practices applied.

And our data from the past and data so far this year

indicates that there are solid premiums

for those practices and so there's opportunity for buyers

to get quality calves,

there's opportunity for sellers

to be paid for the practices

that they're implementing on the ranch.

>>> [Ron] A lot of 'em liked our calves

because of the health protocol

that we do and the quality of them.

And last year, I was watching the sale on the internet

and the auctioneer commented about my genetics

and on our cattle and everything.

>>> [Kellie] So for this sale season,

we've got eight sales scheduled.

The first was last week in Woodward,

we'll have another one in Woodward later in the season,

but we've got eight total.

We've got McAlester, Blackwell,

couple at Woodward, couple here at OKC West.

We do one in conjunction

with Noble Research Institute as well.

>>> It's a great program, I highly recommend it.

It's been really good to us and our small operation

and I'm just well pleased,

and that's the reason I keep coming back year after year.

(upbeat country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> We're just a few weeks away

from the start of the breeding season

for those herds here in Oklahoma

that have fall calving herds.

That means we've just got a little bit of time

to make sure that the bull battery

that we're going to use that breeding season

is ready to go.

I think it's important that we have breeding soundness

exams done on those bulls that we're gonna turn out

with the cows here at Thanksgiving

or around the first of December.

This gives us time that if any of those bulls

fails that breeding soundness exam,

that we can go to one of the local production sales

and purchase a replacement bull

to take the place of that one that failed

the breeding soundness exam.

One of the key questions that we always get

is how many bulls do I need for x number of cows?

There's always been kind of a standard rule of thumb

that people use is one bull to 25 cows,

and that's okay if we've got a adult bull,

one that's at least two years of age or older

that we know something about

as we turn him into the cow herd

in this upcoming breeding season.

But, if we're using something like one of these

yearling bulls, one that was born last fall,

then I think the rule of thumb

that we are going to need for that young bull

is the same number of cows matching his age in months.

So if he's only 12, 13, 14 months of age,

that's the maximum number of cows

that I'd want to mate to that young bull.

If we've got a spring-born calf,

one that's now going to be close to 18 months of age,

then that's a pretty good rule of thumb

for that young bull that's a year and a half in age.

And then like we said, once we get up to those

that are going to be 24 months of age or older,

then we can get up to that 24, 25 cows per bull.

Certainly there are bulls that we've used in the past,

and we know how good of a job that they do.

They pass a breeding soundness exam,

then maybe we can stretch that out,

just a little bit, to 30 to 35 cows per bull,

but only if we have some past history

of that particular individual.

I hope that gives you some idea as the preparation

that we need to take care of

so that the bull battery that we're going

to use this fall will do the job

so we get a high percentage

of those cows bred early in the breeding season,

and therefore a high percentage calf crop coming next fall.

Hey, we look forward to visiting

with you next week on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

(lighthearted guitar music)

 

Mestonet Weather

>>> Welcome to your weekly Mesonet Weather Report.

About a month ago, I visited with you on SUNUP

about drying conditions for Oklahoma farms and ranches.

Today, the same issue continues

to be the most prevalent problem facing agriculture.

It has been hard lately

to string together a couple of weeks of drying conditions

without additional rainfall.

This map from November 6th

shows just how many days it has been

since receiving one tenth of an inch of rain.

The northwest quarter of the state

might be able to perform field work,

but in the rest of the state, it is probably still too wet.

One of the biggest factors contributing

to drying conditions is sunlight.

If you think sunlight has been lacking lately,

you would be correct.

The departure of sunlight from normal in September

shows just how cloudy it has been.

The average sunlight was reduced across the entire state

by as much as 30 percent in central regions.

Things did not get much better in October

where again, we see the sun's rays were blocked statewide

by as much as 27 percent in Stevens County.

The states first hard freeze, cooler temperatures,

and additional chances of rain

make delays in finishing cotton

and soybean harvest inevitable.

Now, here's Gary with more information

on the state's weather conditions.

>>> Thanks Wes, and good morning, everyone.

Well, we don't see any big changes this week

on the US drought monitor map

so I'm gonna skip right past that.

And I'm gonna show you some rainfall maps from the Mesonet

since the beginning of the water year on October 1st.

The dark green colors and the nice numbers

across much of the state show we're really

in no way compared to last year,

at least as far as the danger of drought developing.

So across western Oklahoma and down into south central

and then the southeastern,

and even up in the north central Oklahoma,

we have wide ranging values from six

to more than 10 inches.

And then, we go to the departure from normal rainfall map.

And those good dark blue and dark green colors

show those areas where we're above normal

and actually much above normal.

The only area of note with deficits

would be across the eastern portions Oklahoma City,

Metro Area, up into the northeastern portions

of the state into the Tulsa area.

Those are the areas that haven't received the good rains,

and those are also the areas

where the drought and the dry conditions still exist.

So those areas need rain, but again,

compared to last year, we're doing pretty good.

Now, let's go onto the USDA's maps

for pasture and range land conditions

and also top soil conditions.

We see Oklahoma with 61 percent in the good

to very good condition for pasture and range land.

That's pretty normal for the region,

at least compared to Kansas, Texas, and Arkansas.

Much better than our neighbors to the west,

and also Missouri, where drought conditions

are still a little bit worse than ours.

Now, for the extent of top soil that's rated

in either the short or very short moisture,

we see Oklahoma, the best in the region,

with only one percent.

We're looking pretty good in moisture

and the pasture and range lands conditions

and also, the soil moisture.

The one area we'd need to improve

would be rainfall up in northeast Oklahoma.

Start to tamper down a little bit

on that last remaining bit of drought and dry conditions.

Hopefully, we can see a little bit of that this week

and make some changes next week.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(lighthearted guitar music)

 

Approaches to immobile nutrient management

>>> When making nutrient recommendations

for immobile nutrients such as phosphorus and potassium,

there are three general approaches

for where we get the rates from.

First is the sufficiency approach.

The sufficiency approach, I like to say,

is we are fertilizing the plant.

It is only based upon the soil test

and not based upon yield.

Maintenance approach is an approach that is used

in higher yielding environments

where whatever has been removed from the previous crop

is replaced, we're maintaining the soil levels.

I call this fertilizing the soil.

Buildup is an approach that has been taken

especially when fertilizer prices are low,

we apply so much fertilizer to the soil

that we slowly increase those soil test levels

up to a point which is 100% sufficient.

Now in most scenarios,

I don't recommend the buildup.

Maintenance however,

just for example,

if we're looking at wheat,

a 40 bushel wheat crop removes 20 pounds.

An 80 bushel wheat crop is gonna

remove 40 pounds of phosphorus,

and 120 for the high-yielded, irrigated locations,

you're removing 60.

Now if we use the normal Oklahoma starter,

a lot of producers in Oklahoma are going to put

anywhere between 50 and 75 pounds of 18-46-0

into their drills with the seed,

they're actually applying 34 pounds.

So if you put on that starter

and you're growing a 40 bushel crop,

you're applying more than that crops removing

and you will build your soil test.

However, if you're able to grow an 80 bushel crop,

you're going to remove slightly more than you apply

and potentially over time

that soil test goes down.

We don't typically see decreasing soil tests however

in a wheat system.

Where we get decreasing soil tests

is when we start bringing in corn and soybean.

So if we look at a corn crop,

100 bushel corn crop is going to remove 38 bushel.

And we start getting into the good irrigated corns

and good dry land corn.

You think 100 bushel corn,

a 200 bushel corn crop is gonna remove 76 pounds.

That's a lot of phosphorous.

Up in the Great Plains on the irrigated corn,

in the Panhandle where they're growing 240-250,

you're removing very close to,

not quite, almost 100 pounds of phosphorous.

You remove 100 pounds every year,

consistently over time,

you will deplete the soil system.

On soybean, our K levels, if you're growing a 30 bushel

soybean crop, so 30 BPA,

you're gonna remove approximately 24 pounds.

And a 60 bushel crop

removes 48 pounds of phosphorous.

So I go back on this critical level,

I look I talk to producers and said

okay Brian do I run sufficiency or maintenance?

It's all about your yields.

Are you at a yield level where

you're annually removing more

then you put on based upon sufficiency?

Then we need to start considering replacement.

And those are those locations

that have a corn, soybean,

wheat rotation with consistently high yields.

If you're in a continuous wheat rotation

or continuous wheat system,

more than likely the sufficiency recommendation

is always going to be your best bet

because it's gonna get you

the biggest bang for your buck.

For more information about

sufficiency versus build-up and maintenance,

check out the SUNUP website at

sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat folk music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Well the WASDE came out back on Thursday.

And Kim was there any earth shaking news

in the WASDE report?

>>> I don't think there was any earth shaking news.

There was some news.

You look at the world on wheat,

Australia, Ukraine, Pakistan, all lower production

exporting countries that we've talked about

that in the past.

No change in Russian wheat production.

We'd like to see that go down,

but you know we'll take steady.

However, there was increased production

in other minor countries

which had a total increase in world production

and slightly higher world ending stocks.

That's not good news.

Essentially no change in the U.S. wheat,

slightly lower exports, but for the most part

just not much change in the U.S.

You look at corn on U.S.

They lowered corn production and ending stocks,

lowered that from 1.8 billion to 1.74 billion bushels.

Soybeans just more bad news for that.

They did lower the yields just a little bit

but they also lowered exports

and they increased soybean ending stocks

from 885 million bushels to 955 million.

So if you had to grade it,

you'd say marginally negative news

for essentially all markets.

>>> Now back to wheat,

we really haven't seen much movement

in the price of wheat here lately.

Is that seasonal or what's playing into that?

>>> Well it's just the weak export markets,

we've talked about it, we just don't have

the export demand that we've had in the past.

You go back to mid August, September,

since that time range

we've lost a $1.15 on the board,

we lost another $0.15 cent on the bases.

You look at that KC December contract,

it's wallowing around between $4.85 and $5.10

and just not much movement there.

And you know that slightly lower $0.15 basis

I think that's not good news

but it's getting back to where we had expected to be.

You can look at forward contracting wheat

for 19 delivery.

The basis is about a minus 40 cents

and you're looking around $5.00,

$5.00 to the nickel for that.

>>> What are the other commodities that's kinda been

close to well, moves with wheat in the past has been corn,

where are we with corn?

>>> Well, I think corn and wheat,

they may be moving together a little bit,

but mostly I believe they're divorced right now.

You look at corn on that Futures Contract,

it's been trading between 3.43, 3.75 low,

relatively low there.

You look at the support at 3.40

so if it goes below that, it'll go down.

Resistance at 3.85, it's just wallowing around.

The did lower you know, the harvest just a little bit.

I think that's positive

and so we could see that coming out.

>>> Earlier you talked about

the lower expectations for soy beans.

What's that do for prices?

>>> Well, I mean there's just not good news for soy beans

and soy bean prices have been moving sideways.

I think about all the negative news.

We did get some news this week

that China may be able to back off imports

for Brazil to get their second crop in there

and that would be even less demand.

USDA's talking about the export demand for U.S. beans.

Rather than being like China normally buys up front,

China's not buying but other countries are,

so it's gonna be spread throughout the years

which means our prices are just wallow around

and maybe start inching them way up,

but just not much news in the soy bean market.

>>> Okay, thank you much.

Kim Anderson, Gray Marketing Specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Choosing the right firewood

>>> As we move into the winter months,

and start thinking about fireplaces and wood stoves,

we wanted to learn more about the types of wood

that you see in Oklahoma.

From Salim Hiziroglu, the university's

wood product specialist.

(chainsaw buzzing)

>>> So we are simply dealing with the density of wood.

Higher density species is going to last

longer period of time when you burn it.

However, you know, the low density species as I said,

soft wood species will burn easily.

Species-wise you know the black locust or the Osage orange,

they are pretty hard tough material

when you put in your fireplace in the dry condition,

I mean, they do not feel wet.

It's gonna last long long time

and you will be able to create quite a bit heating value.

Cottonwood, it is hardwood species,

but it is not physically hard.

So when we say softwood, we are simply talking about

the evergreen species,

but if you burn a piece of eastern red cedar

or the softwood such as the pine,

you know, it's not gonna last long period of time

so you have to feed the old fireplace

or wherever you are burning all the time.

Of course also smoke is the problem.

In eastern red cedar we have some oil in the wood.

Oil is going to make you know, the different aroma,

the different incense in the way that the smoke

is going to be different than other species.

This is in any case no matter what kind of wood

you are burning you will simply you know,

they'll leave some residual material in the chimney.

It could be slightly higher in the case of the softwood

such as eastern red cedar or the pine

because of the resin content

because of extracted content in the wood,

but I don't believe it's a significant issue

in terms of the, you know, the real damage in the chimney

or in the long run if you burn real long period of time

no matter what type of wood you are burning

and if you do not maintain your chimney,

possible you may have some kind of problem there, sure.

When you harvest a tree, let's say there's a tree here

either softwood or hardwood.

When you harvest it, that tree could have

depending on the time of the year you're harvested

could have 40, 50, 60% moisture content.

What I would suggest when you cut the firewood

put in a kind of shed, try to protect from the rain.

For typical firewood, 20-25% moisture content

should be sufficient.

See, six months is plenty of time.

Again, if you have a real large chunk of oak,

it may take maybe longer time,

but softwood is gonna dry, low density is going to dry

much faster than hardwood depending the size,

depending on the season,

but yeah it is just you know, common sense.

Six months should be plenty of time to dry wood.

(upbeat music)

 

Food Whys

>>> Sometimes people will use the terms

milk allergies or lactose intolerance interchangeably

and while they're similar, it's important to remember

that they're actually very different.

They both fall under the category

of what's known as food sensitivities.

This means that there are specific individuals

that will suffer some type of adverse health consequence

from consuming foods that contain either milk

or some milk component.

However, they're different in two important ways.

The first is what causes the adverse response.

For a person that's allergic to milk,

it's the protein that causes the reaction

and it doesn't take much

to cause severe illness or even death.

However for someone that is lactose intolerant,

it's the lactose, or in other words the sugar,

that's responsible for the adverse response.

Typical symptoms for lactose intolerance

include severe gastrointestinal stress.

An allergic reaction to milk

occurs when there's an immunological response

to the milk protein in the body of the person

that suffers from the milk allergy.

This can occur from consuming milk directly

or consuming foods that contain milk derived proteins.

Lactose intolerance is an inability

to digest the lactose in milk.

So, by being aware of how milk allergies

and lactose intolerance are similar and different,

hopefully we can help keep people

who suffer from these conditions safe.

For more information, go to fabc.biz or sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat music)

 

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