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Transcript for September 8, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Talking wheat disease
  • Market Monitor
  • Cotton reclassification information
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Switching from wheat to cotton
  • Cotton Update
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Treating winter weeds
  • Vet Script


(light guitar music)


>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We're continuing to visit county fairs around Oklahoma

and this week, we've stopped in Okmulgee county

where the fair's been going on for more than 100 years now.

Organizers, of course, are busy getting ready

for a fun week of exhibits and competition

and of course lots of visitors.

Meantime, we're talking about wheat

and how your planting dates can impact the potential

for diseases in your crop.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair caught up

with our extension wheat pathologist Bob Hunger

to learn more.


Talking wheat disease

>>> If your television screens are looking a little purple,

that's completely normal

because we are in the wheat and soils lab

with extension wheat pathologist Bob Hunger

and Bob, tell us a little bit

about what you have going on here.

>>> Well this lab, as you said our soils lab,

it's our dirty lab where we work

with the samples we bring in,

it's where we grow plants

and that's why we have these growth lights in here.

Behind me over here are some plants

that are just about fully mature

that we've been able to grow through the summer

in this cool condition

but then we also have the lights to develop them.

And then closer here are some plants that we're growing now,

actually I'm growing these for use

in a class that I teach, Host Plant Resistance,

and we also have some plants up front here

that you can see are infected with powdery mildew.

And in this lab, we grow these

so that we have some of that inoculum we use

to test the breeding lines

as we go through the coming winter.

>>> Yeah, and it's kind of hard to believe

that wheat planting is already right around the corner.

For those producers who are trying to take

and manage a dual purpose,

what's some of the optimum dates

that they need to start thinking about

to take advantage of that?

>>> Well as Dr. Marburger mentioned a week or so ago,

the optimum time for a dual purpose wheat planting of that

is around mid-September.

For grain only, it's about a month later in mid-October.

And that planting date is very important for the wheat plant

but it also has a huge impact on the wheat diseases

that can occur.

That earlier planting date allows there to be much more time

for disease to infect the plants,

but if you have that month

or six weeks longer period of time,

it's much more likely that you'll get that infection.

>>> So how about the rain fall?

Some parts of the state have seen a lot of rain fall

and some parts of the state haven't really seen that much.

How does rain fall factor in with wheat disease

with those early planting dates?

>>> Well it affects it by affecting the planting date.

Most producers won't plant until they have the soil moisture

to support the plants

and of course they're gonna have the soil moisture now

once it dries out well enough

that they can get into the field,

so that soil moisture will be there.

Then they tend to get antsy and wanna get the wheat planted

and so then you tend to have an earlier planting date.

>>> And there's some measures that producers can take

to kind of minimize the effect

in regards to the seed, right?

>>> Sure.

Not so much with the wheat streak mosaic virus

and those mite-transmitted viruses,

but the planting date, like I say,

if you plant later that leaves a much shorter time

for those infections to occur

and that can also affect the root rots a little bit, too,

that planting date.

Now seed treatments can help some, as well.

Not with wheat streak mosaic virus

but with the aphid-transmitted barley yellow dwarf

because the seed treatment will help keep the plants

free of aphids for at least several weeks

up to maybe a month,

and then it can also help with the root rots

if it has a fungicide in it

because that fungicide can suppress

some of the early season root rots

that can infect the plants then.

>>> In regards to the seed treatments,

you have a current fact sheet report out.

>>> Yeah there's a current report, 7088.

It talks about the effect of planting date

on the different wheat diseases,

on the root rots, and on these viruses,

barley yellow dwarf and the mite-transmitted viruses.

That's available through the extension system here at OSU.

>>> Alright, thanks Bob.

If you would like a link to that fact sheet,

go to our website


Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist,

joins us now.

Kim, corn, sorghum, and beans, relatively stable.

Wheat, not so much.

Let's start with that first group.

>>> Well the corn prices, you look around Oklahoma,

are around $3.40 a bushel.

Go out to the Panhandle, around $3.75.

Now, milo's a little lower than the corn,

$3.25, both in the panhandle and around the state of

Oklahoma, and soybeans is really in the tank,

somewhere around $7.40 a bushel.

>>> [Interviewer] What are you price expectations for

corn, sorghum, and beans?

>>> Well, if you look at corn, it's the second-highest

corn production on record for both the United States

and the world, but you've got record corn

consumption in the US and around the world,

and actually projecting lower ending stocks as we get out.

So, I think there's some potential for higher corn pricing.

You look at milo, that's just gonna follow the corn prices,

so some potential there for milo too,

but soybeans, soybeans is in the tank.

You've got record US soybean production, got record

world soybean production, you do have record

world consumption of soybeans,

which you've still got record ending stocks projected.

So, I don't think there's much hope for soybean prices

right now, and of course you've got the China trade tiff,

that I call it, my worry about the Chinese deal is like,

you go back into the '70s when President Nixon

put on the price freeze, everybody held their commodities

until those prices came off the freeze,

anticipating higher prices, they went in the tank.

I'm afraid people are gonna hold their soybeans,

our farmers will hold the soybeans,

the Chinese deal are gonna have some agreement with US,

and then everybody's gonna sell their beans,

and prices are going lower.

So, I'm really skeptical about higher soybean prices,

but I'm semi-positive for corn and milo.

>>> Now, wheat, I understand has really taken a beating in

recently, what's going on there?

>>> Well, it's just reacting to what's going on in Russia.

One week they're gonna limit exports, the next day

they're not gonna limit exports,

you get 25 to 50 cent price moves just on that.

I think until we get some stability there, I look at

the supply and demand situation, I'm positive

for higher wheat prices.

>>> Finally, you and our friends at Ag Economics

have a new colleague.

>>> Yes, Dr. Amy Hagerman, she comes to us from USDN.

I think she's gonna be a good addition to our

department for our policy specialist.

>>> Great, and we want to welcome her to SUNUP this week

as well, to explain some changes with how the USDA

is classifying cotton.


Cotton reclassification information

>>> Yeah, so there are some important changes that happened

with the bipartisan Budget Act of 2018

that are important for our cotton producers in Oklahoma.

Historically, cotton has had generic based acres,

or at least in the 2014 Farm Bill.

That's actually going to go away,

and now they're either going to have seed cotton acres,

which is cotton with both the lint

and the seed unginned cotton,

or it's going to become unassigned base.

So producers have some important upcoming deadlines

that they're going to need to meet for

transforming their generic base into seed cotton base,

other crop's base, or unassigned base.

If they don't elect to make one of these selections,

then they're gonna fall in to the default

for either an ARC or PLC election,

so if they choose not to take action

between now and December 7th, they are going to have

their generic base broken into 80 percent seed cotton,

20 percent unassigned, which is not eligible

for payments, and they will go to the default of PLC.

So, if they'd like to have their choice,

if they'd like to make a choice between ARC and PLC,

and perhaps to have a choice of how they would like

those acres to be broken up,

now is the time for them to act.

They have until September 28th to make the first contact

with their county FSA office to start determining

how they're going to rollover those generic acres,

but they have until December 7th to sign their contracts.

So, they've got plenty of time to get in and talk

to their FSA agent, but it's never too late to start.

So, this is gonna primarily impact the coming crop year.

As of right now, we don't know of anything in the talks

around the Farm Bill that would say producers

could change that acreage election when they

change their base acres in the next Farm Bill.

So, for right now, producers need to assume

that whatever choice they make in terms of breaking up

their acreage, is going to be a permanent decision.

Once we have a Farm Bill, a 2018 Farm Bill,

then we'll know more if they'll be able to make

some adjustments in their base acres

for different commodities.

This is nationwide, so every cotton producer

in the country is going to be making this decision,

in this timeframe, but generic acres

are completely going away, so it's all going to go

into some other commodity, whether that's seed cotton,

wheat for example in Oklahoma, might be a common choice,

or into unassigned.

And that means that there are going to be resources

available from all over the country as producers

make these decisions.

There is no telling what will happen in the next

Farm Bill, we don't know what will

come out related to cotton.

Based on the provisions in the Bi-Partisan Budget Act,

however, this is going to be

a permanent decision

in terms of producers making decisions

on their seed cotton acres.



Mesonet Weather

>>> Hello, Wes Lee here

with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

The arrival of September

has seen the impact of tropical moisture

that delivered to us some impressive rain amounts.

The three day rainfall map for September the fifth,

shows almost the entire state received rainfall.

The central part of the state

received the highest totals

with over three inches recorded

in parts of Jefferson, Stevens,

McClain and Osage Counties.

CoCoRaHs, a citizen reported rainfall system,

indicated that parts of Cleveland County, near Noble,

received over five and a half inches

during the same period of time.

There is now adequate shallow soil moisture

for germination over most of the state

as indicated in this September fourth map

of four inch fractional soil moisture.

Here, a one indicates the soil is fully saturated

at the censure depth.

This much needed rain and the cooler weather

associated with it, has also lowered soil temperatures

to a range more suitable for wheat germination.

Seeds planted into soil with temperatures

above 85 degrees fahrenheit

may result in delayed germination.

On September fifth the one P.M. soil temperatures

were mostly in the high 70's and low 80's

over most of the major wheat growing region.

I expect wheat planning for forage

will begin in earnest as soon as soils are dry enough.

Now Gary is here to discuss more

on the long term moisture situation.

>>> Thanks Wes and good morning everyone.

Well we've gotten more good rains across the state,

at least most the state,

and so we've had more drought removal.

The drought map is looking better and better each week.

Let's take a look at this week's map

and see where we're at.

As you can see a large swath of that good

white color from the panhandle all the down through

far Southeast Oklahoma

up into East Central Oklahoma.

We still have those two core areas of drought

however, in Southwest Oklahoma.

So there are the two areas where we need

some really focused rainfall

to knock out this drought once and for all

across the entire state.

If we look at the rains over the last 60 days

we see lots of great orange and red colors

on the Mesonet map.

The greens and yellows, light oranges,

those are the places where we need rainfall

to help knock out this drought.

We can see that is obviously

across Southeast Oklahoma.

Again that area in the central panhandle looks pretty bad.

It's still almost 150 percent, so,

not bad out there but we see those areas with yellows,

but we those areas with the lighter colors

so down in the Southwest.

Those are the areas that we need rainfall

and we need it to relieve that drought

so we can have a completely drought free map

by the time we get to

Fall and planting season.

And if we go back to the beginning of Spring,

some time around the first couple weeks of March,

where are we now?

Well the drought monitor change map for the last six months

we can see those dark blue colors across the

Northwestern part of the state,

that's where we had exceptional drought.

So lots of great changes over the last six months

but we still have a ways to go.

That's it for this time.

We'll see ya next on the Mesonet Weather Report.



Switching form wheat to cotton

>>> Planted acres of cotton have expanded again this year

into areas that have not seen cotton in decades.

Today we learn from a Noble County producer

why he's incorporating cotton into his system.

>>> [Jordan] Well this is our second year growing cotton.

We put together about 900 to 1000 acres last year

and this year I think we've got close to 1200 acres.

At first we kinda thought,

Wow, we're really gonna try this.

So we went ahead and jumped off the deep end

and we all planted some

and it worked out really good for us.

It kinda fits into the rotation really good.

It puts a little bit later going back to weed

but I think it was still alright in the rotation

and I think we're gonna continue to do it.

It's been a lot more profitable than

anything we've been doing.

Last year it was

and this year, we've got a lot better crop this year

and I think it's going to be even more

profitable this year.

>>> There's always been a crop or two in here

but it's not been very big, not covering a lot of acres.

But in the last couple years they've increased the crop

from nearly to 1000 acres.

(indistinct mumble)

We don't have very much cotton in here.

The next this is where do we send it to.

>>> [Jordan] Crop scouting is definitely something that

all of us didn't know nothing about.

We didn't know anything about the insect problems

When it's bearing fruit, the input costs

are about the same as your corn.

The only thing is is then you've got another 90,

100 bucks an acre on top of that on harvesting,

I think our harvester is 14 cents a pound.

We harvest it all with,

a picker/baler is what they used last year,

and it puts it in an eight by eight round bail module,

and then we have drop deck trailers that we load it on,

and ship it to Anthony.

>>> [Man] Cotton is more of a

managers-type crop ...

you just can't plant it and go away and wait until harvest,

you need to scout it, and sometimes,

several times a week,

there's insects, there's weeds, and then defoliation

when it comes time to harvest.

>>> [Man In Blue Shirt] Cotton compared to wheat is just,

so far, has been way more profitable.

Definitely a lot more time-consuming than wheat, you know,

the wheat, you kinda set it out there and make sure

you keep it clean and keep it sprayed,

and the cotton, you just keep spraying.

You definitely need to invest in a decent sprayer,

it's definitely a spraying, time-consuming spraying crop.

I think as good as this rotation's working right now,

I think that it'll continue to happen with us,

a few neighbors that are doing it now.

I think that we'll continue to have it in our program

until the price comes to where

we don't think it's beneficial to plant.


Cotton Update

>>> So, at the producer there in Noble County,

this is his second year to produce cotton

in northern Oklahoma.

It's not really an area that's used to

seeing cotton production.

Kinda talk about the expansion of cotton acres north

and into dryland areas.

>>> Yeah, and so, we're seeing a lot of new acres,

new, fairly new, they may have had cotton there

20 years ago, 30 years ago, but haven't recently.

And we're seeing a lot of that in that northern area,

and, I guess, we kindly refer to it as

the "North of I-40" part of Oklahoma.

And it is a lot of dryland, and, you know,

I know there's a lot of rotation options there,

or they're trying to fit that in part of a rotation

with the wheat, and so hopefully, we can get a lot of

the cotton out in the next, you know, 90 days,

and maybe get wheat in behind it in a timely manner

and make that rotation really work

for those folks that are gonna try it.

>>> [Interviewer] This year's been an interesting year

with weather, here we are in the middle of September,

clouds, rain, depending on where you are in the state,

how has that, the different types of weather,

how has that impacted the cotton crop across the state?

>>> Yeah, so, statewide, we were hot and dry.

Now, the southwest corner was kind of

the extreme hot and dry.

We look elsewhere and we're talking about the new acres,

so I'm gonna kind of focus on that area.

We did have a pretty warm, dry summer,

and so we had timely rain, wasn't a lot of it,

but it came at the right time, and that's key for cotton.

We'd rather have five or six inches that we can

kind of map out and put it where we want it

than just 10 or 12 inches that we just get

in two or three days.

Fiber maturity, fiber development is a

photosynthetic process, so it requires not only water,

but sunlight and heat, and so we would really like

to see our heat units a little bit higher than they are,

at least in the short-term period we're in right now,

where we're a little cloudy and cooler.

>>> We're getting fairly close, producers are gonna

thinking about harvest aids.

When should producers start

doing the applications for those?

>>> So we usually to time harvest aids around crop status,

so we look at percent open bowls, so we wanna go between

60 and 70 percent open,

or one of my favorite methods is nodes above cracked bowl,

and so it's four nodes between your uppermost cracked bowl,

and your uppermost harvestable bowl.

And so, the key thing on any harvest day

timing or scheduling, we only wanna take into account

our harvestable bowl loads.

If we have a white flower that opens today,

and it's got a little bitty bowl that's there

three weeks from now, I'm not gonna count

on that bowl opening, so I need to

take that bowl out of my equation.

So we also do have a Oklahoma Cotton Harvest Aid Guide

coming out, we're gonna cover not just the

"When do we spray?"

and "How do we time that?",

but also the products, what the products do,

what they don't do, and then some issues,

we talk about rain; could this lead to regrowth?

And there's some, you know, thoughts in there

on how to handle regrowth, what to do,

and, really, what not to do.

And so, hopefully, that'll give some folks

some help and some resources to make those decisions

when it comes time to spray their fields.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Seth Byrd, and for a link to that,

go to our website,

(upbeat music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> October's the time of the start of the fall

value-added calf sales.

That means that the weaning dates

are just around the corner.

In fact, the first weaning date for an OQBN sale

is actually next week.

The timeframe between when those calves are weaned

and when they're going to the sale in October

is a critical time in terms of the profitability

of this preconditioning program.

That the rancher is involved with

with those value added calves.

Making sure that those calves continue to gain

from weaning until sale date is critical

and we think that the proper amount of rate of gain

is about a pound and a half to two pounds per head per day.

That means that these calves need to have a good growing

diet as they go through the weaning process until sale date.

There's obviously different options that are available,

some may use a self-feeder where they have a mixed ration

for the calves to consume.

Others may hand feed a supplement in addition

to whatever forage is available for the calves.

Whatever that diet is, it needs to be to where

the total diet is at least 12 1/2, 13% crude protein.

There is help available for you in terms of determining

what might be the best feeding program for your calves

in your value-added calf program.

Go to the SUNUP website.

Look under show links.

We've got a link there to a fact sheet.

It's basically, it's management, nutrition

for preconditioning home-raised beef calves.

It's got a lot of good information

about how to get these calves started

and several suggested diets for the calves

whether they're real light-weight, young calves

or whether they're more traditional

weights in terms of being 400, 600 pounds at weaning time.

Several diets there that you can put together

with your feed dealer and have the appropriate kind of feed

for those calves to gain that 1 1/2 to two pounds

per head per day and do the best job

of returning the most dollars for your investment

in terms of the vaccine program

as well as the feed that's required for those calves

to receive the 1 1/2 to two pounds per head per day.

We think it's critical that you have those calves

on a good diet so that they continue to gain

and grow between weaning and sale date

to make this value-added calf program work for you.

Hey, we look forward to visiting

with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(light music)


Treating winter weeds

>>> Wheat producers will be planting that seed

later in the month and Misha, there's some things

that those producers can be doing

now and in the near future to help prevent

weeds throughout the growing season.

>>> Yes, we have some herbicides

that can be applied shortly after planting.

I like to call this growth stage around spiking,

right when you see emergence of your crop.

The primary target weed that we're looking at

for this active ingredient is Italian rye grass.

So, if you're a producer who wants to make the investment

in grass weed control, which a lot of our

grain-only systems are interested in,

then this is a product that can go out.

The active ingredient's pyroxasulfone

and there's two trade names labeled in wheat,

Zidua and Anthem Flex.

>>> Now, are we gonna see any type of control differences

in a say a no till field versus a conventional till field?

>>> Yes, so with these pre-emergence products,

herbicide to soil contact is very important

as well as a rain to get that herbicide

where we want it in the soil profile.

So we need to be strategic when we're applying.

We want a rain to be coming shortly after application.

If we have residue on the ground,

we need to be thinking about increasing our carrier volumes

to really push that herbicide past the residue

and we will be getting better contact

in more of a conventional tilled environment.

And if the rye grass does come up,

and that window's just mixed, we do have some post-emergence

products that can go out.

We've seen some inconsistencies in Oklahoma

with some of the post-products.

I just recommend that application timing,

making sure that rye grass doesn't get too big,

can go a long way.

>>> Talk about some of the weed management options

for those producers that are gonna run cattle on their weed.

>>> Yeah, so if you're not investing in grass weed management,

we can still be thinking about our broad leaves.

We like to say that if we're forage only,

we're gonna go out in the spring

when we top dress but if you have a broad leaf

that comes up in the fall that stars competing,

I highly recommend getting out earlier.

That investment and that second pass

can go a long ways in control.

>>> Weed control is important to wheat production

or winter crop production.

Talk about how important that can be.

>>> I think for almost any producer,

no matter what they're growing,

they're gonna rate weed management

as one of their top concerns.

Especially as we have herbicide resistance,

it's a challenge.

So, our weeds are competing with our crops

for water, nutrients, and light,

and they can also be detrimental to our quality.

So for grain, Italian rye grass,

that's gonna be dockage that we see

and money lost when we're at the mills.

So, incredibly important.

>>> Okay, thank you very much, Misha.

And for more information on weed management tools,

visit our website, SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU

(upbeat music)


Vet Script – Chicken diseases

>>> On May 18th, the United States Department of Agriculture

confirmed the presence of Virulent Newcastle disease

in California.

Now this is the first case of Newcastle disease

that we have had in the United States since 2002.

We had infections in some backyard poultry

and in some commercial productions in a few states.

That ended up costing the United States

about 395 million dollars to clean up.

So far, the Newcastle cases that have been found

in California have all been in backyard flocks,

no commercial flocks have been infected

and it has been confined to the state of California.

Now Newcastle disease is one of the most important

poultry diseases in the world.

Chickens are very susceptible to the disease.

The virus survives for long periods of time

in the environment, especially in moist, cold conditions.

The virus is spread by the movement of chickens.

Once a chicken is infected, usually takes two days

to maybe two weeks before you're gonna see clinical signs.

There is no treatment for the disease

so preventing it is important.

There is a vaccine available.

It does not prevent infection,

it only reduces clinical signs.

If you'd like some more information

about biosecurity and about Newcastle disease,



>>> That'll do it for us this week.

From the Okmulgee County Free Fair,

I'm Lyndal Stout, remember Oklahoma agriculture

starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat music)


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