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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for May 12, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Planting Bermuda grass
  • Mesonet Weather
  • The new e-Farm management website
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Food Why
  • Payne County veterinarian and Rose the pig

(light music playing)

 

Planting Bermudagrass

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to Sunup,

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We're talking pasture management this morning,

and weighing the options of

whether to sprig or seed Bermudagrass.

Sunup's Dave Deken caught up with our

Forage Systems Specialist Alex Rocateli.

>>> Oklahoma's got a little bit of rain and

a lot of sun and things are starting to

green up here across the state,

and Alex you're starting to get

phone calls about Bermudagrass.

>>> That's right and I'm impressed that we are

having lots of calls now on establishing new

Bermudagrass pastures,

and the question is always, "Alex, should I

"sprig or should I seed the Bermudagrass?"

And there is no right answer here.

What you need to look at the advantages

and disadvantages of each one,

and on that they need to make a decision what to do.

So let's talk about sprigging Bermudagrass.

When we sprig Bermudagrass,

what you are putting in the ground is a plant that's

ready and just needs to continue to grow.

We have already roots there,

we already have stems and even some leaves.

So as soon as you put that sprig into the ground,

will continue to grow and we can have fast establishment.

So what that means?

That means that you are not going to have too much

problems with weeds and you can have a high success,

high chance of success when establishing from sprigs.

Now what is the main disadvantage of sprigging?

Price can be very costly.

We are talking about at least $120 per acre

when we are talking about sprigging Bermudagrass.

Now seeds, what is the main

advantages of seeding Bermudagrass?

Well, price is about 1/3 or even less

when we are sprigging,

but there comes the disadvantage.

What you are placing there is a small seed, right?

That little seed needs to turn into a plant,

so that seedling is going to spring and

is going to start to catch growth pretty late.

What happens, the weed sometimes can catch up

and grow faster so we might have a problem

on establishment and competing against those weeds.

So what happens is you're paying less

but you have high risk of failure.

So that's what we can talk about,

the advantages and disadvantages of

sprigging or seeding Bermudagrass.

>>> So when it comes to preparing your pastureland for that,

do you need to till the whole pasture,

or can you just lightly scrape the ground

before you put down the seed or the sprig?

>>> Well there are two different ways to do it.

For sprigging there is one management,

for seeding there is another management.

Now when you are sprigging Bermudagrass,

what we need is pretty much to have about,

at least 20 bushels of the sprigs per acre.

In my opinion we are in the limit and it's too low.

I would say I prefer to have at least 40 bushels per acre

to have a high chance of success.

Now what we need is, let's say,

to spread those sprigs and after do a light tilling

to put those sprigs down into the soil about two inches.

And after pass a cut pack or some to compact

a little bit of that soil

for we have a good contact with the sprig and the soil.

And of course I think that

it is obvious that we need to have a

clean field before we start that.

Now when you talk about seeding,

better there to have first prepare a bare,

a very good firm seed bed,

as we are doing for Alfalfa.

So I would that a good seed bed

would be the one that when you step with your boot,

you're going to be seeing just a very shallow

stamp of your boot.

If your boot sink into the ground like a half inch,

that is too soft.

Remember Bermudagrass seed is pretty much like Alfalfa,

it's very little, very tiny,

so that need to be about a 1/4 inch down into the soil,

no more than that.

And then just to have some chains or something

to drag over the field.

Just roll that soil and put those seeds about 1/4 inch.

Not all of them is going to be there

then rework and after pass a cut pack

to have a good seed contact.

>>> We're primarily talking about Bermuda in this situation,

is there a better part of the state

that Bermuda pastures work than say

another part of the state?

>>> Well Bermudagrass does pretty well statewide,

I would say.

I would say that Bermudagrass is adapted

for whole Oklahoma.

But it's clear that in the west we might

have more problems because we have less rainfall

especially with seeding Bermudagrass.

So we need a temperature of 65 Fahrenheits in the soil,

for the seed is start to grow.

So that's why right now I would say that

we can start seeding.

And we can go as far as mid-June.

But I believe that the optimal time will be

in the next two, three weeks, for seeding.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Alex Rocateli.

And for more information on the Bermudagrass in pastures,

check out our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(happy music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet Weather Report.

The first ten days of May have continued the dry west

and the wet east pattern.

Folks in the green band have had good rain amounts.

Many Mesonet locations in that band

recorded two or more inches of rain

over the first 10 days of May.

Our dry west and a wet east jump out

on a 10 inch fractional water index map through April 8th.

The east is dark green with lots of ones.

Western Oklahoma shows it's dryness

with brown and yellow areas

and fractional index values of 2/10ths.

Going down to 24 inches, the dry areas expand

with a number of locations at 1/10th.

Zero is bone dry.

The east side of the state at 24 inches is wet

with many fractional water indexes at one.

Warm days have lead to warm soils.

Only 10 Mesonet locations had three day average

four inch bare soil temperatures

as of April 9th, in the 60s.

That left 110 sites at 70 or higher.

The warmest three day average soil temperature

was 78 at Weatherford.

Here's Gary with a check on drought and green up.

>>> Thanks Al, and good morning everyone.

Well summer is apparently here,

even though the calendar says it's early May.

But I guess that's making up for the April we had

that felt like it was February.

And one thing that has been consistent throughout

the entire year is drought.

Let's take a look at that latest drought monitor map

and see where we stand.

Well right now we're just continuing

to do some fine tuning to the map.

We still have that exceptional drought, the D4 drought

and the extreme drought, those are the dark reds

and maroons out in far West Oklahoma.

As we went down farther into Southern Oklahoma,

we're selling the more generous rains.

But that's generally the picture across Western Oklahoma.

One thing we did need though was that rain

to start to green up the state and kill some of that

wildfire danger that we've seen so prevalent

across the last three or four months.

We can look at the relative greenness map

from the Oklahoma Mesonet's OK Fire Program

that helps train firefighters in the use of weather data.

We can see the rapid greening of the vegetation

across the eastern 2/3rds of the state.

From last week to this week, that's generally

what we need to kill fire danger.

We look to the right of this figure

and we see last year's map for the same time period.

And that's after we had some really good rains

across the entire state.

And we had greenness across most the state

except the far Western Panhandle.

Now one of the things in addition to the rainfall

that helped us green up

is April is so cold, May actually turned into summer,

as we said earlier, so we got some really nice

warm weather that helps that vegetation start to grow.

As we look at this days with maximum air temperature

is greater than or equal to 90 degrees,

we see seven, eight to nine days above 90 degrees.

And then that's one of the reasons why

some of that vegetation has been allowed to green up.

But it's a double edged sword,

that extra heat also exacerbates the drought conditions.

So what we need is lots of rain and we need May

to actually feel like May, not necessarily June and July.

Well that's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(happy music)

 

The new e-Farm management website

>>> We're joined now by Rodney Jones,

an Ag finance specialist

to talk about some of the electronic tools

that are available to help guide producers

and anyone else who's interested in Ag finance

and farm management information.

And Rodney, talk about some of the things

that you and the team have been putting together.

What are those resources?

>>> Well we began an initiative probably a little over

a year and a half ago to make some of our

existing resources more readily available

in electronic format,

and to supplement those resources with some

new educational tools,

and to put all of that stuff together,

in a place where people can easily find it,

easily utilize it.

So I would say probably the focal point

of our effort is what we call

our e-Farm Management Website here.

Covering what we broke down into 31 topic areas.

Under each topic area, we have some readable resources,

some PDF documents if you will,

that folks can download and read.

We've also burned up YouTube videos

to go along with those resources

and the associated power points,

so we've created the videos.

We've actually converted those videos to podcasts as well.

So that kind of forms the base or the hub

of what we're calling our e-Farm Management effort.

>>> Let's kinda walk through the site.

Give us an idea of kinda what's there

and what people get when they log on.

>>> We can do that, and if you can see the website here,

you'll see that we have 31 specific topic areas,

in orange, broken down into about four broad categories,

financial management topics, crop topics,

livestock topics, and then other topics,

ranging all the way from how to develop a cash flow,

how to develop a balance sheet,

you know in the financial management.

Managing financial stress, that might be of interest.

Managing taxes, all of those

kind of fall under the financial management.

Some more specific topics

related to crop producers, livestock topics.

We have some other things that we link to here.

I'll just go to one that's always of interest,

a very popular topic really anywhere

that I've ever been in agriculture,

and that's equitable lease arrangements,

just a lot more detail

on lease arrangements for agriculture,

and this would be fairly typical to what you would see

if you would click on any of the topics.

We have a couple of videos here,

some background information on equitable lease arrangements.

I believe if I click that one,

we'll get our Associate Director of Extension,

Dr. Damona Doye, recording a video

on some background lease information there.

>>> And bottom line, it's about meeting people

with the educational materials

with where they are in terms of technology

and delivering it that way.

>>> Meeting people in a variety of formats,

a variety of little short blasts of information

that they can get in a short timeframe,

wherever they're at, on demand.

That's what we're shooting for.

>>> Terrific, Rodney, thanks for the great overview,

and for a link to the e-Farm Management website,

just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(easy-going music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Those cow-calf producers in Oklahoma

that are going to use artificial insemination this spring,

perhaps to breed some replacement heifers

or even adult cows, will wanna be aware

of the impact that very warm days can have

on the conception rates as they breed those cows.

You know for years, the old rule of thumb for those folks

doing artificial insemination was called the AM/PM rule,

which basically meant that if we saw a cow

in standing estrus in the morning, we bred her that evening,

or if we saw her in standing estrus

for the first time in the evening,

we'll wait until the following morning.

Now, research that's been done

with huge numbers of dairy cattle

basically disproved the value

of that particular rule of thumb.

They found that if we see the cow

in standing estrus in the morning time,

if we go ahead and breed her then,

or if we see her in the evening,

we wait until the following morning

and breed that cow the following morning,

that we seem to get along just as well,

in terms of conception rates,

and then in this very warm weather

that we'll experience here in May

and June and certainly July,

we'll be in that situation

where we're not having to work cattle and breed cattle

in the very very warm parts of the day.

Here at Oklahoma State University,

there was some very interesting studies done

on the impact of daily temperature, outside temperature,

on the core body temperature of cows,

and one of the key things that they found

was that the core body temperature of the cow

was actually highest two to five hours

after the peak of the afternoon temperatures.

That tells me then that if we're trying to breed cows,

say in the early evening hours,

when perhaps we get off work

and go home and see a cow in heat,

that that's the time when her body temperature,

on a warm day, is going to be at its very very highest,

and research has shown us

that cows that have elevated body temperatures

don't conceive as well as those

that have more normal body temperatures.

So back to our rule of thumb here.

I think, if we see that cow in estrus in the morning,

go ahead and breed her in the morning.

If we see her in estrus for the first time in the evening,

wait 'til the following morning, and do all our breeding,

if possible, before certainly about 10 AM.

I think this will go a long ways

towards increasing our conception rates just a little bit

as we go through the breeding season this spring,

and we hope that you have a real good outcome

of your AI program this year.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again

next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(easy going music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson our crop marketing specialist joins us now,

and Kim, the USDA released

the WASDE estimates for our crops.

Let's dive right into the projections

for US corn, soybeans, and wheat.

>>> As we look at those numbers,

course with the '18 estimates coming out

to go along with the '17,

it doubles the number of numbers.

Looking ahead into '18 on wheat,

they've got US production at 1.82 billion bushels.

That's slightly above the '17 numbers.

On corn at 14.04 billion bushels,

and that's slightly below '17 production,

and in soybeans 4.28 billion bushels,

and that too is also slightly below last year.

If you look at the ending stocks,

and I think that's the critical number,

they're lowering wheat to 955 million bushels,

down from just over a billion.

I think that's good news for wheat.

Course most of that's in hard red winter wheat production.

It's lower.

You look at corn, 1.68 billion bushels.

That's down from almost 2.2 billion last year,

so lower corn production.

If you look at soybeans,

ending stocks at 415 million bushels.

That's down from 530 million bushels,

so lower corn, lower wheat, and lower beans

all on ending stocks,

and I think that's probably pretty good for price.

>>> That's the US picture.

Let's take a look now at the world estimates.

>>> And world estimates can trump US estimates

'cause we're in world markets.

You look at world wheat production, 27.5 billion bushels.

That's almost right at 2017 for world at 29.9,

so down just a little bit.

Corn, 41.6, you know remember,

it's lower US production in corn,

higher production in corn for the world,

and you look at soybeans, slightly lower bean production

in the US, higher in the world at 13 billion bushels.

>>> And how much are prices expected

to change as a result of this?

>>> Well if you look at prices,

you've got wheat, $4.70 average for the '17-'18 year.

For '18-'19 they raised it 30 cents to $5.

You look at corn, $3.36 this year,

$3.80 next year, so 50 cents higher.

You look at soybeans, $9.35 this year,

$10 next year or about 65 cents higher.

>>> And last but not least, of course,

a lot of people interested in cotton.

What's the scenario there?

>>> Well cotton's an interesting item here.

You know, you look at production in the US last year,

20.9 million bales, lower this year at 19.5,

and I think that kinda goes against

what everybody's expected.

You look at the world.

It's slightly lower at a 121 million bales.

You look at ending stocks for the US, 4.7 this year.

It's projected to increase to 5.2 next year.

World going down though, 88 million bales down to 83,

and you look at the price, and it's almost the same

at 68 cents this year and 65 next year,

but right now that futures price

on cotton's up in the 80 cent level, you know,

so something's gotta give here.

>>> Okay Kim, a lot of great information.

Thanks for breaking it down for us.

We'll see you again next week,

 

Food Why

and now to Food Whys and expanding our palates

to try something new.

Today, Chuck Willoughby looks at the diversity of seaweed.

>>> Who knew there was seaweed in my ice cream?

You know when most people think about eating seaweed,

they think of sushi, and that's become

very popular in recent years,

but seaweed consumption is not anything new.

In fact the Chinese, in recorded history,

began consuming seaweed as early as 2700 B.C.

And Nori, that flattened seaweed

that's used to make sushi rolls,

was invented by the Japanese in 794 A.D.

There's also evidence, in historical records,

of seaweed being consumed in Iceland,

Ireland, Scotland, and Greece,

but did you know that there are seaweed derivatives

in many of the foods that you consume on a daily basis?

You may have seen agar, alginates, and carrageenan

on an ingredients statement while shopping at the store.

These are commonly used in products like ice cream,

salad dressing, puddings, and processed meats,

or even baked goods and candies.

Agar, which is derived from certain species

of red algae,

has been used as an ingredient in desserts

throughout Asia.

It can also be used (bottles clink)

as a clarifying agent in brewing beer.

Sodium alginate, which is a type of seaweed extract

made from brown algae,

can be found in processed foods as an additive,

like ice cream and soy sauce.

The alginate acts as a flavor enhancer.

It can also be used as a thickening agent in gravy mixes.

Finally, carrageenan,

which is an extracted form of red seaweed,

is primarily used in the food industry

for it's gelling, thickening, and stabilizing properties.

It's primary application is

in dairy and meat products (cow mooing)

due to its ability to strongly bind food proteins.

So if you were one that usually gets a little squeamish

or grimaces at the thought of eating seaweed,

you don't have to anymore.

You've been eating it all along.

In fact, it's kind of like the way mom used

to hide carrot juice or pureed carrots

in the soup or the chili

just so she knew you were getting your vegetables.

If you want to learn more information

about food trends and other exciting information

in the food industry,

download the FAP C app,

visit SUNUP for more information.

(happy honky-tonk music)

 

Payne County veterinarian and Rose the pig

>>> Finally today, we meet the veterinarian

who stays busy not only treating animals

but also serving communities

with her unique storytelling skills.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair has more.

>>> Hey, hey,

so what are we doing with Nala today?

>>> Oh we're just doing a check up.

>>> Okay, has she been doing OK?

>>> [Kurtis] If you could sum up in one word

what it's like to be a small and large animal

veterinarian,

it would easily be busy.

(running water)

Stepping inside Cushing veterinary clinic,

it only takes about 15 seconds to realize that.

An environment Doctor Rebekah Hartfield thrives in.

>>> So my favorite part about this job,

especially working with large animals,

would be I see so many different things at the clinic

every, every single day.

So today, I might be looking at a bull,

and you know later be looking at a pig or a goat.

(loud clanging)

>>> [Kurtis] Veterinarian medicine's a field Rebekah

sort of fell into.

>>> You've got a clean bill of health, and

>>> [Kurtis] After taking a job as a vet technician,

she found a purpose in working with animals

and went back to school in Oklahoma State University

and became a doctor in veterinary medicine.

She graduated in 2016, and joined the clinic shortly after.

>>> You don't have to, heart worm test is 15 dollars.

>>> [Kurtis] With all the wonderful chaos, Dr. Hartfield

built with every day,

she still finds time to help communities

through her part time job.

>>> Thank you.

Hi, everybody

>>> [Kurtis] Children's Author.

>>> Anyone know what kind of doctor I am?

>>> [Kurtis Hair] The book is called Rosie the Pig,

a story about a girl, Abby,

who takes her sick pig to the veterinarian.

>>> [Rebekah] Rosie, you look sick!

Abby's gonna call Dr. H.

>>> [Kurtis] She based the story off an experience she had

with her niece.

>>> My niece Abby had actually come over to the ranch

and my pig Rosie was really sick.

So we went out, we examined her,

I taught her what we were looking for,

exactly what's in the book.

>>> medicine to make her feel better.

>>> [Kurtis] While helping people and animals

through her clinic is rewarding,

Rebekah wanted to expand her reach in other ways.

She just didn't have an avenue to achieve it.

>>> I wanted to do more

and make a difference.

I've always been that way.

A friend had called,

around the same time and said,

"Hey, my daughter wants to go to veterinary school,"

she's young,

"and we want a good book for her to start on now."

And so I got to doing some research

and I really didn't find anything that I just loved.

>>> [Kurtis] The lightbulb flashed and Rebekah and her sister,

who's a graphic designer,

decided to start a children's book series.

She travels around the state

and visits day cares and schools to do readings.

Her mission with the book is to expose kids

to both veterinary medicine and agriculture.

>>> [Rebekah] What did we say this was again?

>>> [Class] Veterinarian.

>>> So I want kids to be interested in agriculture.

There is a shortage of rural veterinarians,

especially in Oklahoma,

and so we need more veterinarians to go out

and work in these rural areas

with the large animals.

So that's what I hope that my book will also inspire.

>>> And what Dr. Hartfield is doing is a great asset

to the community of agriculture

because she's delivering a message

on agriculture literacy,

through developing and educating on a very true level.

>>> [Kurtis] To reinforce her mission,

Dr. Hartfield enlisted the help of a friend

to further engage the little minds.

>>> Here comes Rosie.

(crowd laughs)

>>> Today was unique for them,

I don't know anybody that has a pig in their house,

and also to get to pet the pig, watch the pig eat,

see what Rosie feels like, things like that.

Those are definitely experiences

that they wouldn't normally get to have

unless they go to a farm.

>>> When you bring a live animal in here,

and they get to pet the pig,

and get a picture with that pig,

they're going to be talking about it for several days.

>>> [Kurtis] Rebekah plans to have six books in the series.

The next book will be about a horse,

appropriately named Pistol,

due out this June.

Imagine the kids faces when a horse trots into their school.

(classroom chatter)

For SUNUP, I'm Kurtis Hair.

>>> Wanna pet Rosie?

You can give her a little pet, there you go.

>>> And that will do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime

at sunup.okstate.edu

And also follow us on youtube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at Sun Up.

(joyful honky tonk music)

 

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