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Transcript for April 7, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  1. Pasture Rehab
  2. Wheat Update
  3. Cow-Calf Corner
  4. Livestock Marketing
  5. Mesonet Weather
  6. Market Monitor
  7. Naturally Speaking


(upbeat music)


Pasture Rehab

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Pastures around Oklahoma are starting to green up

and that means it's the perfect time

to start a new extension demonstration.

We caught up with Alex Rocateli to learn more.

Hi Alex, what do you have going on here?

>>> Well, we are getting some green up already.

It might be late for some phosos or potassio

or just the right time so.

>>> You also have a demonstration getting rolling

in this pasture too?

>>> Yes, exactly that.

We are starting this year here.

This is pretty much a pasture common

that happened here in Oklahoma

where the producer just left the pasture neglected

by some time and so as you can see

some weeds start to come in a Bermuda grass pasture

and also natives start to grow up,

and also other foliage or plants

such as Johnson grasses start to invade.

And getting a point that what we need is exactly

to renovate, to rehab this pasture.

So that's what we are trying to do here.

>>> So, with that in mind, what's the best way

to get started?

>>> Well, that's true.

First things first.

And the first thing that we need to be aware is

that we need some soil sample

because if the pasture was neglected, for sure,

we might have a need for fertilization, but how much?

That's what the soil sample can help us

to answer the question.

In a nutshell, we already did actually the soil sampling

here about three weeks ago.

In a nutshell how we can do the soil sampling?

Well, first, we need to realize that it's not

because you have a pasture, and you name that a pasture,

that that pasture is the same all along.

For sure we have different types of soil, topography,

and plants growing different locations.

For instance, in this pasture here,

here we have more blend with more sand soil,

that's why we have more natives

and also more weeds concentrated there.

Right there is a bottle land and I walk there

and we saw that we have lots of Johnson grass

that grow last year because of the more wet field.

Also we have a better fertilization there.

So in these case when thinking about soil sampling,

better that we split this field in different zones.

After that, in each zone it's better

that we take about 15-20 samples at the least

per zone and make a composite and send that to analysis.

>>> So this, as you mentioned, was sampled three weeks ago

and you have the results.

What did they show?

>>> Exactly right.

And I have the results right here in my pocket actually.

And I am talking, what I have here

because I'm working right now exactly in this spot here,

and for what I'm seeing, look at that.

First I'm looking at pH here, 6.6.

We right on the money.

That's a very good pH for all the forest

that we can have here.

So we don't need to bother in this specific location liming.

And according to the soil sample, oh my God,

we don't have any N here.

Can you see zero?

So, once this soil is more a light soil texture,

we might be applying, I would say,

after that the green up happens,

about 100-150 pounds of nitrogen, actual nitrogen.

That will translate into 100-300 pounds of urea.

>>> You mentioned quite a bit of fertilizer in that formula.

Is that much necessary to get what this producer wants

in terms of Bermuda grass production?

>>> Yes, that's right.

What I'm doing here is exactly what the producer wants

so we are thinking on fertilizing for Bermuda grass.

In this case in native grasses,

sometimes even there is no economic justification

to fertilize, but in this specific field,

as I show here, we are very low.

So in this case even I recommend applying half

of the phosphorus that we need for Bermuda grass,

that I would say, so in this case 30% if you want

to promote some native pasture, some native foliage coming.

And on nitrogen, once we are very low on nitrogen,

I would say one application of 50 pounds

after green up would be enough.

>>> I've noticed there's an area

of the pasture that is mowed

and then this is still growing as normal.

Explain why the difference?

>>> That's something I'm very curious about it.

I realize it that here it's a very common practice

that the farmers go and by this time they go

and they mow their pasture about 4 or 5 inches.

And, I mean, I know what's the idea behind

and it's a very good idea.

When we do that, we promote that

the Bermuda grasses start to green up faster.

And, there is no better weed control than

active growing forage competing with those weeds.

So, that's what happen when we mow.

And also, for more day to day,

the Bermuda grass down below there

is gonna compete pretty well with those weeds.

Some of those weeds will thrive,

and when it's time to apply the herbicide,

we are gonna have a better coverage,

because you want to have all this residue

covering the weeds.

So when we spray the herbicide,

we will cover all the leaves that's coming.

But at the same time, I really wanna know

how much effective is mowing against no mowing,

and that what we are gonna be evaluating in the next weeks.

>>> As part of this demonstration.

>>> Exactly right.

>>> So, quite a few things

you and the team will be looking at.

>>> Oh yeah, we are gonna be very busy during the season here.

>>> Well, we look forward to it

and please keep us posted on how it all turns out.

>>> Of course, I will.

>>> Thanks a lot Alex.

>>> Thank you.

(upbeat guitar music)


Wheat Update

>>> Here we are in April.

This is kind of the busy time for wheat.

David, where are we with the Oklahoma wheat crop?

>>> Well, overall, it depends where we are at in the state.

We actually have quite a bit of range in growth stages

right now, which, in a number of years

this is what we're gonna kind of see,

depending on who's been warming up first.

We're anywhere from in southwestern Oklahoma,

to having the flag leaf already coming out,

to some areas, just now greening up and getting going,

and actually in a number of other areas,

wheat that's just now emerging.

We are kind of all over the board in terms of

growth staging with this Oklahoma wheat crop.

>>> We're kind of in that ish time of year.

It's kind of spring-ish, then it's winter-ish,

and then it's back to spring,

a little bit of summer in there.

Is that hard on the wheat plant right now?

>>> Well, a lot of that's gonna come back to, I guess,

how cold does it end up getting,

and one of the things that has

actually been playing into our benefit recently,

has been, we have been staying cold overall,

while we've been very dry, so that's not accelerated

the growth, kind of like we saw last year,

where it got warm, and we just took off,

Some folks have gotten a little bit of that rain,

but it does come down to what growth stage are we at,

how cold did it get, and how long did it stay

at those cooler temperatures?

If you're worried about maybe some freeze injury,

it might be to where we'll have to wait maybe

10 to 14 days before we can fully assess that injury.

>>> You were talking about kind of how

there's different growth stages across the state,

where are we seeing the fastest growth

with the wheat crop?

>>> Well it's typically gonna be where we normally see it.

It's actually southwestern Oklahoma

and south-central Oklahoma,

where it's warming up first.

As you kinda move back east, towards south-central,

they've been getting some rain,

so if we get some sunny days with some warmer temperatures,

those plants are really gonna wanna get up and going.

If we haven't got the nitrogen put on,

there is still time for producers yet,

especially as we work our way further north,

where we're not as far along, in terms of the development,

just continue to watch for diseases.

Overall, we've been pretty quiet.

We're starting to see the diseases start to

take off just a little bit.

So we're starting to get that inoculum start to build up,

and that's not to say that that can't be

blown north here into Oklahoma.

>>> This last week you guys had a new way of having a

communication with all the wheat growers across the state.

Talk about that event

and then what you're hoping to do with it.

>>> So right now, this is a deal,

we haven't come up with a formal name yet,

we're just calling it wheat update.

And we're using it primarily, right now,

to just give a quick update,

from what the different specialists

are seeing around the state,

but most of the intent is to answer questions

that producers have, so we're wanting to have questions

come in to us, and discuss those questions,

and just try to get information out to the producers.

And we have that.

We had our first one this past Monday,

and we're gonna have it each week now,

for three more weeks, so up through,

towards the end of April here.

And we have the information as far as

the dates and times available on the website, as well as information

on how to download Zoom onto any device that you have,

and the link for joining the meeting.

This is open to the public, you just gotta be able

to get on Zoom and be able to join the meeting,

and feel free to ask questions during the meeting,

and we are taking questions,

during the week until our next meeting,

so feel free to email them

to myself or to our department head, Dr. Jeff Edwards.

Send in pictures, as well, of what the crop looks like

around the state, and we'll discuss it at the next meeting.

>>> And these are on Mondays at what time?

>>> These are on Mondays at 8:30.

>>> Okay, for a link to all of that, go to our website,

(cheerful music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> On today's edition of the Cow-Calf Corner,

we're going to aim our discussion towards those ranches

that have fall calving operations.

One of the tough decisions that people with fall calvers

have to make each year is when to wean the calves.

Traditionally, fall calving herds have been weaned

when those calves are oh, say nine to 10 months of age,

out in the middle of the summer, and that leaves

only 45 to 60 days between weaning and when the cows

start to calve again.

Research here at Oklahoma State University looked at

an alternative weaning date of much earlier,

when the calves are only about seven months of age,

and that meant weaning them here in April.

As they made the comparison, and this was done

over a four-year study with over 150 cows involved,

what they found was that young cows responded differently

than mature cows as to when the calves were weaned.

Young cows, and I'm talking about those that were two

or three years of age when they had the calf last fall,

if their calf was weaned in April then were was a much

higher rebreeding percentage the following fall

than did the cows that were left to nurse those calves

until mid-summer.

And the difference was about 9%.

98% compared to 89%.

With mature cows, those cows in that age category there

of four and above, those had no significant difference,

no advantage to weaning those calves earlier than

their counterparts that nursed the calves clear out

into the middle of July.

I think, from the cow's standpoint, this tells me

that if we're in any kind of a drought situation

or concerned about the body condition of young cows

as they go into the late spring-summer,

we may want to go ahead and wean those calves

in the case of those young cows.

The older cows, year in and year out,

looks like there's no real advantage to that early weaning

for the fall-calving herd.

What about from the calf's standpoint?

Well, the difference, of course, in weaning weights

just due to age of the calf, is substantial.

In this particular study, those calves that were weaned

out here in the middle of July were about 204 pounds

heavier than their counterparts weaned clear back in April.

But, of course, if those calves that were weaned

back in April were kept at the ranch and just put out

on native pasture, they did a lot of catching up,

and they caught up to within about 35 pounds of the calves

that stayed on the mother cows until mid-July.

That means, of course, then that if we kept those calves

around, we'd have to have that extra pasture available

for them, which, in a drought situation,

probably isn't practical.

But I think that at least gives you some idea

of what the advantages to weaning those fall calves

in April might be as compared to waiting until

a more traditional time in early to mid-July.

Keep in mind that with those young cows,

that advantage of letting them have all summer

without a calf nursing on them means those cows

will be in better body condition at calving time next fall,

and therefore there'll be a higher rebreeding percentage

on them the following year.

We hope this information will help you make that decision

as to when you wean those fall calves this spring,

and we look forward to visiting with you again

next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(cheerful music)


Livestock Marketing

>>> A lot of the markets have had volatility here lately,

and Derrell, the ag markets really aren't different

from that, especially the livestock markets.

>>> Well they're not, because what's happening right now

is we've got all this external, macroeconomic,

global economy kind of things going on, obviously.

We've been living under, for many months,

under this black cloud of uncertainty about what

we might do with trade policy.

Now we're starting to see some of that turn into

a real storm at this point, and I guess it's kind of

like springtime in Oklahoma, it's time to really figure out

where the shelter is when we get into storm season.

So ag markets are no different, cattle markets are

no different, at this point in time.

We're just seeing a tremendous amount of volatility,

and the uncertainty now is not whether we're going

to have problems, now it's a question of how big

of a problem are we going to have, and how widespread

and long-lived will they be?

>>> Now staying with that Oklahoma weather theme there,

do we have any watches or warnings

when it comes to cattle markets?

>>> Well, it's really hard to anticipate what's gonna happen.

I mean, markets, economies are very complex

with lots of direct and indirect connections.

Obviously global economies now are very interconnected.

So the short answer is we really

don't know what to anticipate here.

It's not as simple as saying, okay,

we've got a tariff on this one market, what will that do?

There's those initial direct effects,

but there will be lots of subsequent

secondary and indirect effects,

and over time they will play out differently.

>>> Does this change the overall forecast for 2018?

>>> Well, I think at this point, all bets are off, honestly.

Our forecasts up 'til now have been predicated on the idea

that we would not make any significant changes

in any of the trade policies or anything.

And so now, again, I think you just have to play it,

it's gonna be a very dynamic, a very fluid situation

going forward, we just have to really watch this turbulence

and see if, at some point, hopefully it clarifies

a little bit and we get some sort

of a picture that we can work with.

>>> How does this change the strategy

that Oklahoma cattle producers started earlier this year?

>>> Well I think what this does, as much as anything,

is it puts us on the defensive.

So you have to go into a very defensive posture, here.

The words hunker down come to mind

a little bit in this kind of a situation.

Some of this volatility will be short run,

and so there may be opportunities to dodge

some of the impacts by having some flexibility.

I would encourage producers to maintain as much flexibility

and short run timing, but longer term, and depending, again,

on how severe and how long this plays out,

we're just gonna have to hunker down

and try to weather the storm.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Derrell.

Hopefully we can build a plan

before the storm clouds make it here.

Derrell Peel, livestock marketing specialist,

here at Oklahoma State University.

(pleasant music)


Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

Tuesday was a day full of extremes.

The winds are blowing hard.

92 Mesonet sites had wind gusts above 40 miles per hour.

18 sites reported wind gusts over 50 miles per hour.

Fire danger conditions were extreme on Tuesday.

A burning index map from 5 PM Tuesday evening

shows the areas of extreme fire danger

over 110 as dark red-brown blotches.

Medicine Park hit 132.

Burning index indicates flame height

at the head of a potential fire.

If a fire head ignited at Medicine Park,

the flame height would've been close to 13 feet.

Tuesday afternoon cattle comfort values

in the southeast part of Oklahoma went above 85 degrees.

Antlers and Broken Bow were above 90.

Wednesday wanted to serve up its own extremes.

Wednesday morning greeted us with extreme cold.

Temperatures dropped into the teens

at six sites in western Oklahoma.

Buffalo hit a low of 16 degrees,

and was below freezing for 10 hours.

Lows in the 20s went as far south as Holdenville in the east

and along the Red River in the west.

Here's Gary with a check on Oklahoma's drought conditions.

>>> Thanks Al, and good morning everyone.

Well, March was just about like February.

Some really good news for folks in southeast Oklahoma

and the not so good news for the folks

up in northwest Oklahoma.

So let's get straight to the drought monitor map

where that is reflected for this week.

As you can see, I-44 serves a sort of a rough dividing line

between the worst drought up across

the northwestern quarter of the state,

and then also down across the western

probably half to a third of the state,

and then over into southeastern and eastern Oklahoma

that is largely without a drought right now.

We know what we got in February,

but we can see what we got in March as well.

Again, I-44, sort of a rough dividing line

where we got from three to four to five inches

just to the southeast of I-44.

And up to the northwest of I-44,

if you got an inch, you were lucky.

Now there's some parts of north central Oklahoma,

Woods, Alfalfa, Grant County, that area,

that got close to two inches, but by and large,

if you were across the northwestern half of the state,

you're probably still wanting lots of more moisture.

And that shows up on the percentage a normal map for March.

Again, you see that green area to the southeast of I-44,

those are the areas that got the good rains.

And then most of the northwestern part of the state

including southwestern Oklahoma

heading over into south central Oklahoma

still missing out on the good moisture, and as we go look

at the US Monthly Drought Outlook for April.

From the climate prediction center,

where there is drought now, it's expected to

either persist, or intensify through the month of April.

But at least we don't see any development

across the southeastern parts of the state,

so that's a little bit of good news for Oklahoma.

So we'll watch out for that,

and we will see you next time

on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(upbeat jazz)


Market Monitor

>>> China released some additional tariffs

on soybeans this week,

and Kim, what are some of the expected impacts that

that could have on the agriculture economy?

>>> Well, we're not going to know the impact

of those tariffs for some time,

even the steel and aluminum tariffs

I was reading an op-ed piece this last week

in the Wall Street Journal

and they said those tariffs won't be implemented

for 60 days, and that what China's doing,

and what the U.S. administration is doing,

they're just positioning themselves

for negotiations that's taking place.

Even if the tariffs are implemented,

the short run, the long run impacts won't be known

until we actually get into the business

of buying and selling the products and exporting it.

>>> So what's that uncertainty with wheat yields?

What should the producers be thinking about

for the 2018 crop?

>>> Well, I think they just should just ignore it right now.

We don't know what the outcome is going to be.

We know they're not going to be implemented within 60 days.

It does add risk to the market,

and when there's additional risk in the market,

there's more volatility.

And your buyers tend, especially

on forward contracts and the futures prices,

tend to hedge their bet a little bit,

which means they're going to take a risk premium

and prices are going to be maybe 10 or 15 cents lower.

But right now, I think the thing to do is just ignore it

until we see what's really going to happen.

>>> Let's shift our focus a little bit to summer crops.

What prices should producers be considering

when selecting?

>>> I think what they need to look at is,

what are the elevators offering for forward contracts

for harvest delivery?

And if you look at corn right now,

it's right at $3.50, sorghum, $3.60.

You got soybeans at $9.30;

you got cotton around 75 cents,

and sesame at 33 cents a pound.

So, I think that's what they need to look at.

What can I forward contract now,

because people are making

that's actual dollar bets right there.

They're saying I'll buy it for that.

So, if you want to do something,

or if you're doing planning

on what you're going to get for harvest,

that's the prices I would use.

>>> All righty, thanks, Kim.

Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist

at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat jazz)


Naturally Speaking

>>> So a lot of producers are curious

about what impacts haying operations might have on wildlife.

So, the peak fawning for Oklahoma

is usually late May; early June.

And, that is a really vulnerable time for deer fawns,

if you're cutting hay during that period.

It's also that May-June period

is a really important time of the year

for rabbit production,

and also a lot of ground-nesting birds.

Most of those ground-nesting birds

are finished by early- to mid July,

and, by that time, most deer fawns are up and mobile.

Rabbit production is generally tailing off.

And also, another vulnerable species,

which is the box turtle, which gets hit

and killed a lot of times by mowing equipment.

By July, when it's getting hot,

they tend to be underground more.

So, if you can delay haying until mid July,

you're going to miss a lot of the wildlife

that would be susceptible to mortality.

Also, that is a good time to optimize

hay quality and quantity on native hay fields.

But some producers want to cut that native hay field

multiple times during the summer,

so they'll cut in June and then, maybe later in the summer.

But, a problem with that is, research has shown

that cutting hay on native fields multiple times,

that tends to lead to undesirable plant species long term.

And that's not an ideal situation for a native hay field,

so we generally recommend that producers

only cut native grass once a year for hay production.

So, waiting a little bit later into the summer,

you can get a lot of tonnage that's high quality,

but also minimize the negative impacts to wildlife.

Now there's also the situation

of just mowing a field, a native field,

where you're not actually interested in taking the hay off,

but you're just wanting to knock the grass cover back,

maybe for fire prevention, or aesthetics, or brush control.

So, if that's your objective,

when is the ideal time to do this?

So, a lot of people want to do it

at the end of the summer, going into the fall.

But, unfortunately, if you do that,

you've removed all of the cover for that site.

So species like bobwhite, rabbits,

and a lot of wintering sparrows

really don't have a lot of use of that field

throughout the whole winter.

So, like the field I'm standing in today,

it's been barren all winter; we're entering spring now,

and it's had very little wildlife use.

Whereas, if the producer had delayed that mowing

until the end of the winter,

they could have met their objective,

of brush control; they could have even timed it

to take advantage of right before our fire season,

which is typically late winter,

and still provided wildlife cover

throughout all the fall and most of the winter.

Now there's going to be situations

where you probably have to mow in the fall,

or you have to cut hay earlier in the summer.

It's not the optimum time for wildlife,

but one thing you might consider,

if you've got multiple pastures and large acreages,

just attempt to leave some cover

during the summer for nesting,

and some cover during the winter

for quail and rabbits and sparrows.

Even if you have to mow, or hay some,

if you've got some cover on your property

during those years, you can still have wildlife

and hay production.

(upbeat country)


>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us anytime on our website,

and also follow us on YouTube, and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week, everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat jazz)


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