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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for February 10, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Canola Update
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Should you use cattle implants?
  • Market Monitor
  • Mesonet Weather
  • No Till Conference Update

 

(upbeat guitar strumming)

 

Canola Update

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

In addition to wheat, continued dry weather

is also impacting canola, prompting producers

to start thinking about summer crops.

We begin today with our extension cropping

system specialist, Josh Lofton.

>>> Unfortunately, and fortunately, we're in about the same

spot we were a month ago, and two months ago,

and three months ago, is that we went into winter,

and since then we've stayed in winter,

which is a good thing for canola.

It's not been really cold and then really warm,

then really cold and really warm.

So that's a good thing for canola, once it kinda went into

dormancy, it's stayed for the most part.

The unfortunate thing for the canola is we are

starting to see very, very small pockets

around the state green up a little bit.

Last week we had 60's and 70 degree temperature,

and if we take a look right here with the canola that we

kinda found here, anything that has distorted or damaged

tissue was probably here in the fall.

But what we're starting to see is some of these new leaves

that don't have anything, we're starting to see them

kinda perk up a little bit and get a little more length

to them, and grow a little bit more than we'd like to see

when we're still pretty deep into winter

and we don't have any soil moisture available.

So, really time will tell.

We're not in a bad spot, we're not in a great spot either.

So, time will tell the next couple of weeks will kinda tell

the story of the canola season this year.

If we get some timely rains, and we warm up slowly,

this could still be a really good crop.

If it warms up very rapidly, with little moisture,

what we're gonna do is we're gonna wind up in the same

situation we were last year, with very little vegetative

growth before that canola point starts going reproductive.

And it potentially could hurt yields then at that point.

>>> So here we are in the middle of February,

and we're not out of the cold season yet, but we are

gonna be having those warmer days show up too.

I always say, never count out a snow

until after spring break.

So, if we do get that snow, will that hurt the canola crop?

>>> The good thing with canola is that we always say if we can

get it to green up in the spring, we're gonna have a crop.

You're gonna be able to harvest something.

So, the benefit with canola over wheat is

it is very flexible in the spring.

Even really late season freezes, we could see

some pods not fill, but that reproductive structure

of canola is very flexible.

We can still get a very, very nice yield,

even if we get some later season freezes and some snow.

A snow would not be hurtful right now, any moisture

would be good moisture at this point in time.

>>> As we switch gears from a winter crop to, say,

a summer crop, what are some options aside from

the old standbys, for summer crops for Oklahoma producers.

>>> Well, we'll go through this whole segment without

saying the word "cotton", because I think that's going

to be, by far, the biggest option of this year.

I think the prices are nice.

Guys are gonna grow cotton in areas such as the panhandle

that have not seen cotton in several years.

So, cotton still a really nice option

with the new technology, everything, out there.

Of course we talked about corn and soybeans,

and milo is still a really good option.

The biggest push I'm hearing this year, sesame.

We're going to see probably a lot more acres of sesame

than we have in the last couple years.

It's going to be a really big year for sesame.

The challenge with it is we don't have a whole lot of data,

so the institutional knowledge is really low.

And the other thing is that our biggest thing

that we have data on is there's not a whole lot

of herbicides we have to work with.

And that' kinda where we're sitting at with sesame.

It's still a really nice option for Oklahoma.

It's very drought tolerant, very heat tolerant,

so those long, dry, July's that we're gonna get,

it can work it's way through it pretty nicely.

It's also really nice, especially our guys

that just do summer crops, to broadleaf in the system,

which is really good.

So, our two biggest crops that might see the biggest

push this year, being sesame and cotton, nice to see

a broadleaf getting in the option, or getting in the system,

especially if you're a traditional grass farmer

during the summer with corn and milo.

But never count out the things you know.

Don't sell the whole farm to a new crop

that you don't how to grow.

Make sure you still have those old standby's that we can

almost guarantee will get a yield and some profit off of.

>>> And let's talk about no-till systems

and those producers that...

That are looking at a fallow year this year,

is that going to be the best option for some of this land?

>>> It really depends. I really like fallow years.

You know, it's harder

because you're not pulling profit off of it that year.

But in Oklahoma, our soils being a little more fragile

than the Midwest.

We can't always look toward the Midwest.

Our soils are a little more fragile.

Our summers are a lot more harsh.

And so, going into a fallow year,

especially if you have some weed problems,

that's a really good thing.

We always hear guys that we wanna bring steel out

and do a no-till system because we have resistant weeds.

>>> [Interviewer] Right.

>>> A fallow year is a good time to actually get out there

and control it with a wide array of herbicides

that you have available to yourself now.

I mean, even some of our just broad spectrum

will attempt to kill everything on the field.

That's a good option.

So, if we are going into a fallow system,

especially if we don't get a whole lot of rain

between now and May,

>>> [Interviewed] Right.

>>> a fallow system might be your best thing

to kind of help clean up some of the land,

get some of that pigweed or the marestail

or any of those grasses out

and really set everything right

for when we do get rain.

(plane engine)

It's best for our summer crops

if we don't push it.

If we get just a little bit of rain,

to where we can get something in, that's good.

But don't sell out all your acres

if we don't have a whole lot of soil moisture.

Remember, it's not just what we get,

it's what we have stored in the soil.

And right now, we have very little stored in the soil.

So, if we can get some nice timely rains

between here and March or April,

yeah, it's time to maybe think about

going into that summer crop.

But if not and we're laying fallow out,

getting ready for wheat next year,

getting ready for canola,

it's a good time to really clean up those fields.

>>> Okay, thank you much.

Josh Lofton, our cropping systems specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

And for more information on any of

what he talked about today,

visit our website SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU.

(country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> We're entering that time of the year when

the calving season for many Oklahoma farms and ranches

is beginning or maybe already under way.

While we're checking those cows and heifers this spring,

the chances are that we'll run into a situation

that requires some extra special attention.

And what I'm referring to is when we

examine a cow or heifer and find that the hind feet

are coming first and not the front feet and the head,

as we would expect is most presentations

during the delivery process.

Research out of Montana, a number of years ago,

with over 13,000 head of cows over a 15 year period of time,

illustrated that we would expect

about 1.6% of the calves born to come backwards.

Another .6%, very small percentage,

would actually be what we call a breech birth.

That's when a calf is coming backwards

but the feet are not presented,

only the buttocks and the tail.

And in this situation, I just would recommend

that you call your local veterinarian,

and seek help as soon as possible

because that breech birth will not be born

either naturally or with your assistance.

Probably, it's going to result in a C-section

as the only way that they will be delivered.

But back to the backwards calf,

that's one that, yes, we can deliver

but we need to understand the physiology

and the anatomy of the cow and the calf

as that calf is going through the birth canal.

Take a look at this particular illustration.

This shows a backwards calf

and note the position of such things

as the tail head of the calf,

and the umbilical vessels or the umbilical cord.

Now, when that backwards calf has

gone far enough through the birth canal,

or with your assistance, gone far enough through

to where you can see the tail head

actually appearing out in the world,

the tail head of that baby calf,

note where the umbilical vessels will be.

They will be underneath that calf

pinched off by the pelvic rim,

at least partially, and in a lot of cases,

may be completely clamped off.

Researchers in Europe, a number of years ago,

decided to find out how long that umbilical cord

can be clamped before it really compromises the

health of the calf, and the outcome was that

at four minutes complete clamping off,

they lost one out of five calves.

If the clamp, if it was clamped off longer than that,

they lost all of the calves.

Then, as we work with that backwards calf

and bring those hips through the pelvic opening

and the tail head appears,

realize we've got four minutes or less

in order to get that baby calf completely delivered

and started breathing.

So that's why it's very, very important to understand

the anatomy of the calf and the cow.

When that tail head appears,

we want to get that calf completely delivered

as quickly as possible.

Find a stiff straw, stick in his nose,

clean out that area around the mouth and the nose,

and get that calf started breathing as soon as possible.

That way we'll have a better chance of saving any

backwards calves that we might have this year.

And as always, as we're talking about calving,

I'd encourage you to go to the SUNUP website.

That's SUNUP.okstate.edu.

Look under show links

and there's a link there to our pamphlet

called Calving Time Management for Beef Cows and Heifers.

Got a lot of information about working with these cows

and heifers at calving time.

And we look forward to visiting with you next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat country music)

 

Should you use cattle implants?

>>> We're joined now with our

extension cattle beef specialist, Dr. Dave Lalman.

And Dave, spring calving season is already underway

in a lot of parts of the state.

What are some things that producers need to

start thinking about, you know, in processing cattle?

>>> Well, so the branding time processing usually occurs

around, you know, 40 to 90 days of age

and one thing that we might talk about is implants.

We talked about that a little bit last year.

Continues to be an opportunity for cow-calf producers

because consistently the experiments that have been done

on that show that you increase weaning weights by 4% to 6%.

>>> Now there has been, in regards to those implants,

there's kind of a misconception that those

might have an impact on premiums.

Is that accurate?

>>> That's accurate. So it's interesting.

A little over 20 years ago, near as we can tell,

somewhere in the neighborhood of 65% of cow-calf producers

were implanting either all of their steers

or let's just say some of their calves.

Today that number has dropped to around 30%.

So we've been looking into reasons for that.

What might've caused that.

Certainly there's no change in

the Food and Drug Administration's approval for

the use of those products.

So we know they're safe.

So I think probably your comment about premiums

is probably the culprit.

And Superior Livestock has done a wonderful job

analyzing their data over the years,

and it shows very recently they've analyzed their data,

and it shows that with a study with over five million

head of cattle that there is no premium for calves

that were not implanted.

In other words, you would have to have a,

to give up that 4% to 6%

or 20 to 30 pounds of additional calf weaning weight,

you would have to have a substantial premium

to make up that difference in calves that are not implanted.

And their data says that it just is not available.

>>> In, you know, going forward if there's some producers

out there who want to go ahead

and use some of these calf implants,

there is a shortage in one of those, correct?

>>> Yeah, we're getting reports that some of the implants

can be difficult to get

and so, they need to recognize that there's some

alternatives or options there.

There are three products that are cleared

for use in both steers and heifers during the suckling phase

or the pre-weaning phase and those three products are

Ralgro, Synovex C, and Component E-C.

>>> Should producers implant calves or heifers

that they're going to keep on as replacements?

>>> That's a common question

and quite a bit of research has been done in that area,

and what it shows is that if they are implanted

at that branding time, you know 80, 90 days give or take,

there is no detrimental impact on the

reproductive performance in the future.

A lot of producers will choose just not to implant heifers

they intend to keep for replacements

and that's a wise thing to do,

but just know that if you happen

to implant one at branding time

and then decided later to keep that female as a replacement,

it's not going to,

the studies show that it shouldn't do any harm.

To their performance for years to come.

>>> [Host] Alright, thanks Dave.

>>> Sure.

>>> For a complete list of the approved implants,

go to our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat, folksy country music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Some producers are considering planting summer crops.

Ken, let's talk about those alternatives.

>>> Well, I think what we've got here is the wheat crops,

dry, you go the drought,

the 90 day forecast is for above average temperatures.

I think the producers are concerned about getting this wheat

and maybe they're going to have

to plant some alternative crops.

Then of course, some producers have fallowed

and they're just going to plan either corn,

milo grain sorghum, soybeans, or cotton.

>>> With that in mind, what is the market offering

for harvest delivery of those crops?

>>> Well, if you look at corn, of course it depends

on whether you're in central Oklahoma or the panhandle.

In central Oklahoma, the basis is about 60 cents

under the Chicago Board of Trade December corn contract.

If you're out on the panhandle, it's about 10 over.

That contract's around 3.95 right now,

so that puts our corn price

between $3.35 and $4.05 in the panhandle.

Milo is about the same basis as corn,

some places a little higher or little below.

But again, it's off that December corn contract.

So that's $3.35 for milo.

Soybeans is 90 cents underneath

the Chicago November soybean contract.

That contract's right at $10 and nickel

or something like that.

So it gives you about a forward contract or harvest price

for soybeans of $9.10 a bushel.

>>> Based on extension crop budgets,

what are the break-even prices?

>>> Well, of course those budgets.

I've got two or three different people

who make budgets for me.

They're all over the board.

Let's look at corn and say 80 bushels per acre for that

at that break-even over variable costs,

not fixed costs or total costs, just variable costs,

that's about $3.35.

Of course that's what the market's offering right now.

Milo at 50 bushels an acre, at break-even was also $3.35

and that's right where the market is.

Now soybeans at 25 bushels an acre,

the break-even as at $8.50, the market's at $9.10,

so that's where the profit is for soybeans.

And if you'll listen to producers,

you look at what's going on in the market,

the big buzz is about soybean and increased soybean acres.

So, I think the market right now

is offering break-even to slightly prices for that.

>>> OK, we can't let a week go by without talking about wheat.

Let's talk about the break-even cost for wheat

and what the market is offering.

>>> Well if you look at wheat and say 35 bushels an acre,

the break-even's about $4.31

and guess what the market's offering?

>>> [Interviewer] What?

>>> [Ken] $4.30 plus or minus 20 cents

wherever you are in the location.

You know, we've talked about wheat,

and this is variable cost,

you've got to add probably another 40-50 cents a bushel

for fixed costs to cover total costs,

which would get that break-even

up closer to $4.90 to $5.00.

We talk about if you get protein and test weight

on this upcoming crop, I think we're gonna get that price up

closer to covering that total cost and maybe up around $5.00

but we've got to get the test weight and the protein.

>>> OK, Ken, thanks a lot.

We'll see you next week.

(upbeat folksy country music)

 

Mesonet Report

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

The good news is that it rained in Oklahoma this week.

The bad news is that only three Mesonet sites

recorded more than a quarter inch from Tuesday's rain.

Idabel had seventh tenths,

Broken Bow collected 51 hundredths,

and Valliant had 38 hundredths.

Areas in that green tip in southeast McCurtain County

had more than an inch of rain.

So while we cheer for works near these Mesonet sites,

it's a tragedy that the rain

didn't reach more of us in the state.

Those three sites with rain had zero days

on Wednesday's map of the days

since a quarter inch or more of rain fell.

The count of days without at least a quarter inch of rain

increases dramatically as we go from those zeroes

in the southeast to 131 days at Kenton in the panhandle.

These dry conditions have led 16 counties

to implement county burn bans east of I-35.

West of I-35, a governor's burn ban has been enforced.

Without meaningful rainfall,

we can anticipate these burn bans to stay in place

and other eastern counties to enact burn bans.

Over on the temperature side,

we've been on a temperature see-saw.

It's cold, it's warm, then cold again.

The last couple of days have been

warmer after some frigid days.

Wednesday morning minimum air temperatures

were in the single digits in and near the panhandle.

Hooker and Beaver dipped to six degrees.

Moving east out of the panhandle lows were

in the teens rising into the 20s in Eastern Oklahoma.

For cattle, Monday morning was the cold one this week.

Cattle comfort lows went from -10 at Freedom

near Woodward to 15 at Brokenbow.

The Cattle comfort index values are a combination

of air temperature, sunlight,

wind speed, and relative humidity.

These cold mornings follow a January month

that came in three to four degrees below average

on the Eastern side of the state.

It was one to two degrees cooler in Southwestern,

Central and Northeastern areas.

Northwest Oklahoma was average

while Guyman and Boyd city were

slightly warmer than average.

January dewpoint temperatures range from four degrees

below average up in the Northeast, to eight degrees

below average down in Southwest Oklahoma.

This was on a par with dry Januaries in 2009 and 2014.

2014 handed farmers the poorest wheat crop in 56 years.

Wheat First Hollow Stem soil heat units continue to build

as of Wednesday green, yellow, and orange areas

for early group varieties were ready to be scouted.

Only Valiant and Newport had enough

heat units for middle group varieties.

The place to check wheat stems is

on ungrazed plants in fencerows.

We're past due for some rain.

Our hope is that we all get some soon.

Thanks for joining us for this addition

of the Mesonet weather report.

(upbeat guitar music)

 

No-till Conference Update

>>> Finally, today a progress report on No-till Oklahoma.

On this, it's 10th anniversary.

We take you to Pottawatomie county to learn more.

>>> [Speaker] Fallow fields, every seven to 10 days.

>>> [Brian] No-till comma was, for me,

a really important conference that Oklahoma State

puts on because it's a great opportunity

that we put producers into interaction with each other.

For this event, particularly, we have producers

been doing No-till for twenty or thirty plus years

and then brand new producers.

So there's an opportunity for interaction and learning.

And it's not just learning from the old

to the new, some of the stuff that these guys

who've been No-tilling for five or six years,

actually are learning things, getting help

some of the guys that have been doing it for a long time.

No-till is important for Oklahoma

primarily due to our semi-arid, our dry environment.

Majority of our producers are No-till or dry land producers.

They don't have irrigation so water management

and moisture management are particularly important.

And so when we get down to it, No-tilling Oklahoma

really comes back to a lot about water conservation.

Now, A, we can stop the offsite movement of soil

through wind erosion but really hold that moisture.

When we get into a dry spell, the ability for a soil

to hold water better under No-till is so much greater.

Has better roots, better infiltration,

higher organic matter and it has that residue

cover that really keeps water from evaporating.

>>> Is the use of the cover crops and

>>> I like to come out and just see people

that are doing similar things

times in my part of the world.

I mean, you can see on the internet a lot about what

people are doing, but to get with guys

that are doing it in your area I think really helps.

We're all probably facing similar issues

and getting together and seeing how people are

overcoming some of the challenges

right in our area I think is good.

>>> Northeast Colorado and Western Kansas

>>> This is our tenth conference and

that's why we have a lot of our first morning,

we have a lot of looking back.

Then we've got a lot of the producers

on a panel coming up who are in a video

produced in the mid-nineties.

A No-till promotional video produced in the mid-nineties

and we have those guys coming back to talk about

you know, what has changed since then.

>>> Government tasks

>>> We're still basically doing the same thing

we was back then and making use of the newer technologies.

But I think it's important 'cause anytime

you can meet with other guys that are No-tilling

you can usually pick up a few ideas that might help you,

even if it's just a equipment

adjustment or equipment attachment.

>>> The interaction we get whether

it's during the breaks, that's why we have long breaks.

The interaction during the breaks.

The interaction after the conference

is over and the discussions going back and forth.

That's where the learning really happens.

It's that one on one, that you can dig in

and really break down the different

aspects of the production systems

and the challenges, and the wins.

Producers will have tight knit groups

from within their communities and they'll

know everybody around them and talk

to them in the coffee shop.

They don't often get out and see

what's happening around the state.

So at this point we'll be tying people from

Elk City in with Ottawa county,

in with the panhandle and they get to

really see a diversity outside of their local community.

>>> Rain during the summer in Ottawa

>>> I'm sitting by a new producer right now

who's going to take over his late father's farm

and he's a, he's so full of questions

and I feel like I can actually help him,

you know, get started and I feel good about that.

Helping other people.

(Upbeat music)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us any time on our website

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at Sunup.

(upbeat music)

 

 

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