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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for November 4, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Sorghum research you can use now
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Washita County: True spirit of community
  • Vet Scripts
  • Naturally Speaking
  • Market MonitorThe Turf we share

 

(happy music)

 

Sorghum research you can use now

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

As we turn the corner to November,

we're talking about sorghum research

and some takeaways from the field studies

that you can actually use right now.

>>> Well, we've had a lot going on in sorghum.

There's been a lot of questions posed.

One of the biggest questions has been, of course,

sugar cane aphid.

It's the thing that we've talked about quite often

over the last couple years.

Between myself, we were looking at different hybrids

and how well they respond to actual sugar cane aphids

being in there and us not managing them,

so how well they actually sustain those aphids

and that pest pressure during the course of the year,

as well as looking at different insecticides.

Dr. Tom Royer, Dr. Kris Giles has looked extensively at

how we manage the insecticides that we have

to kind of make them long-term efforts

to where we don't get any resistance issues

or anything like that, and a couple of new ones

that are coming down the pipe as well.

So that's kind of been a focus of the sorghum group

over the last year.

One of them is planting date.

We've seen growers be kind of loose

with their planting date on sorghum,

kind of going in to mid-May.

What we found this year is that if you plant

past about May 10th, we're seeing up to

a 25% yield reduction in your yields.

Even though we had a, kind of a mild summer,

we didn't have those really, really high 100 degrees

for multiple weeks and at a time, and still yet,

those two weeks between May 10th and about May 20th

really, really caused a big chunk of yield

to come off that crop.

And then the other thing that we kind of saw this year

that I think we're having a little bit of issue with

in our grower fields is fertility of sorghum.

We always like to have about a pound

to a pound and a quarter of nitrogen go out

per bushel we expect in that sorghum crop.

So if we're going out and we're putting out

70 pounds of nitrogen, we can probably expect

60 bushels of sorghum.

If we want to push towards that 100, we need to make sure

that nitrogen fertility's kind of being pushed up

quite a bit throughout the year.

>>> In terms of that planning for next year,

now's the time to start thinking about what that plan is

in order to have better results next time around?

>>> Yeah, it's hard to start thinking about summer

when we're standing outside and it's freezing right now,

but it's what we need to do

if we want to push ourselves to that next level.

We have decent sorghum yields or we have,

this can go for all our summer crops,

soybean yields, corn yields, cotton yields,

now's the time to start looking at

how I can make that system better.

It's fresh in our mind.

We know what we did last summer.

Let's not wait until March to try to figure out

what we did last June.

Now is what we need to do to kind of start shifting

our management practices, shifting our farming operation.

One of the biggest things is a lot of times this is the time

to start selecting your cultivar.

Once again, for sorghum, a lot of our companies

throughout the state offer deals or discounts,

or what have you, for getting your hybrids ordered now.

That way they can get them into the state.

It also allows you to get the exact hybrid you want

instead of just taking whatever the local sales,

or the local distribution center has at that time.

So now's the time to start looking at your hybrid,

the sorghum hybrid tests are available.

All of our local county educators have received them,

so if you want a little bit more insight,

go see your local guys.

They're gonna have all the good details

that you can go and select it.

And like I said, this is time to look at those hybrids,

but it's also time to start pulling those yield maps

off your combines, start looking at problem areas

in the field, maybe low spots, low fertility areas,

areas that we might need to go out and start soil sampling.

Because once again, now's the time to start preparing

for next year's summer crops.

>>> A lot of strategy there,

maybe more than some people might think about,

but the tools are there to help for future success.

>>> Yeah, the tools are there and the people.

If you have questions, the people from the local guys

to your area ag educators,

as well as the state representatives as well.

>>> Now, you and the team are also gearing up

for winter crop school?

Tell us a little bit about that.

>>> Winter crop school's our annual event

that we have going into a lot of our research,

finding a lot of the big details on how to grow crops

here in the state of Oklahoma,

and we just talked about how difficult it can be

and all those decision mechanisms that go into it.

This is kind of a good first-stop shop

to get a lot of these answers.

But, December 12th and 13th here in Stillwater,

registration should be comin' up pretty soon.

So, it's somethin' to kind of put on your radar.

>>> And I bet there's coffee always

on the agenda, too.

>>> Always coffee.

>>> Okay, we look forward to hearing more about it.

Josh, thanks a lot.

>>> Thank you.

(country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Across the southern plains and certainly here in Oklahoma,

cow-calf producers spend millions of dollars each year

on vaccines in order to protect their animals

against various kinds of diseases.

Handling and taking care of those vaccines

before they're actually used

is extremely important.

Research has shown us that,

if some of these vaccines are stored incorrectly,

we can really lose the effectiveness

of that particular product,

and it won't give the calf or the cow

that we're going to vaccinate

the immunity that we wish.

If you look on the vaccine that you buy

next time when you visit your local farm or feed store

and purchase vaccines or from your local veterinarian,

look on the box or the insert.

What you'll find generally

is that, if you look in the fine print,

it will tell you to store that vaccine

at 35 to either 45 or 46 degrees,

and that's very, very important.

As we've said, research has shown us that when we get

outside of those ranges, we can do some damage.

I think that's really, really critical to remember

if we're going to store our vaccine in a refrigerator

that's in a tack room,

in a barn,

especially during the coldest parts of winter.

If we think about the refrigerator

as something to keep 'em cool,

well, we don't want that vaccine to freeze either.

So, if we're storing it out in an unheated barn,

and it can get certainly below freezing in those barns,

then we can do some real damage to those vaccines.

So, I would really suggest that what you do is

go to one of the local box stores, just like I did.

You can buy a little digital thermometer just like this one

and put it in your refrigerator to see if it's

maintaining that temperature between 35 and 45 degrees

as the vaccine insert would suggest.

Research done at the University of Arkansas,

and in Idaho,

has indicated that we don't do a particularly good job

of keeping our refrigerators at the right temperature.

In the Arkansas data, only 26%

of the farms that they checked,

was the refrigerator staying between 35 and 45 degrees

95% of the time.

That number was only a little bit better in Idaho

at about 34% of those where vaccines were being stored,

staying within that proper range.

So, check yours.

You can buy this little kind of digital thermometer

for less than $10.

Stick it in that refrigerator

and check it every so often.

Keep that in mind as we work cattle this year

or any year.

Let's make sure that the quality of the vaccine

that we're purchasing stays as good as possible

while we store it on our farm or ranch

before we give it to those animals

that are going to need that immunity.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(country music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Along with Halloween, the end of October brought scares

of winter's freezing weather.

Last Saturday morning, October 28th,

we had freezing temperatures across all of Oklahoma.

The panhandle had the broadest spread

in low temperatures on October 28th.

Lows range from 18 degrees at Buffalo

to 32 degrees at Canton.

The coldest Mesonet site in southern Oklahoma

was Burneyville with a chilling 22 degree morning low.

Wind chills added to the cold,

it felt like seven degrees in Buffalo.

There were many Oklahoma locations where it felt like

it was in the teens.

Burneyville's wind chill was a frigid 15 degrees.

For most Mesonet sites,

October 28th was only one morning

with freezing temperatures.

Eva in the panhandle had eight frigid mornings in October.

Over in eastern Oklahoma,

folks in Nowata, Bristow, Westville, and Cookson

had five frigid October mornings.

October, as a whole, was close to average

for temperatures for the month.

A map of departure from average temperatures

had lots of zeros,

showing they were right on the average.

There were a few sites at one degree below average,

more at one degree above average,

and only one site, Watonga, at two degrees above average.

Here's Gary with a drought update and a look ahead.

>>> Thanks, Allen.

Good morning, everyone.

Well, October is in the books.

It was a little bit warm although, as Allen mentioned,

we did see a hard freeze over much of the state.

And for precipitation, well, it was all over the place.

Let's take a look at the Drought Monitor first

and see where we're at there.

Basically, the same picture we've seen

over the last couple of weeks.

We have that dry weather and even a little bit

of moderate drought down in southeast Oklahoma,

a little bit of that abnormally dry up in

northeastern Oklahoma, but we do see an expansion

of the abnormally dry up in northwestern Oklahoma.

So a little bit farther down into Woodward County,

and over into Woods County, over into Alfalfa County,

so while we do see that little spot of moderate drought

remaining in Harper County, that's where we're worried

about that spread possibly to the south

and to the east a little bit.

So something to keep in mind there.

If we take a look at the last 30 days,

the percentage of normal rainfall,

we do see some areas of state starting to dry out.

This part of the straight up in the northwest

where we did see that increase in abnormally dry conditions,

that part of the state has seen

from 40 to 50 or 60% of normal rainfall

over the last 30 days.

But even more drastic deficits down across

South-central Oklahoma, and again in the far southeast.

So even though we did have that big blob

of humongous moisture up in north-central

down into central Oklahoma over into northeast,

there are parts of the state that have been drying out.

What about our prospects for November?

It looks dry for the time being,

and the Climate Prediction Center tends to agree.

So a little bit warm, a little bit dry, it looks like,

according to the Climate Prediction Center.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(cheerful guitar music)

 

Washita County: True spirit of community

>>> The cooler temperatures are perfect for a special event

that truly brings together an entire community.

For an old time hot meal and carnival,

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair takes us to Washita County.

>>> [Kurtis] Fall traditions.

Whether it's watching football on Saturday's

or enjoying pumpkins in about a million ways,

many families and communities

have their own special tradition.

In Washita County, it's beans.

(crowd murmuring)

>>> [Woman] This is our biggest fundraiser for the county.

>>> [Kurtis] About 600 people cram

in the Cordell Activity Center for the 4-H Bean Supper

to load up on that magical fruit.

Washitaw County extension educator Dana Church

says it's a lifeline for the 4-H program.

>>> All of our money tonight will go to programming

and supplies and awards for all the kids

throughout the year, whether we're doing a livestock event

or whether we're doing a painting class,

all these moneys go to support our 4-H programming

throughout the year.

>>> [Kurtis] From Cloverbuds to 4-H'ers in high school,

everyone pitches in.

>>> We have volunteer leaders that are helping in the kitchen

right now that have been volunteer leader,

they were first 4-H'ers then parents volunteer leaders,

and they just don't retire from being volunteers.

>>> Everyone here come from towns all across Washitaw County.

It's a longstanding tradition, going back 39 years.

>>> Well, it started in 1978.

We were at a state 4-H leader's conference

trying to figure out what we would do for a fundraiser.

We just started brainstorming actually

and came up with the Bean Supper and Carnival idea

for a fundraiser.

>>> [Kurtis] Barbara Hatfield and Carol Price

are the architects of the event.

It was a hit from the start.

>>> Oh, it was great.

For years, I mean, the first year we had it,

it was like we served well over 800 people

and it was just a wonderful community activity.

It was easy and cheap!

We'd make lots of money and we would make enough money

to run the 4-H program for the year.

>>> What comes to my mind is it takes the village

to raise a child, it takes a county

to raise a bunch of good kids.

>>> [Kurtis] After scarfing down some beans,

it's time for the carnival.

(balloon popping)

>>> [Woman] There's like almost 20 games of different sorts

from basketball to the bouncy house

to Pin the Clover on the Skeleton.

And so the kids can meander through and play the game

of their choice and get prize tickets!

>>> [Narrator] Clover Buds, Ruth Moser, and Easton Wall

helped put the dinner together earlier in the night.

While they're getting the chance to win tickets

at the carnival, having the opportunity to give back

is the big highlight.

>>> Well to, I can't say the word.

It's like to do my part and be best and do what they need

and help out others.

>>> [Interviewer] What's your favorite thing

to do at the carnival?

>>> To um win prize and sometimes to just give kids

that don't have a lot of tickets to give some.

>>> We learn, like… to… help other and…

We learn a lot of stuff.

>>> It really warms my heart that all of these supporters

have come to not only like visit with one another as kind

of a tradition and a community spirit going on here but

they know that their money's going to a worthwhile cause.

>>> Let's just hope it continues for another 39 years.

>>> [Narrator] In Washita County, I'm Curtis Hare.

(light upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson our crop marketing specialist

is here with us now.

Kim Oklahoma's cash wheat price continues to decline.

Give us an idea of what's going on.

>>> Well that wheat price is getting down close to where it

was November this time last year and then it, you know,

just wallowed around and then January, February

we got a little price rally out of it.

It may be like that.

I think that what's going on is Russia's just taking

everybody's market.

You know they've harvested three billion bushels or more

of wheat; average protein is 12.4 percent

so they've got that protein market and that protein market

is extremely important right now.

You've got Ukraine right behind 'em with record,

or near record production and their taking the market.

They've taken the market from European Union,

from Australia, from Argentina.

They're even shipping wheat into Venezuela

and that's that Argentine market right there.

So the worlds a wash of wheat and Russia's got

some good product to put on the market

and they're taking our export sales.

>>> Now some of the questions that market analysts are asking

right now is how planted acres this year

compare to last year.

>>> Well the general consensus and the answer I understand

their getting it's gonna be down somewhere from five to 10

percent so they're using about seven and a half percent.

I think that's about right for Oklahoma.

Last year we planted four point five million acres.

That gets us down at 10 percent, down near four million

acres and that's the lowest that we've been in

since around '42 or go back to 1918 would be the two

years that we were below four point one or four point two

million acres.

>>> What's the market offering them

for the new 2018 wheat crop?

>>> Well you look at that KCG Light contract, it's around

470; the base is running say about 80 under.

That would give you about 390.

You know some areas it's 95 under, some areas 70,

but somewhere right at four dollars

or just below four dollars.

>>> There's always high hopes this time of year

as the seeds are getting in the ground.

Is there any way that wheat producers

can get five dollar wheat?

>>> Yes there is and I think it's gonna depend

on good management and a little bit of luck.

Now I don't think we're gonna get,

our lower acres I don't thinks gonna help us much.

You know, we were down this last year and we got about

the same price; what's gonna help producers

is if they can produce test weight and protein.

The world is a wash in wheat

but there is a shortage of protein.

Not just wheat protein, but protein.

You see producers raising soy beans and around the world

going to the pulse crops to generate protein

or produce protein.

We can produce protein and test weight, we'll have

five dollar wheat; you give me 11 six to 12 protein wheat

and 59 or better test weight and I believe the market

will give you five dollars and maybe even closer to six.

The market needs protein.

>>> And a lot of people like the sound of those prices.

Kim thanks a lot.

We'll see you next week.

(light music)

 

Vet Scripts

>>> Most small remnant producers realize that the number one

health problem that we have in sheep and goats is

gastrointestinal parasites or what we commonly refer to as

worms and when we treat these animals and they don't respond

we usually think oh one we waited too late to start our

treatment, or second, those worms are resistant to

the de-wormers we used.

And those are two probably good reasons why we do have

failure of treatment.

But one other reason that we might have failure of treatment

is that we're not dealing with gastrointestinal parasites.

We're actually dealing with another disease

and one of those diseases that really mimics worms

in sheep and goats is diseases called Johne's.

It infects the lower portion of the small intestines

which results in the intestine not being able to absorb

the nutrients out of the food that's eaten.

And these animals will literally starve to death

even though they have a really good appetite.

>>> Most animals are infected

at a very early age.

The organism can be found in manure, milk,

and colostrum of infected animals.

The organism is very slow growing,

so most the animals that are infected will be

at least two years old up to seven years old

before they begin to get sick.

The most common sign that we see

in sheep and goats is weight loss.

Animals with Johne's disease,

a lot of times in the later stages,

will get bottle jaw,

they will be anemic, which mimics

what we usually see in gastrointestinal parasites.

Diagnosing Johne's can be difficult.

As we stated before, the organism grows very slow

so cultures take a long time.

I strongly recommend that you get

a veterinarian involved if you think

you have a problem with Johne's

and devise a plan to try to get it diagnosed.

There is no treatment for Johne's.

The disease is always fatal.

If you get Johne's in your herd

and you start to control it,

you have to control the disease

through managing the manure,

keeping everything as clean as possible,

and eliminating those animals that are affected.

If you'd like more information about Johne's disease,

if you will go to Sunup@okstate.edu

we'll put some information there for you.

(upbeat country music)

 

Naturally Speaking

>>> A big part of habitat management

for whitetail deer is increasing food resources.

But typically, landowners are focused mostly

on food resources during hunting season.

But, that's actually not when deer

have the highest nutritional demands.

You need to think about the full calendar year.

Particularly food that is gonna be available

during the early summer, when they're developing antlers

or when they're nursing fawns.

These are when they really have

incredibly high nutrition demands.

And so, if you want to increase food resources

during the whole year, you need to think

about more than just a food plot.

Do this through creating forest at openings

or thinning our forest.

A simple way is to pick areas on your property

that are eastern red cedar.

Usually those areas have very little

in the under store for whitetails.

In those spots we can just cut

the cedar down and burn, which is what's been done here.

And then if you just maintain that with fire

maybe once every three to seven years,

you can keep that in a composition

that'll really be beneficial for deer

and meet their nutritional needs.

So think about nutrition beyond just the hunting season.

Think about what deer actually are consuming

throughout the year, which is mostly forbs,

broadleaf plants, and vines, and shrubs.

They do not consume a lot of grasses

so if your property is dense grass

you might think about practices

like prescribed fire that can get

more broadleaf plants on the property.

(upbeat country music)

 

The Turf we share

>>> Finally, today we're talking about Bedlam football.

The rivalry between OU and OSU is storied and fierce.

Except when it comes to turf grass.

We caught up with our turf grass scientist

to talk turf technology.

And the reason why OSU will always have the home field

advantage regardless of where the teams play.

>>> We feel the team feels a great sense of pride

in the development of these products.

We've put a lot of hard work in it.

Well the turf grass team is excited

concerning the release of OKC 1131.

We've been working hard in recent years

as well, continuing to try to keep

outstanding winter hardiness in the Bermuda grass

and still improve the texture, and density,

and color, and performance in terms of traffic tolerance.

It's gonna be available only in vegetative form.

It seldom flowers and it does not produce viable seed.

So it's gonna have to be vegetatively propagated

such as sprigs or sod.

At this time the technology development center

at OSU is negotiating for finding

commercial growers of the product.

So right now, it's not available

for purchase, even though it's been released.

First of all, we are talking about

an interspecific hybrid Bermuda grass.

They deliver outstanding quality

but there is maintenance expectations.

These are not low maintenance grasses.

These are also grasses that aren't adapted well

to cutting heights at three and four inches.

They're lower growing grasses and you're gonna

have to cut 'em fairly close.

So for instance, if one would like

any of these modern hybrid Bermudas

on a lawn, they really should be looking

at mowing heights no higher than 1 1/2 inches.

Modern turf breeding program for Bermuda grass

at Oklahoma State started in 1986

but actually varieties weren't really released

until the early 2000s.

The varieties of improved turf type

for Bermuda grasses were Yukon,

the first seeded turf type improved

Bermuda grass with improved cold hardiness

or winter hardiness, followed closely

by the release, Riviera.

And in fact, Riviera was used

on the 2008 Beijing Olympics

on the baseball fields.

It wasn't but a short time after the release

of Riviera that Patriot Bermuda grass was released.

That was our first turf type vegetatively propagated

interspecific hybrid Bermuda grasses.

Well Patriot received use on several professional stadiums

around the U.S. but also it can still be found

on OSU's Hedge practice field.

During the 2010 time period, OSU released

two improved hybrid Bermuda grasses

and those were the lines,

OKC 1119, which was named Latitude 36

and also OKC 1134, which was named Northbridge.

Those Bermuda grasses are used around Oklahoma

on both lawn and also sports field applications,

most notably at OU's field, Owens Stadium.

Latitude 36 is used for the game field and also

on their practice fields they use Northbridge.

We think it's great.

We wanna see our groups perform well.

We're all Oklahomans so we love to see

other state schools win but of course,

when you play OSU, we would like to see OU lose.

We are still working on trying to get a grass

that turns orange during the game

for a short period of time, in celebration

of the cowboys, but we haven't got there

but we're still trying.

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime online,

on our website, sunup.okstate.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone.

And remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at Sunup.

(mellow music)

 

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