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SUNUP TV 
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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 17, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Fire in the wheat field. How to keep everyone safe
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Naturally Speaking: Best time to cut meadows for wildlife
  • The fifth generation of Krehbiel is in the driver seat

 

 (bright music) 

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to SUNUP, I'm Lyndall Stout.

 Wheat harvest is in full swing here in Caddo County.

 We'll ride along with the Craybull family in the combine a little bit later in the show.

 But first SUNUP's Dave Deken has some important information that should help your harvest stay on track

and help make sure it doesn't turn into a disaster.

 

Fire in the wheat field. How to keep everyone safe

>>> I would say that probably 75% of the fires start in the engine area around the exhaust system.

 A lot of the times it's due to improper maintenance or a lot of material build up.

 A lot of times when we're trying to harvest we're really pushing the envelope.

 We have some really short windows, so we put a lot of stress on our engine systems.

 If you look at any combine there's gonna be tons of different types of pulleys,

 bearings, shafts, lot's of things are going on in the combine itself.

 So being able to maintain those belt systems,

when our belts get worn they tend to slip.

 Slip creates friction which creates heat.

 Bearings, when bearings aren't lubricated properly,

and even if they are over time they'll wear out,

and eventually the seals will rupture and we're gonna have issues with dry bearings.

 Dry bearings means heat

and we can have bearings that get red hot and that's gonna cause issue with that.

 A good way to check for your bearings is to use a little infrared thermometer.

 It makes a really good way to kind of get the combine out of the shed,

run it up for the season,

let it run for a little bit,

and then you can go through and check all the points for different temperatures very quickly.

 It's very difficult to tell whether that bearing's hot unless it's red hot to the touch,

but it doesn't have to get that hot to cause some fire issues.

 In the day, clean things off making sure that we don't have a lot of material there packed around things.

 And then looking at eliminating the hot spots in areas where we could have issues with heat.

>>> When the fire is going on the combine and it moves to the ground,

what are some of the things that we need to be thinking about?

>>> I guess probably a lot of things we need to be thinking about possibly before that would ever even happen.

 So again, we've heard about fire extinguishers for sure,

and you can't have enough of those fire extinguishers,

and I would equip not only your combines,

but I'd have it in your tractor,

I'd have it in your service vehicles,

and your other vehicles that you're having on harvest and working with that.

 I think another thing that would help a lot to be prepared for

is already have your local volunteer

or rural fire department phone number plugged into your phone.

 If the fire leaves the piece of machinery,

gets on the ground especially in wheat, it's gonna burn quickly.

 It's gonna burn with a high intensity,

and it's gonna burn rapidly.

 So it's gonna move very quickly.

 So one of the main things is never get in front of that fire.

 Think about just a little bit of logistics about how's the wind blowing,

where we need to park stuff so in case the fire does come it's blowing away from all of our equipment.

>>> And this time of year June, July,

the winds moving pretty quick so it's gonna move that fire quick.

>>> It's gonna move that fire very quickly.

 You're not gonna be able to out run it.

 And again like I said, it's just like a dormant grass fire,

it's gonna be able to go faster then you can go.

 And so that would be the next thing that I would mention to people,

that if you are in a vehicle, combine, tractor, service vehicle, truck, whatever,

and the fire is coming towards you

and the vehicle becomes incapacitated,

you get stuck, it quits running, does whatever, stay in that vehicle.

 That's a scary thought to think about and a lot of times it goes against what we think,

but that is the safest place to be if you're gonna get overtaken by that fire.

 Stay in those vehicles with the windows up.

 The fire will go by, granted you might burn some wiring up,

it might blow the tires out, it's not Holly-Wood it's not gonna blow the gas tank,

the vehicle is not gonna blow up, things like that.

 And then you can safely get out, but you will never out run that fire.

 The most unsafe place you can be is outside that vehicle if it's not on fire but you can't move it and the fire is coming towards you.

 (bright music) 

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Cow-calf producers with fall calving herds will very soon,

if not already be weaning those fall-born calves.

 This is a tough time to wean calves, just because of the summer heat.

 And that brings up a key point about getting ready to wean those fall-born calves

and that's to make sure that we have adequate water available for both the cows and the calves.

 Fence-line weaning is a management tool that we've talked about for years

where we just separate the cows and the calves by a single fence

so that they can see, hear, smell each other and therefore we have less stress on the calves during the weaning process.

 But by doing the fence-line weaning in summertime,

it puts a lot of pressure on our water capabilities to provide water for both sides of that fence.

 Water for both the cows and the calves.

 I think it's important that we understand how much water is going to be needed

for these cows and calves during this weaning process.

 University of Georgia animal scientists recently put out a publication estimating the water needs of cows in the summer time

and they were using about 90 degrees as the high temperature

 and they basically boiled this down to something that's pretty simple, and therefore pretty useful, I think.

 They suggest that lactating beef cows need two gallons of water for every 100 pounds of body weight.

 And so if you've got 1,200 pound cows that means that every day those cows are going to consume about 24 gallons of water.

 The calves, on the other hand,

need about one gallon per 100 pounds of body weight.

 And so we're looking at someplace between five and six, seven gallons of water for each one of those calves each day.

 This will help give you some idea of the amount of water that we're gonna have to supply,

 if it's with rural water or in our tanks from wells,

so that we have enough water in that area where we're going to separate those cows and calves during this weaning process

to make sure that they get through the weaning stress as easily as possible.

 Also, this comes in handy if you're going to estimate water needs

for cattle that you're going to put in a new pasture that you've just rented

or purchased to give you some idea of the amount of water that'll be needed in the summertime for these cattle.

 Again, the rule of thumb is two gallons of water for lactating cows for 100 pounds of body weight.

 One gallon of water for 100 pounds for those that are not lactating.

 We hope this gives you a good idea of the kind of water needs that you'll need for your herd at weaning time,

or any time during the summer.

 And we look forward to visiting with you again next week on SunUp's Cow-Calf Corner.

 (country music) 

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Exports are playing an increasing role in the beef industry and Derrell,

kind of walk us through how they're actually playing a role in that.

>>> Well exports, you know add value in several different ways.

 Obviously we think about selling more products when we have more markets that ask us.

 So additional volume, if you will is part of it.

 Some markets we can export to that have a higher value in those markets than they do in the U.S.

 So we add additional value in that sense.

 One of the roles that I think people often overlook is the fact that beef produces lots of different products,

every critter produces a whole set of products and we don't utilize those very well in the U.S.

  And yet it's perishable product.

 They're gonna get eaten, so the more you can export things that we have less demand for in the U.S.

 to some other market where it maybe has the higher value, but more importantly it doesn't detract from value in the U.S.

 And again, those products are gonna get eaten

so the more we can move those products out it lets our domestic demand really focus on

the higher valued products that are more in demand here.

>>> Now you were talking about foreign markets there.

 What are some of our major export markets?

>>> Well there are five markets that really account for the bulk of our exports at this time.

 Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Canada, and Hong Kong at this point in time are the five biggest markets.

>>> Now we didn't hear China on that list.

 There's been some Chinese news here lately.

>>> A lot of work recently.

 A lot of talk about getting the Chinese market open for the first time in many years.

 The agreement's in place.

  And so over time, this could be a very, very important market for the U.S.

 I think the key there is probably over time.

 I don't think it will be immediately.

 You know, international trade involves really sort of two major steps.

 One is the political step of getting access,

determining what the stipulations and restrictions are gonna be.

 And that's kind of what we got this week,

was those details on what it takes to qualify for that market.

 And then the market itself has to work in terms of figuring out what products are demanded,

what the value of those products will be in that market.

And so on.

 And of course, we're gonna have to make some changes and incur some additional cost in the U.S.

 to get those products to that market.

 So there's a lot of market forces that have to work here,

and again, over time, I think it will be a very important market, but it will take some time.

>>> Now, we've been talking about exports.

 U.S. also brings in beef also.

 Does that kind of dilute the U.S. market?

>>> You know, people think of that, obviously imports competing with our domestic production.

 But in the case of beef, it's kinda unique.

 It really doesn't,

because the products that we import in beef are primarily for processing for ground beef market,

and it's driven by our huge hamburger market.

 And we when we bring in products that help us balance the mix of lean and fat that goes into ground beef,

 it actually allows us to utilize our domestic production for higher value.

 So it seems counter-intuitive and a little bit frustrating sometimes to people,

but exports, or imports of beef actually add value to the U.S. beef industry,

because again, it lets us utilize our products to a higher total value.

>>> Where do we get a lot of this imported beef from?

>>> Again, there are five major markets that are the principal sources of U.S. beef imports.

 So Australia, Canada last year was number two, New Zealand, Mexico, and then Brazil make up the top five markets right now.

>>> Okay, thank you much.

 Derrell Peel.

 Livestock Marketing Specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 (upbeat country music) 

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Summer's heat moved in from the west this week.

 On Tuesday, two Mesonet locations hit the 100 degree mark.

 Hooker and Beaver.

 Our statewide map shows the higher band of heat as dark red in the panhandle.

 Wednesday, that dark red map band shifted eastward,

stretching from the southwest to north central part of the state.

 Hollis on Wednesday afternoon had a high of 103.

 Nearby Altus had 100 degree high.

  With Mesonet weather censors,

we can go beyond air temperature to learn what the real heat risk is for people and animals.

 The wet bulb globe temperature is an index that combines air temperature,

relative humidity, wind, and sunlight.

 Those four weather variables interact to push the risk of heat illness up or down

at any given time of the day.

 On Wednesday, the maximum wet bulb globe temperature was in the yellow

moderate risk category over most of Oklahoma.

 There were a few red pockets of high risk.

 Hollis in the southwest, and McCurtain and Pushmataha counties in the southeast.

 Air temperature was the main driver over Hollis.

 In the southeast, it was the higher relative humidities

and lower wind speeds.

 Enjoying summer is all about rolling with the heat.

Staying hydrated, getting acclimated,

and knowing when to avoid dangerous extreme heat situations.

Here's Gary with a look at drier Oklahoma conditions.

>>> Thanks Alan.

 Good morning everyone.

 Well, it was fun while it lasted, but unfortunately, drought is back in Oklahoma.

 Let's go right to the map and see what we have.

 We do see that little bit of tan color down in south central Oklahoma

and just a smidge down around Hollis and far southwest Oklahoma.

 That is moderate drought.

 It is starting to creep back into the state.

 You see the yellow colors, that's abnormally dry conditions.

 That's not drought itself,

but that is a precursor to drought.

 And so from far west central Oklahoma up into Harper and Beaver County,

and then up in north central Oklahoma through Osage County,

and down there in southeast Oklahoma,

we do see those drought precursor conditions starting to develop.

 Let's take a look at the rainfall percentage normal maps for the last 30 and 60 days,

and you can see what I'm talking about.

 30 days, way too much red and orange on there.

 Sorry Bedlam fans, those aren't good colors on rainfall maps.

 Some people did have a good rainfalls,

 up to 200 plus percent of normal from southwestern into southeastern Oklahoma.

 So this isn't just a 30 day thing.

 This is starting to last two months or longer.

 And so we do need the last bit of June to kick in before July gets here,

because July is usually nasty in Oklahoma.

 Now unfortunately, I don't see much rainfall or any drenchers on the horizon.

 If we take a look at this eight to 14 day outlook.

 This is valid for June 21st through the 27th.

 We see increased odds of below normal precipitation.

 We've had a lot of wet Junes and Julys.

 The last bit of June, and in July over the last few years,

so hopefully something like that will develop.

 If not, brace yourselves.

 (upbeat guitar music)

Flash drought will be in our minds.

 That's it for this time.

 We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

  (acoustic music) 

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist, is here.

 Kim, this past Monday,

wheat prices took a hit and then recovered.

 What's going on now?

>>> Well I think those hit and recoveries was basically the funds buyin' and sellin' contracts.

 You talk about last Friday and Monday they sold,

it was reported at 10 thousand contracts,

but they were sellin' those or buyin' those in response to what's goin' on in the market.

 It looked like production was goin' relatively well.

 We've got a glut of world wheat and so they were sellin' it into that.

 And then on Monday, the crop condition report came out.

 The spring wheat crops in significantly worse condition than the market thought.

 And so the reaction was lower hard red spring production in US and Canada,

then prices should go up.

 So I think it was a reaction to that.

>>> What price levels then are you watching?

>>> Well, I'm watching that July contract.

 We've been watching that 450 level.

 We were above it last week,

and I was cautiously optimistic about prices moving up a little bit,

and then we've got Friday down and then Monday they just took it down 11 cents down to 443 below that.

 I thought, oh, man we're not gonna get the prices.

 We're back up, hit 460.

 450, that's a critical level; we gotta hold 450.

 I think our next level's at 470 to 475.

 I'll be be glad and it goes over 470 and I'll be really glad if it goes over 475.

 'Cause if we can do that, we'll hit $5 on that July contract

and that'll be my four and a quarter in Oklahoma for cash prices.

>>> With all of this happening, any changes in marketing strategies?

>>> No, I don't think so.

 I think just stagger it in the market.

 Don't get greedy, just move it in a little bit at a time.

 Take advantage of these rallies.

 The foreign crop's gonna determine what our prices are gonna do.

 We get increased production, we can lose a dollar real easy.

 On the other side, if we continue, our foreign crops go a little less,

we could pick up $1, $2, maybe $2.50, so stagger it in the market.

>>> Of course, canola harvest also underway.

 How are canola prices looking?

>>> They're better.

 They've been improvin'.

 We picked up about 15 cents over the last week or so.

 Oklahoma, you really need to sell your canola at harvest.

 One, most elevators require ya to turn over ownership,

you can price it later.

 So, I think in canola, they're movin' up.

 There's a slight up-trend.

 I wouldn't bet on it because there was report that German canola production's gonna be higher

and it looks like if canola production goes up, you know what happens to your price.

>>> Exactly.

 Last minute advice for producers?

>>> Like I said, don't get greedy in this market.

 You get a rally, take advantage of it.

 I wouldn't sell it all at once, I'd stagger it in the market.

 I'd plan on holdin' some to get out into that November/December time period because Australia is havin' problems.

 They're significantly lower crop than they've had in the past.

 It's still about average,

but if they have additional problems,

then our price will go higher and I think producers will wanna have some wheat to take advantage of that.

>>> Okay, terrific.

 Kim, we'll see you next week, thank you.

 (acoustic music)

 

 Naturally Speaking: Best time to cut meadows for wildlife

>>> In Oklahoma,

 the optimum time to cut native grass for hay is the first part of July,

before July 15th.

  This will optimize the amount of total forage with the quality.

 If you wait 'til after July 15th,

the quality of the forage starts declinin' rapidly

 and if you cut the hay in June, 

then you're not gonna get a lot of production.

 There's just not gonna be a lot of biomass.

 You're not gonna have a lot of bales although the quality would be very high.

 Some of the producers will try to cut their native grass fields early,

like late May even,

but certainly into early June,

so that they can get a second cutting in August.

 And so the first cutting you end up with a really high quality hay product

but you don't get very much quantity at all.

 Usually, biomass production is still low until late June,

so you don't get a lot of bales.

 In that second cutting, you get a lot of volume but the quality is very poor.

 It might only be 25% of what it would've been back in late June.

 So, neither cutting is very good.

 The first one is high quality but low quantity;

the second one is just the opposite.

 So, to really optimize, we recommend that people cut the very first part of July.

 Research has shown that multiple cuttings on native grasslands

can shift the plant community to somethin' that's undesirable from a hay standpoint,

also from a wildlife standpoint,

but additionally, if you're cutting the field in May or June,

this is the peak reproduction season for lots of wildlife includin' ground0-nesting birds, small mammals like rabbits.

 This is when deer fawns are on the ground and are vulnerable.

 This is also the time of year when things like box turtles are actively movin' around.

 So, if you're out cutting hay during May or June, you're gonna cause a lot of wildlife mortality.

And you're not going to optimize the quantity and quality  of the forage that you could be cutting for hay.

 In addition to the wildlife benefits,  there's also a lot of insect benefits.

 People are increasingly concerned about pollinators.

 Pollinators, of course, are critically important for our food supply.

 They also provide lots of ecological services.

 Things like native bees, butterflies, and moths, 

that are really important, beneficial insects for pollinating our food crops.

 A lot of these insects are in the larval stage during early summer.

 Also, for the insects that are already adults,

they're feeding because they're actively using these fields for nectar sources.

 There's just a lot of negatives that you need to think about when you're mowing.

 You're in that peak blooming period of early summer.

 (upbeat music) 

 

The fifth generation of Krehbiel is in the driver seat

>>> Now back to wheat harvest in Caddo County,

and another bittersweet milestone for the Krehbiel family.

>>> We started cutting last Tuesday and got a pretty good start.

 Had a rain delay that kinda set us back a few days,

and then have had a really pretty good start to this week so far.

>>> [Reporter] Just like it's been for five generations,

wheat harvest is a family affair on the Krehbiel farm in Caddo County.

 This year, however, the fifth generation is truly taking the lead.

>>> We are definitely missing people,

so having an adjustment of not having our usual crew out in the field

is a little bit different this year.

>>> We first rode with Brittney Krehbiel four years ago at age 17,

the summer before her senior year of high school.

 She and her grandfather, Wayne, managed harvest, along with her mother, Karen,

in the years following the death of her father, Jeff.

 Brittany pledged to her family and to herself to make farming her career after college.

 Her story touched hearts and resonated with people around the world.

 Now the next chapter is well under way.

 Her beloved grandfather passed away in December at age 85.

  Brittany says he never really retired.

 Most farmers don't.

>>> He had a twinkle in his eye from early on,

because I think he knew how it was gonna work out.

 He never tried to convince me though.

 He never tried to force me to stay.

 He never tried to force me to come back.

 I think he just always knew that it was enough in my blood.

 He wasn't gonna have to worry about that part.

 (laughs)

 It was tough for him to let go, 

but I think he also knew that the future was bright,

and he was willing to do everything he could to make sure I had a good start.

>>> [Reporter] That farming skill passed down by her grandfather and her dad,

and continued support from her mother,

other employees, and uncle Randy, a long-time Tulsaworld reporter, means it all works at harvest time.

>>> Basically I try not to set the field on fire,

but they always find stuff for me to do.

>>> [Reporter] A sense of humor also helps and a genuine sense of pride.

>>> I think it's like with your own kids.

 You want it to work out for them.

 But it's a big job.

 I think people who have never done this sort of thing don't realize how big of a job it is.

>>> [Reporter] In the combine,

we talk about wheat varieties, soil, classic country music, and as the header turns,

the time that's available to just think and heal.

>>> Even this year I realized, you know I don't cry like I used to.

 I don't just stop.

 It doesn't take my breath away as much as it used to.

 There are still days that it does,

but it's not as much anymore, which is kind of bittersweet, I guess.

>>> [Reporter] Looking to the future helps too.

 She's now a senior at Oklahoma State University and will graduate in December.

 Spring wedding plans are also in the works.

 Logan Hukill is Brittany's fiance.

 He's studying toward a career in healthcare and helping with harvest.

>>> Mainly I've been getting everything fixed, really.

 Brittany said she's the farmer and I'm the fixer,

so we got the old wheat truck running again,

and that's basically what I've been doing is driving the wheat truck.

>>> [Reporter] They'll settle here after the wedding.

>>> We've had wheat for over 100 years on these acres,

so to be generation five it means I get to produce  a generation six.

 I get to be here when we get to pass it on again.

 For me, it's just kinda protect what we have,

but also get it to grow and get it to flourish so that when generation six comes along they have the opportunity to do exactly what I've done.

>>> One of the greatest lessons you can learn from the Krehbiel family is as soon as Brittany was capable,

her father and her grandfather had her right there beside them,

 and they weren't just teaching her the How of the farm, but the Why.

 And understanding the How and the Why of the farm operations is critical to preparing your successor.

 When they understand that and there does happen to be the loss of a stakeholder,

the next person in line can jump right in there and take over the management role without a gap.

>>> [Narrator] Plenty of farm transition resources are available at your county extension office or by checking out the links on the SUNUP website.

 (upbeat guitar strumming) 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

 Remember you can find us anytime on our website and also follow us on social media.

 I'm Lyndall Stout from Caddo County, and we'll see you next time at SUNUP.

  (guitar strumming, harmonica music) 

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