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Transcript January 23, 2016

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Grass Tetany
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner: Passive Immunity
  • Livestock Market
  • Shop Stop
  • Learning About Water 


Grass Tetany

>> Hello everyone and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We begin today with some herd management advice for those of you with cattle on wheat.

Here's our extension beef cattle specialist, Dave Lalman.

>> Grass Tetany is a mineral imbalance, and if a cow has a severe case of Tetany, she won't be able to get up.

 With treatment from a veterinarian, if a producer or owner finds a cow that's down, they should immediately contact their veterinarian, because early intervention is important.

But generally speaking, they'll salivate, and they stumble around a lot.

They just don't have a very good gait, but most of the time, they're down when they're found.

 >> Now, in terms of the times of the year that you see this, we're getting ready for that season.

It's kind of around calving season?

>> Well, what causes it is the mineral imbalance, and so that's going to occur when forage is lush.

So there's a couple of times in Oklahoma when that happens.

One is in the fall, when we turn out on wheat, and cattle may go from a moderate type quality of forage to really high quality wheat forage.

The other time of year is in the spring when forage is green up.

We generally don't see this problem in native range land, but you do see it in the introduced forages, particularly fescue, brome, timothy.

Not so much in Bermuda grass, not that it hasn't ever happened on Bermuda grass.

But in the introduced forages and wheat, what you have when that forage is really young, lush and growing rapidly, is you have very high potassium concentration very high nitrogen, or in nutrition, we usually think of high nitrogen as high protein content, and high phosphorous content.

On the other hand, magnesium and calcium are really low, that time of year and that kind of forage, and so cattle do store magnesium and calcium in their bones primarily.

Well, as the cow gets older, she loses her ability to sequester that magnesium from her bones.

And so you see this problem more in older cows and not so much in young growing cattle.

And, of course, you see it more when their requirements for calcium and magnesium are high.

And that happens to be when she calves and during early lactation.

 >> So, in terms of prevention, what can I do?

What do I need to do to supplement some of these deficits?

>> Okay, well, the most logical fix is probably just provide a little bit of magnesium and calcium supplement, either in a feed concentrate like a two, three, four pounds a day of a cube, or some sort of a grain mix, or whatever.

Put some, be sure and ask your feed person, professional to include some calcium and magnesium.

And then some people just supply additional calcium and magnesium to the free choice mineral program.

So, if you want to talk about the details for the free choice minerals just for a minute, you'll see a lot of commercial products on the market that are made to prevent grass Tetany.

Generally speaking, all you have to do is supply somewhere in the neighborhood of 8 to 12 grams of magnesium per day.

And so to do that, if you have a commercial product that, say, supplies 10, the feed tag says 10% magnesium, and the cows consume on average about two ounces a day, that's about 60 grams.

Well, 60 grams times 10% magnesium is six grams of magnesium a day.

If they're eating four ounces, that's 120 grams, and so that's 12 grams a day.

And so the cattle need to get, during these high risk time periods, they need to get somewhere between 6 and 12 grams of supplemental magnesium, and that should do it.

And then, as far as the calcium goes, you know a free choice mineral program during those times of year should probably contain somewhere between 12, 15, or 16% calcium.

>> Okay, and then bottom line, I mean, death occurs as you mentioned, but then if a cow is down and appears to be troubled, it's best to call the vet as soon as possible?

>> Yes, and they will come out if they can get there in a timely fashion, and generally intravenously inject a solution of calcium and magnesium, and it's just, it's miraculous.

If they're able to get there in time, those cattle generally just have a very, well, nearly miraculous recovery.

 >> Okay, save that investment.

Alright, Dave Lalman, thanks a lot.

We'll see you again soon.

And for information on Grass Tetany, just go to sunup.okstate.edu .

 

Mesonet Weather

>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet Weather Report.

This winter has been an on again off again winter, especially for those without electricity for a week or more after Christmas.

Heading out the door has been a new adventure every day.

Warm, cold, calm, windy, dry, frosty.

And this week we saw temperatures rotate around the state.

Temperatures Tuesday afternoon across the north were in the 30s, over in the panhandle afternoon highs were in the 40s.

Moving south it was cooler in the southwest and southeast, with the warmest afternoon highs in the south central part of the state, the green map area.

Tuesday afternoon the maximum air temperatures ranged from a cool 30 degrees at May Ranch near Alva to a warm 60 degrees at Durant.

On Wednesday afternoon it was Goodwell in the panhandle that recorded a 60 degree high.

Durant only made it to 39 degrees on Wednesday.

The coolest afternoon maximum air temperature was 27 degrees recorded at both Newkirk and Foraker.

A lot of Mesonet sites had highs in the 30s, while towards the southern areas of the state Wednesday afternoon highs crept into the 40.

 Our warm winter days will be reflected in how early wheat fields reach the first hollow stem stage.

That's the stage of wheat when continued grazing dramatically decreases grain yield.

A Mesonet first hollow stem advisor map through January 19th showed that all Mesonet sites were short of the needed 576 heat units to trigger the need for scouting fields of wheat with early first hollow stem varieties.

Looking ahead to January 27th, wheat fields with early first hollow stem varieties in Murray County and in Choctaw and McCurtain counties, are predicted to have enough heat units to warrant scouting for first hollow stem, the yellow and green areas.

If we jump ahead a week and a half to February 3rd, it's likely that wheat fields across the southern quarter of the state will need to be scouted.

The orange areas are reaching the recommended stage to pull cattle off if they are not scouted.

We have two rainfall maps that really show the huge amount of moisture our Christmas storm was carrying.

If we go back two weeks from January 6th to the 20th, every Mesonet site recorded rainfall from two small storm systems that passed through the state.

The highest precipitation total from January 6th through the 20th was one and 23 hundredths inches at Durant.

The lowest amount was four hundredths of an inch at Oklahoma City North.

Our 30 day rainfall map from December 21st through January 20th shows the incredible amount of moisture in the Christmas storm of 2015.

Most of the precipitation amounts in the red areas were in the 10 to 12 inches range.

Locations in the yellow and orange areas ran from four to seven inches.

The green areas ranged mostly between two and three inches.

The areas colored blue had precipitation amounts below a half inch of water.

That's for joining us for this edition of the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Market Monitor

>> Kim Anderson, our cut marketing specialist, joins us now, and Kim, let's just start off with an overview of what's been going on in the markets this week.

 >> Essentially nothing, you look at that KC March contract, or July contract, just wallering around, plus or minus a nickel or two.

The March contracts, it's got support down at $4.65, it's got resistance at around $4.80, it's running somewhere around $4,70, $4.75 in that, if you want to widen that out just a little bit, it hadn't been there in the last couple of weeks.

It's got a floor right now, a strong support at $4.51, and resistance at $4.96, and if you wanna convert that to July contract, just add 20 cents to that March, and that's about where it's gonna hit those numbers.

 >> Now normally, markets are a little bit more volatile, why are things so quiet right now?

 >> Well, there's just nothing going on, you got the 2015, 16, marking your wheat crop, it's all in the bin, we've completed the southern hemisphere harvest.

You've got the winter wheat crops, we've got estimates of the acreage, planted acres around the world, those crops, US, Ukraine, Russia, France, wherever, they're in dormancy, and they won't be coming out of dormancy until late February, early March.

So there's really just nothing going on in the market, and you listen to market analysts, and they've got to look for smoke and mirrors to fill their time.

 >> Let's talk about US export prices, and how they look in comparison to competitors.

 >> Well, the US export price is well above the competitors, you look at Argentina, of course Argentina, they dropped that 23% export tax, and their crop right now, their export, wheat is 84 cents a bushel less than the US wheat.

Russia, I read that they were exporting 12 and a half percent protein wheat, that's a good quality wheat for 68 cents a bushel less than the US wheat.

And the French, soft bread wheat is running about the same level as the Russian crop, so right now, our wheat is priced well above the world's market price.

 >> With that in mind, what's your harvest price projection, then?

>> Well, you look at it, harvest, I've been talking about $4.50 in central Oklahoma, it'd be a little less than that in southern, maybe a little higher than that northern.

I'd say $4.50 to $4.75 with the less planted acres that we got reported on a week or so ago, and so, I think it's right in that $4.50 to $4.75 level, and we'll just have to wait and harvest to see how good that projection is.

 >> Between now and then, economic strategy for producers, then?

>> I think what producers need to be thinking about right now is getting their equipment ready for harvest, I think they need to look at top-dressing the wheat, make sure that they've got the nutrients to produce a quality crop.

A big problem would be a large crop, and it's low-protein, and it's not marketable, and you need that 12, 12 1/2 percent protein to match that Russian wheat, or the Ukrainian wheat that they're gonna be exporting.

I think they need to look at the top-dressing, I think they need to make sure they understand how much they've got invested in this wheat crop, so that they can calculate their cost of production on a per-bushel basis to help them market the wheat as we come into next year.

And then I think they need to look at their economic situation, and make plans for finishing out this crop and establishing a 16 crop.

 >> Okay, Kin Anderson, thanks a lot, we'll see you next week.

 

Cow-Calf Corner: Passive Immunity

>> During this upcoming calving season, or any calving season for that matter, you're bound to have the situation where you bring in a cow or especially a first calf heifer that needs some assistance at calving time.

When that baby calf is finally born, it probably will have what we call a degree of respiratory acidosis.

What do those big words mean? 

What that means is during the delivery process the calf was deprived of oxygen for a while and there was a build-up of carbon dioxide in especially the blood and the blood gases then are out of balance.

If we watch closely, any calf that's born, shortly after he's delivered, will pant pretty rapidly, and that's his natural reaction to try to correct the respiratory acidosis that we've described.

In the case where we've had a real difficult birth, and it's taken a while to deliver that calf, especially in the cases of those backwards calves, then we may have a calf that doesn't get that fast rapid breathing soon enough and we need to help him out.

First of all we want to clean the membranes and the mucous out of the nostrils and out of the mouth of that baby calf.

And then I would suggest that we tickle his nose  with a stiff straw, make him snort, cough, or sneeze so that he contracts the diaphragm muscle that allows the lungs to expand and bring in more oxygen.

After that happens then we expect that calf to start to breathe rapidly, pant if you will, in order to correct the respiratory acidosis.

I would suggest that you resist the temptation, perhaps you've heard it at the coffee shop, to hang them over the top rail of a pipe fence.

I think that is counter-productive because you wanna remember that diaphragm muscle back there by his rear flank area is being basically cut off and pinched so that it can't expand, and can't let that calf start to breathing.

Use that method of tickling those nostrils with a straw, I think you'll have a lot more success, be a lot easier on the calf, and will get him started to where he's breathing quickly and having a best chance, then, of getting up, finding the teat, and nursing as soon as possible.

You remember that these calves that need some extra help, and especially ones that you have to help in get started breathing probably is not going to get the colostrum that we want him to have as soon as possible.

So you may have to supply some natural colostrum to him directly, or a commercial colostral replacer so that the calf gets the antibodies in his bloodstream as soon possible.

In this way I think we'll save just a few more calves and have a few more calves available to sell next year at weaning time.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Livestock Market

>> We're gettin' closer to puttin' an end to the first month of 2016, and Derrell, it's been a bumpy month.

 >> It really has, you know, for a lot of Ag markets, and most of it is kind of the external big picture stuff.

Concerns over China continue, they never really went away, but we heard a little bit less about them in the second half of 2015, back with a vengeance, it's affected the stock market, you know, the dollar's still very strong, and that's likely to continue.

Oil prices have continued to drop, all of those factors are affecting Ag markets, and certainly cattle and beef markets as well, adding a lot of uncertainty to the cattle industry where the fundamentals themselves are actually not that weak, but all of this uncertainty really contributes to a challenge for us.

 >> Okay, there've been some poultry news here lately, let's talk about the bird influenza.

 >> You know, there has been reports again, as feared, that avian influenza would break again, it's early in that process, some of it's low pathogenic stuff, a little bit of it is a form of high pathogenic stuff.

This will be a very dynamic situation more than likely over the next few days or weeks.

So we don't know what it is, however, the impact to some extent on the meat industry is pretty immediate, there's already been at least one country that has announced that they've shut the doors to trade again.

That was a problem in the first half of 2015, well, really, through most of 2015 for some markets, and so, you know, it could contribute to an additional challenge in that more of the broiler production in this country will wind up getting eaten in the US rather than being exported, and that will add to our meat supplies.

 >> And what does that do for the price of chicken for the consumer?

 >> Well, it may help moderate that a little bit.

You know, broiler production was forecast to be up about four percent this year, four to four-and-a-half percent.

But consumption, probably less than that because of the rebound and exports compared to last year, that may not happen now, so it will mean more domestic consumption than we earlier anticipated.

 >> Now, talking about exports, let's talk about the trade situation across the world.

 >> Well, you know, in terms of the cattle and beef industry, the latest data was still from November, well, we got a little bit to wrap up the year with the final data, but what we saw was a big change at the end of the year, kind of as expected.

We had a lot of imports of beef last year, but those really began to moderate in the last part of the year.

Exports haven't rebounded yet, although they were not down nearly as much, and that's kinda the situation as we go forward here, we're looking for much less imports in 2016.

At least steady exports in 2016, both of which are an improvement over last year, and on the cattle side we also saw significant reduction in Mexican cattle imports late in 2015, that'll probably continue in 2016 as well.

 >> Okay, thank you much, Derrell Peel, livestock marketing specialist, here at Oklahoma State University.

 

Shop Stop

>> Hi, welcome to Shop Stop.

Today we want to talk about flywheels, the small engines, lawnmowers, and timing issues.

 >> So, you know, it's that time of year where we start mowing again, and you're gonna go out there with your lawnmower and mow over Mama's lawn ornament, and suddenly the engine dies, and you can't get it started.

 >> One of the things that'll happen is it's got a key on the flywheel that actually keeps the timing on the engine correct, and I guess it's a good thing that you shear that pin, because it keeps you from doing damage to the engine, but now you've got to be able to pull the flywheel and put a new shear key in there.

 >> Right, and number one on the shear key is, is make sure you get the same one that the manufacturer recommends, don't make a steel shear key for these engines because it does save the crank shaft.

 >> The hard part is, is actually getting the engine and holding it steady while you're trying to get, or keeping it from rotating while you're trying to get the flywheel off.

 >> So that's what's in behind this flywheel like this, and it's held on with a nut, so sometimes these nuts are on there fairly tight, and it's difficult to get 'em off.

 >> If you got an impact wrench, you know, it's pretty easy to use that, or if you've got an older mower that the actual, the veins on the flywheel are cast, then there's a tool for grabbing those, or you can actually wedge a prybar or somethin' in there to hold that flywheel and keep the engine from rotating while you loosen the nut.

 >> But the new flywheels, as you can see, typically have plastic veins on 'em for the engine cooling, and so it's hard to grab onto, we're gonna show you a little trick on how to remove that nut without a tool.

 >> What you want to start with is if you remove the sparkplug from the engine and get the piston somewhere a little lower, you know, away from top dead center, you can just take some twine or some string or somethin' similar to that and just run it into that sparkplug hole until you've got enough in there, and then as you start to rotate the engine that will keep the piston from reaching top dead center, it will essentially lock the engine up for you so you can remove the flywheel.

So we've got some string inside there, now when I pull on the cord, I've already hit that string, and now my engine is locked up and I'll have a chance to remove that nut off of the drive shaft.

 >> So you remove the nut.

Remove the flywheel, and then once you remove that flywheel you can access that key and replace it and reinstall it and then rotate your engine back the other direction from wherever you tightened the nut, and then you can remove the twine.

  >> So.

There's a tip for locking your engine up intentionally so you can remove the flywheel.

We'll see you next week on Shop Stop.

 

 

Learning About Water

>> Finally, today, a look at why young people may be the key to water conservation.

We caught up with a group of fourth graders taking part in an extension program you'll soon see statewide.

  >> [Voiceover] So this is our youth water education fair.

It's part of the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service, and Cheryl Newberry and Claude Bess out of the southeast district of extension, are really interested in youth water education.

And this is their idea for how we can teach kids about how to conserve water.

 >> [Voiceoverl] Being able to teach the kids at this age on ways that they can conserve water and protect our water is important because they can, in turn, teach their parents, and put into practice some things in their homes that they will carry with them for the rest of their lives.

And hopefully, we'll see them making some big impacts in how they are able to conserve and protect the water as they move into adulthood.

 >> So we partnered with Sangre Ridge Elementary here in Stillwater, to do kind of a trial youth water fair.

 To shoot some videos and put some promotional materials together, so that we can really take this throughout the state of Oklahoma.

 >> Well, I learned that my mom and dad pay a lot of money like every single, for every single day each month for all the water that we use.

 >> I've learned some about aquifers, and condensation, and all of the things that can cause those.

 And a lot about water.

 >> There's five different stations today, and the station that I'm teaching is called the Beverage of Life, which is about water in the body and how important it is for our health.

We also have one on the water cycle that teaches the kids how the water travels through the different stages of the water cycle.

And they're also learning about how to conserve water in the home with the simple tasks that they can do to reduce the amount of water that they're using, with even things like brushing their teeth and washing dishes and things like that.

 >> [Voiceover] Turn off the faucets when I'm not using them.

 >> And they're also learning about aquifers today.

The importance of aquifers and how they're structured and how you get water in and out of the aquifers.

And experiencing that by actually getting to eat an edible aquifer, which is a really great visual and way for them to learn about that particular session.

 >> I also learned that we need to drink a lot of water instead of soda.

Anyway, well, I don't drink it, so that's kind a good.

Soda is really bad for your bones and body, and water is, like, really healthy for you.

 >> A leaky faucet can waste up to 100 gallons of water a day.

 >> And hopefully, over the next year, we want to do training in all four districts so that we can impact youth all over the state of Oklahoma with school enrichment programs like this, and in other settings, like 4-H day camps and overnight camping programs as well.

 >> I think the youth is where we would go to kind of start the practice of water conservation.

I sometimes refer back to recycling.

When I was growing up, you know, I grew up on a farm but even in the community that I grew up in, recycling was not something that was emphasized.

Now, if I go home and I have a tin can and I start to throw the tin can in the trash, my kids get all upset at me and say, "No, you have to recycle this.

" So we've pushed it through in terms of recycling.

I think water conservation can follow the path of what we've done with recycling.

And I think what's gonna happen is the water fair is going to be able to take these concepts, and the kids are going to take them and go home and tell their parents about it, and so I think that that's where we start to build the impact for water conservation.

 >> That will do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

From the historic Magruder Plots, on the OSU campus, I'm Lyndall Stout.

We'll see you next time at SUNUP.

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